E-ISSN 2536-9520 | ISSN 1110-2047
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Influence of Dietary L-Carnitine on Productive Performance, Internal Organs and Carcass Characters of Two Duck Breeds Reared for Foie Gras Production

Mona, E. M. Younis.

Cited by (1)

Abstract
120 male Muscovy ducks and 120 male Moulord ducks reared for foie gras production were used to study the effect of dietary L-carnitine supplementation on productive performance traits, internal organs and carcass characters. Ducks of each genotype were allotted into two groups (n=60), the first group received dietary L-carnitine at level of 500mg/kg ration and the other is control.
2. L-carnitine supplementation increased body weights at 2 and 4 weeks significantly than control groups also weight gain and relative growth rate from hatch to 2 weeks were significantly increased in L-carnitine groups. From the 6 week of age the effect of L-carnitine on body weight and weight gain were not significant.
3. Dietary L-carnitine increased significantly heart weight and heart percentage of life weight in Muscovy ducks and pancreas percentage of life weight in Moulord ducks compared to their control groups. However, all other body organs, carcass characters and carcass parts chemical composition did not differ significantly.
4. Muscovy ducks recorded significantly higher life weight, carcass weight, dressing %, total fillet weight, shoulder weight and thigh weight and percentage of life weight than Moulord ducks.
3. The benefit from dietary L-carnitine on productive performance traits can be obtained within the first 4 weeks of life also marketing of Mule ducks should be at 8weeks old age, however Muscovy ducks marketing could be delayed till 10 weeks old age.

Key words: L-carnitine, duck breeds, performance, carcass traits


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Export to
Export to
Related Records
 Articles by Mona
Articles by E. M. Younis
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 1644
Downloaded: 293
Cited: 1

