E-ISSN 2536-9520 | ISSN 1110-2047
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Prevalence of Some Dangerous Heavy Metal Residues and Aflatoxins in Milk and Some Dairy Products

Hussein S. Abo El-Makarem, Amr A. Amer, Heba A. Abdel Naby.

Abstract
Heavy metal residues and aflatoxins production in milk and dairy products cause public health hazards on human health. Therefore, One hundred and twenty samples of raw cow milk and some dairy products including (Cream, Cooking butter, Kareish cheese, Damietta cheese, and yoghurt) 20 of each type, were collected from different supermarkets and groceries, in Alexandria city, Egypt. The obtained results showed that the mean values of lead, Cadmium and Aluminum were (0.33±0.049, 0.18±0.037, 0.28±0.071, 0.27±0.021, 0.26±0.032 and 0.29±0.043); (0.039±0.007, 0.041±0.007, 0.042±0.011, 0.030±0.004, 0.075±0.013 and 0.044±0.008), and (0.031±0.003, 0.413±0.101, 0.274±0.054, 0.334±0.118, 0.21±0.091 and 0.131±0.027) ppm in the examined raw cow’s milk, cream, cooking butter, Kareish cheese, Damietta cheese and yoghurt, respectively, copper and zinc values were determined in all examined samples. Regarding aflatoxins, AFM1 were detected in raw cow milk, cream, cooking butter, Kareish cheese and Damietta cheese with mean values of 0.078±0.05, 0.42±0.27, 0.33±0.09, 0.29±0.09, and 0.46±0.16 ppb, respectively and failed to be detected in examined yoghurt samples. AFM2 failed to be detected in examined raw cow’s milk and yoghurt samples. The public health significances of existing metals and aflatoxins as well as the suggested measures to minimize the hazardous effect of these pollutants were discussed.

Key words: Toxic heavy metals, Aflatoxins, raw cow’s milk, dairy products.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

El-Makarem HSA, Amer AA, Naby HAA. Prevalence of Some Dangerous Heavy Metal Residues and Aflatoxins in Milk and Some Dairy Products. AJVS. 2019; 62(1): 158-165. doi:10.5455/ajvs.43520


Web Style

El-Makarem HSA, Amer AA, Naby HAA. Prevalence of Some Dangerous Heavy Metal Residues and Aflatoxins in Milk and Some Dairy Products. http://www.alexjvs.com/?mno=43520 [Access: December 14, 2019]. doi:10.5455/ajvs.43520


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

El-Makarem HSA, Amer AA, Naby HAA. Prevalence of Some Dangerous Heavy Metal Residues and Aflatoxins in Milk and Some Dairy Products. AJVS. 2019; 62(1): 158-165. doi:10.5455/ajvs.43520



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

El-Makarem HSA, Amer AA, Naby HAA. Prevalence of Some Dangerous Heavy Metal Residues and Aflatoxins in Milk and Some Dairy Products. AJVS. (2019), [cited December 14, 2019]; 62(1): 158-165. doi:10.5455/ajvs.43520



Harvard Style

El-Makarem, H. S. A., Amer, . A. A. & Naby, . H. A. A. (2019) Prevalence of Some Dangerous Heavy Metal Residues and Aflatoxins in Milk and Some Dairy Products. AJVS, 62 (1), 158-165. doi:10.5455/ajvs.43520



Turabian Style

El-Makarem, Hussein S. Abo, Amr A. Amer, and Heba A. Abdel Naby. 2019. Prevalence of Some Dangerous Heavy Metal Residues and Aflatoxins in Milk and Some Dairy Products. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 62 (1), 158-165. doi:10.5455/ajvs.43520



Chicago Style

El-Makarem, Hussein S. Abo, Amr A. Amer, and Heba A. Abdel Naby. "Prevalence of Some Dangerous Heavy Metal Residues and Aflatoxins in Milk and Some Dairy Products." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 62 (2019), 158-165. doi:10.5455/ajvs.43520



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

El-Makarem, Hussein S. Abo, Amr A. Amer, and Heba A. Abdel Naby. "Prevalence of Some Dangerous Heavy Metal Residues and Aflatoxins in Milk and Some Dairy Products." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 62.1 (2019), 158-165. Print. doi:10.5455/ajvs.43520



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

El-Makarem, H. S. A., Amer, . A. A. & Naby, . H. A. A. (2019) Prevalence of Some Dangerous Heavy Metal Residues and Aflatoxins in Milk and Some Dairy Products. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 62 (1), 158-165. doi:10.5455/ajvs.43520





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