E-ISSN 2536-9520 | ISSN 1110-2047
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Comparison of the Influence of Sedation with Either of Xylazine or Acepromazine on Nephrographic Opacification in Dogs

ADETOLA RASHEED AJADI, ADENIRAN ADETUNJI, ABISOLA ABOSEDE ADENIYI.

Abstract
The effect of chemical restraints with either 2.0mg/kg intramuscular injection of xylazine hydrochloride or 0.1mg/kg intramuscular injection of acepromazine during standard excretory urography was studied in five adult local dogs receiving 800mgI/kg intravenous injection of 76% Urograffin®. Radiographs were obtained immediately, at 10 mins, 20 mins and 40 mins post injection of Urograffin, while scores ranging from 1-4 was assigned to nephrographic densities. Also, respiratory rates (RR), heart rates (HR) and pulse rates (PR) were determined before sedation, after sedation, immediately after contrast agent administration and at 10 minutes interval during the 40 minutes duration of urography. In addition, adverse effects associated with injection of the drugs were noted as at when they occurred. In this study, sedation with xylazine was associated with few adverse effects such as transient apnoea and arrhythmia. Nephrographic opacification score was significantly (P<0.05) higher and persisted longer in the xylazine sedated dogs than acepromazine sedated dogs. Also, there was no significant difference in the HR and PR following xylazine and acepromazine sedation in the dogs. It was thus concluded that pretreatment with chemical restraint agents do affect nephrographic opacification and fading and that xylazine sedation provides better nephrographic opacification than acepromazine

Key words: Ajadi Rasheed Adetola, Adetunji Adeniran, Adeniyi Abisola Abosede


 
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Pubmed Style

ADETOLA RASHEED AJADI| ADENIRAN ADETUNJI| ABISOLA ABOSEDE ADENIYI. Comparison of the Influence of Sedation with Either of Xylazine or Acepromazine on Nephrographic Opacification in Dogs. AJVS. 2018; 58(1): 191-195. doi:10.5455/ajvs.295396


Web Style

ADETOLA RASHEED AJADI| ADENIRAN ADETUNJI| ABISOLA ABOSEDE ADENIYI. Comparison of the Influence of Sedation with Either of Xylazine or Acepromazine on Nephrographic Opacification in Dogs. http://www.alexjvs.com/?mno=295396 [Access: October 15, 2018]. doi:10.5455/ajvs.295396


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

ADETOLA RASHEED AJADI| ADENIRAN ADETUNJI| ABISOLA ABOSEDE ADENIYI. Comparison of the Influence of Sedation with Either of Xylazine or Acepromazine on Nephrographic Opacification in Dogs. AJVS. 2018; 58(1): 191-195. doi:10.5455/ajvs.295396



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

ADETOLA RASHEED AJADI| ADENIRAN ADETUNJI| ABISOLA ABOSEDE ADENIYI. Comparison of the Influence of Sedation with Either of Xylazine or Acepromazine on Nephrographic Opacification in Dogs. AJVS. (2018), [cited October 15, 2018]; 58(1): 191-195. doi:10.5455/ajvs.295396



Harvard Style

ADETOLA RASHEED AJADI| ADENIRAN ADETUNJI| ABISOLA ABOSEDE ADENIYI (2018) Comparison of the Influence of Sedation with Either of Xylazine or Acepromazine on Nephrographic Opacification in Dogs. AJVS, 58 (1), 191-195. doi:10.5455/ajvs.295396



Turabian Style

ADETOLA RASHEED AJADI| ADENIRAN ADETUNJI| ABISOLA ABOSEDE ADENIYI. 2018. Comparison of the Influence of Sedation with Either of Xylazine or Acepromazine on Nephrographic Opacification in Dogs. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 58 (1), 191-195. doi:10.5455/ajvs.295396



Chicago Style

ADETOLA RASHEED AJADI| ADENIRAN ADETUNJI| ABISOLA ABOSEDE ADENIYI. "Comparison of the Influence of Sedation with Either of Xylazine or Acepromazine on Nephrographic Opacification in Dogs." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 58 (2018), 191-195. doi:10.5455/ajvs.295396



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

ADETOLA RASHEED AJADI| ADENIRAN ADETUNJI| ABISOLA ABOSEDE ADENIYI. "Comparison of the Influence of Sedation with Either of Xylazine or Acepromazine on Nephrographic Opacification in Dogs." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 58.1 (2018), 191-195. Print. doi:10.5455/ajvs.295396



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

ADETOLA RASHEED AJADI| ADENIRAN ADETUNJI| ABISOLA ABOSEDE ADENIYI (2018) Comparison of the Influence of Sedation with Either of Xylazine or Acepromazine on Nephrographic Opacification in Dogs. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 58 (1), 191-195. doi:10.5455/ajvs.295396





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