REFERENCES
Atienzar, F.A., Jha, A.N. 2006. The random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) assay and related techniques applied to genotoxicity and carcinogenesis studies: a critical review. Mut. Res. 613: 76-102. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
AOAC, 2000. Association of official analytical chemitcs, official method of analysis 17th Gaithersburg Marryland USA. Horwitz.
Arslan, C., Citil, M. & Saatci, M. 2003. Effects of L-carnitine administration on growth performance, carcass traits, blood serum parameters and abdominal fatty acid composition of ducks: Archi. Anim. Nutr. 57: 381-388. [DOI via Crossref]   
Arslan, C., Citil, M. & Saatci, M. 2004. Effects of L-carnitine administration on growth performance, carcass traits, serum lipids and abdominal fatty acid composition of geese: Rev. Méd. Vét. 155: 315-320.
Barker, D.L. & Sell, J.L. 1994. Dietary carnitine did not influence performance and carcass composition of broiler chickens and young turkeys fed low- or high-fat diets: Poul. Sci. 73: 281 – 287. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
Baumgartner, M. & Blum, R. 1993. L-Carnitine in animal nutrition. In Vitamine und weitere Zusatzstoffebei Mensch und Tier (Vitamins and Other Supplements for Humans and Animals), pp. 413–418 [G Flachowsky and R Schubert, editors]. JenaGermany: Friedrich-Schiller Universita¨t.
Brody, S. 1945. Bioenergetics and Growth: Reinhold Publishing Corportion., New York.
Buyse, J., Janssens, G.P.J. & Decuypere, E. 2001. The effects of dietary L-carnitine supplementation on the performance, organ weights and circulating hormone and metabolite concentrations of broiler chickens reared under a normal or low temperature schedule: Bri. Poul. Sci. 42: 230-241. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
Cartwright, A. L. 1986. Effect of carnitine and dietary energy concentration on body weight and body lipid of growing broilers: Poul. Sci. 65(Suppl. 1):21–29.
Celik, L. & Ozturkcan, O. 2003. Effects of dietary supplemental Lcarnitine and ascorbic acid on performance, carcass composition and plasma L-carnitine concentration of broiler chicks reared under different temperature: Arch Tierernahr Jour., 57: 27-38.
Davail, S., Rideau, N., Guy, G., Andre, J.M., Hermier, D., & Hoo-Paris, R. 2003. Hormonal and metabolic responses to overfeeding in three genotypes of ducks: Comp. Bioch. Phys. 134: 707–715. [DOI via Crossref]   
Elika, L., Ztrkcana, O., Nalb, T. C., Canacankatanb, N. & Kayrinb, L. 2003. Effects of l-carnitine and niacin supplied by drinking water on fattening performance, carcass quality and plasma l-carnitine concentration of broiler chicks: Archi. Anim. Nutr. 57: 127 – 136. [DOI via Crossref]   
French industry figures. 2007. French industry website.
Gropp, J.M., Schumacher, A. & Schweigert, F.J. 1994. Recent research in vitamin nutrition with special emphasis to vitamin A, b-carotene and L-carnitine: In: Proceedings of the Meeting of the Arkansas Nutrition Conference, Fayetteville, Arkansas Poultry Federation, pp. 124 – 134.
Guemene, D. & Guy, G. 2004. The past, present and future of force feeding and "foie gras" production: World Poul. Sci. Jour. 60: 210-222.
Guy, G., Hermier, D., Davail, S., Bely, M., Andre, J.M. & Hoo-Paris, R. 1999. Meat production and force-feeding ability of different type of ducks: 1st World Waterfowl Conference, Taichung Taïwan, 1–4 December, 1999, p 462–468. [Pubmed]   
Hermier, D., Guy, G., Guillaumin, S., Davail, S., Andre. J.M. & Hoo-Paris, R. 2003. Differential channelling of liver lipids in relation to susceptibility to hepatic steatosis in two species of ducks: Comp. Bioch. Phys. 135: 663– 675. [DOI via Crossref]   
Kita, K.; Kato, S.; Aman Yaman, M.; Okumura, J. & Yokata, H. 2002. Dietary L-carnitine increases plasma insulin like growth factors-1 concentration in chicks feed a diet with adequate dietary protein level: Bri. Poul. Sci. 43: 117-121. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
Larzul, C., Imbert. B. M., Bernadet, D., Guy, G. & Remignon, H. 2006. Meat quality in an intergeneric factorial crossbreeding between Muscovy (Cairina moschata) and Pekin (Anas platyrhynchos) duck: Ani. Res. 55: 219-229. [DOI via Crossref]    [DOI via Crossref]   
Leibetseder, J. 1995. Studies on the effects of L-carnitine in poultry: Archives of Ani. Nut. 48: 97 – 108.
Lien, T.F. & Hornga. Y.M. 2001. The effect of supplementary dietary L-carnitine on the growth performance, serum components, carcass traits and enzyme activities in relation to fatty acid β-oxidation of broiler chickens: Bri. Poul. Sci. 42: 92 – 95. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
Mamayev, V. V., Saleyev, P. F. &Tardat'-yan, G. A. 1980. Study of fattening ability of different breeds of ducks for fat liver production: Proceedings- of- the- 6th –European –Poultry-Conference,- Hamburg,- 8-12-Sep-1980-IV., 478-485.
NRC 1994. National Research Council: Nutrient requirement of Poult., 9th Ed. National Academy Press, Washington, DC.
Rabie, M.H. & Szilagy. M. 1998. Effect of L-Carnitine supplementation of diets differing in energy levels on performance, abdominal fat content, and yield and composition of edible meat of broilers: Bri. Jour. Nutr. 80: 391-400. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
Rabie, M.H., Szilágyi, M., Gippert, T., Votisky, E.& Gerendai, D. 1997. Influence of dietary L-carnitine on performance and carcass quality of broiler chickens: Acta. Biol. Hung.48: 241-252. [Pubmed]   
Randhir, H. & Pradhan, K.1981. Forage evalution fish published, Printox, Newdelhi, Dhawawan printing works.
Sarica, S., Corduk, M. & Kilinc, K. 2005. The effect of dietary L-carnitine supplementation on growth performance, carcass traits and composition of edible meat in Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica). The Jour. Appl. Poul. Res. 14: 709-715. [DOI via Crossref]   
SAS 2002. User's Guide statistical Analysis system, version 6, 4th Edition, SAS Institute, Cary, NC. USA.
Sayed, A.N., Shoeib, H. K. & Abdel-Raheem, H. A. 2001. Effect of dietary L-carnitine on the performance of broiler chickens fed on different levels of fat: Assiut Vet. Med. Jour. 45: 37-47.
Veremeenko, R.P. & Kutnyuk,. P.I. 1995.Prediction of the results of fattening geese for fatty liver. Nauchno Tekhnicheskii Byulleten', Ukrainskii Nauchno Issledovatel' skii Institut Ptitsevodstva: 34: 30-32.
Xu, Z.R., Wang, M.Q., Maom, H.X., Zhan, X.A. a & Hu, C.H. 2003. Effects of L-carnitine on growth performance, carcass composition, and metabolism of lipids in male broilers: Poul. Sci. 82: 408-413. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   

This Article Cited By the following articles

An update on potential applications of L-carnitine in poultry
Worlds Poult. Sci. J. 2017; 73(04): 823.

1
 

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

, Younis EM. Influence of Dietary L-Carnitine on Productive Performance, Internal Organs and Carcass Characters of Two Duck Breeds Reared for Foie Gras Production. AJVS. 2015; 44(1): 159-168. doi:10.5455/ajvs.178704


Web Style

, Younis EM. Influence of Dietary L-Carnitine on Productive Performance, Internal Organs and Carcass Characters of Two Duck Breeds Reared for Foie Gras Production. http://www.alexjvs.com/?mno=178704 [Access: June 24, 2018]. doi:10.5455/ajvs.178704


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

, Younis EM. Influence of Dietary L-Carnitine on Productive Performance, Internal Organs and Carcass Characters of Two Duck Breeds Reared for Foie Gras Production. AJVS. 2015; 44(1): 159-168. doi:10.5455/ajvs.178704



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

, Younis EM. Influence of Dietary L-Carnitine on Productive Performance, Internal Organs and Carcass Characters of Two Duck Breeds Reared for Foie Gras Production. AJVS. (2015), [cited June 24, 2018]; 44(1): 159-168. doi:10.5455/ajvs.178704



Harvard Style

& Younis, E. M. (2015) Influence of Dietary L-Carnitine on Productive Performance, Internal Organs and Carcass Characters of Two Duck Breeds Reared for Foie Gras Production. AJVS, 44 (1), 159-168. doi:10.5455/ajvs.178704



Turabian Style

, and E. M. Younis. 2015. Influence of Dietary L-Carnitine on Productive Performance, Internal Organs and Carcass Characters of Two Duck Breeds Reared for Foie Gras Production. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 44 (1), 159-168. doi:10.5455/ajvs.178704



Chicago Style

, and E. M. Younis. "Influence of Dietary L-Carnitine on Productive Performance, Internal Organs and Carcass Characters of Two Duck Breeds Reared for Foie Gras Production." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 44 (2015), 159-168. doi:10.5455/ajvs.178704



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

, and E. M. Younis. "Influence of Dietary L-Carnitine on Productive Performance, Internal Organs and Carcass Characters of Two Duck Breeds Reared for Foie Gras Production." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 44.1 (2015), 159-168. Print. doi:10.5455/ajvs.178704



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

& Younis, E. M. (2015) Influence of Dietary L-Carnitine on Productive Performance, Internal Organs and Carcass Characters of Two Duck Breeds Reared for Foie Gras Production. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 44 (1), 159-168. doi:10.5455/ajvs.178704





Most Viewed Articles
  • Assessment of The Efficiency of Some Chemical Disinfectants Used in poultry Farms Against Coccidiosis
    Hamed Abdel tawab Samaha, Yasser Nasr Haggag, Mohammed Al sayed Nossair, Heba Mohammed Habib
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 82-90
    » Abstract & References

  • Physiological and Oxidative Stress Biomarkers in the Freshwater Nile Tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus L., exposed to sublethal doses of cadmium
    Ahmed M. EL-Gazzar, Khalid E. Ashry, Yasser S. El-Sayed
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 29-43
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48333

  • Influence of Combined Administration of Turmeric and Black seed on Selected Biochemical Parameters of Diabetic Rats
    Sabry M. El-Bahr, Nabil M. Taha, Mahdy A. Korshom, Abd EL-Wahab A. Mandour, Mohamed A. Lebda
    AJVS. 2014; 41(1): 19-27
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.154650

  • Surgical and Histological Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Propolis on Wound Healing
    Ramadan El Sayed Abd Elwahed, Mahmoud Hussein El Kammar, Islam Reda Edrees
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 52-63
    » Abstract & References

  • Molecular Characterization of Listeria Species Isolated from Frozen Fish
    Gaber S. Abdellrazeq, Ayman M. Kamar, Samya M. El-Houshy
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 1-15
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.45443

  • Evaluation of a Rapid Immunochromatographic Test for Detection of Brucella Abortus Antibodies in Egyptian Cattle Sera and Milk
    Tharwat M. Elshemey, Amir H. Abd-Elrahman
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 24-28
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.47307

  • Effect of Lead Toxicity on Mineral Metabolism and Immunological Factors in Rats
    Nabil M Taha, Mahdy S. Korshom, abd El-Wahab M Mandour, Mohamed A Lebdah, Eman S aladham
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 64-73
    » Abstract & References

  • Growth Performance, Blood Parameters, Immune response and Carcass Traits of Broiler Chicks Fed on Graded Levels of Wheat Instead of Corn without or With Enzyme Supplementation
    Mohamed I. El-Katcha, Mosaad A. Soltan, Hany F. El-Kanwy, EL-syaed R. kawarie
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 95-111
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48232

  • Antigenic Variations of Infectious Bronchitis Virus from Broiler flocks in Al Behera Governorate
    Sarah E. AlBeltagi, Helmy A. Torky, Mahmoud E. Seddeek
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 44-51
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.46652

  • Improving Production Traits for El-salam and Mandarah Chicken Strains by Crossing I- Estimation of Crossbreeding Effects for Growth Production Traits
    Ayman El-Sayed Taha, Fawzy Ali Abd El-Ghany
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 18-30
    » Abstract & References

  • Most Downloaded
  • Physiological and Oxidative Stress Biomarkers in the Freshwater Nile Tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus L., exposed to sublethal doses of cadmium
    Ahmed M. EL-Gazzar, Khalid E. Ashry, Yasser S. El-Sayed
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 29-43
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48333

  • Molecular Characterization of Listeria Species Isolated from Frozen Fish
    Gaber S. Abdellrazeq, Ayman M. Kamar, Samya M. El-Houshy
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 1-15
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.45443

  • Evaluation of a Rapid Immunochromatographic Test for Detection of Brucella Abortus Antibodies in Egyptian Cattle Sera and Milk
    Tharwat M. Elshemey, Amir H. Abd-Elrahman
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 24-28
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.47307

  • Assessment of The Efficiency of Some Chemical Disinfectants Used in poultry Farms Against Coccidiosis
    Hamed Abdel tawab Samaha, Yasser Nasr Haggag, Mohammed Al sayed Nossair, Heba Mohammed Habib
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 82-90
    » Abstract & References

  • Antigenic Variations of Infectious Bronchitis Virus from Broiler flocks in Al Behera Governorate
    Sarah E. AlBeltagi, Helmy A. Torky, Mahmoud E. Seddeek
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 44-51
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.46652

  • Growth Performance, Blood Parameters, Immune response and Carcass Traits of Broiler Chicks Fed on Graded Levels of Wheat Instead of Corn without or With Enzyme Supplementation
    Mohamed I. El-Katcha, Mosaad A. Soltan, Hany F. El-Kanwy, EL-syaed R. kawarie
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 95-111
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48232

  • Effect of Lead Toxicity on Mineral Metabolism and Immunological Factors in Rats
    Nabil M Taha, Mahdy S. Korshom, abd El-Wahab M Mandour, Mohamed A Lebdah, Eman S aladham
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 64-73
    » Abstract & References

  • Aerobic Bacteria Associated with Omphalitis of Chicks [English]
    Khalil, S. A. and Einas, El-Shamy
    AJVS. 2012; 37(1): 69-77
    » Abstract

  • Surgical and Histological Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Propolis on Wound Healing
    Ramadan El Sayed Abd Elwahed, Mahmoud Hussein El Kammar, Islam Reda Edrees
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 52-63
    » Abstract & References

  • Using Double Dose of GnRH for Reducing Incidence of Cystic Ovaries in Cows
    Wael MB Noseir, Kamal K Metwally, Negm N Shaker
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 124-132
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.40648

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Antifibrotic Effect of Curcumin on Thioacetamide Induced Liver Fibrosis
    Suzan E. Abdou, Nabil M. Taha, Abd El-Wahab A. Mandour, Mohamed A. Lebda, Hanaa R. El Hofi, Amany MSE El-Morshedy
    AJVS. 2015; 45(1): 43-50
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.179458
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Physiological and Oxidative Stress Biomarkers in the Freshwater Nile Tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus L., exposed to sublethal doses of cadmium
    Ahmed M. EL-Gazzar, Khalid E. Ashry, Yasser S. El-Sayed
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 29-43
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48333
    Cited : 3 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Adverse Effects of Ivermectin in comparison with Rafoxanide on Male Rats
    Abd El-Salam F. El-Sawy, Zeynab Kh. El-Maddawy and Soaad A. Seed
    AJVS. 2015; 47(1): 119-128
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.198997
    Cited : 3 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Enumeration and Characterization of Aeromonas spp. Isolated from Milk and Some Dairy Products in Sharkia Governorate, Egypt
    Nagwa I. ElBalat, Salah F. Abd-ElAal, Madeha A. Ayoub, Magdy S. Elsayed
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 52-64
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.49073
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Comparison of Lidocaine and LidocaineNeostigmine for Epidural Analgesia in Water Buffalo Calves (Bubalus Bubalis)
    Alaa Ghazy, Ayman Atiba, Mustafa Shukry, Tarek Kamal
    AJVS. 2015; 46(1): 177-181
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.198171
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • The Growth Promoting Effect of Beta-glucan in Comparison with Sodium Butyrate in Broiler Chicks
    Abd El-Salam F. El-Sawy, Zeynab Kh. El-Maddawy, Hawary S. Ibrahiem and El-Sadeq Bo-Ghazel
    AJVS. 2015; 44(1): 23-37
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.163992
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Association of Hsp70 Gene Polymorphism And Bull Semen Quality In Winter And Summer Seasons
    Jehan A. Gafer, Ghada H. Abd El-Rahman, Rawash Z. M.
    AJVS. 2015; 46(1): 1-14
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.186038
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Enterobacteriaceae In Beef Products (Luncheon, Pasterma, Frankfurter and Minced meat) from Alexandria Retail Outlets
    Noha M. El-Gendy, Hossam A. Ibrahim, Nahla A. Al-Shabasy, and Ibrahim A. Samaha
    AJVS. 2014; 41(1): 80-86
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.151171
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Detection of Molecular Characterization of Salmonella enterica isolated from Chicken Meat and Its Products by Using Multiplex PCR
    Heba S. Amin and Abd El-Rahman A. Abd El-Rahman
    AJVS. 2015; 46(1): 155-160
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.196302
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Assessment of Freezability and Functional Integrity of Dromedary Camel Spermatozoa Harvested from Caput, Corpus and Cauda Epididymides
    El-Badry, D.A., Scholkamy, T.H., Abeer M. Anwer and Karima Gh.M. Mahmoud
    AJVS. 2015; 44(1): 147-158
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.178345
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]