E-ISSN 2536-9520 | ISSN 1110-2047
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Sero-Epidemiological Study on Caprine Arthritis-Encephalitis Virus Infection in Goats in Two Localities in Egypt

Ehab Baraka, Adel M. Khadr, Tharwat M. Elshemey, Salem S.A.H., Amir H. Abd-Elrahman, Osama M. Abas.

Abstract
Caprine Arthritis Encephalitis (CAE) is a chronic viral disease of domestic goats caused by a member of lentivirus of the family Retroviridae. In this study. The prevalence of caprine arthritis encephalitis virus in two governorates in Egypt was investigated. A total of 176 serum samples were collected from local (Egyptian Nubian, Egyptian baladi which is the native breed) and foreign breeds (barki and shami) of goats from ten flocks from different localities in Behera and Alexandria governorates. Enzyme-linked-immuno-sorbent assay (ELISA) was employed for detection of anti –p28 antibodies directed against CAEV. Sero prevalence on the herd level was 30% (3/10 herds were positive). Sero prevalence on the individual level was 8.52%. All sero positive animals were from the breed Barki (15/106) at a percentage of 14.15%. Higher percentages of positive animals were recorded in females and at age between 4-5 years. All serologically positive cases (15) were in animals raised by open system (132), at a percentage of 11.36%. There was 100% correlation between the results of ELISA test in caprine serum and milk whey samples.
In conclusion: The best of our knowledge this is the first study recorded the presence of caprine arthritis encephalitis in Egypt and further study to characterize the virus and wider seroprevalence study is required. The Milk whey ELISA test proved to be accurate simple non-invasive technique for surveillance of the disease on herd bases.

Key words: caprine arthritis virus – Lentivirus - ELISA


 
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Pubmed Style

Baraka E, Khadr AM, Elshemey TM, S.A.H. S, Abd-Elrahman AH, Abas OM. Sero-Epidemiological Study on Caprine Arthritis-Encephalitis Virus Infection in Goats in Two Localities in Egypt. AJVS. 2018; 59(1): 68-78. doi:10.5455/ajvs.8048


Web Style

Baraka E, Khadr AM, Elshemey TM, S.A.H. S, Abd-Elrahman AH, Abas OM. Sero-Epidemiological Study on Caprine Arthritis-Encephalitis Virus Infection in Goats in Two Localities in Egypt. http://www.alexjvs.com/?mno=8048 [Access: November 17, 2018]. doi:10.5455/ajvs.8048


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Baraka E, Khadr AM, Elshemey TM, S.A.H. S, Abd-Elrahman AH, Abas OM. Sero-Epidemiological Study on Caprine Arthritis-Encephalitis Virus Infection in Goats in Two Localities in Egypt. AJVS. 2018; 59(1): 68-78. doi:10.5455/ajvs.8048



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Baraka E, Khadr AM, Elshemey TM, S.A.H. S, Abd-Elrahman AH, Abas OM. Sero-Epidemiological Study on Caprine Arthritis-Encephalitis Virus Infection in Goats in Two Localities in Egypt. AJVS. (2018), [cited November 17, 2018]; 59(1): 68-78. doi:10.5455/ajvs.8048



Harvard Style

Baraka, E., Khadr, . A. M., Elshemey, . T. M., S.A.H., . S., Abd-Elrahman, . A. H. & Abas, . O. M. (2018) Sero-Epidemiological Study on Caprine Arthritis-Encephalitis Virus Infection in Goats in Two Localities in Egypt. AJVS, 59 (1), 68-78. doi:10.5455/ajvs.8048



Turabian Style

Baraka, Ehab, Adel M. Khadr, Tharwat M. Elshemey, Salem S.A.H., Amir H. Abd-Elrahman, and Osama M. Abas. 2018. Sero-Epidemiological Study on Caprine Arthritis-Encephalitis Virus Infection in Goats in Two Localities in Egypt. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 59 (1), 68-78. doi:10.5455/ajvs.8048



Chicago Style

Baraka, Ehab, Adel M. Khadr, Tharwat M. Elshemey, Salem S.A.H., Amir H. Abd-Elrahman, and Osama M. Abas. "Sero-Epidemiological Study on Caprine Arthritis-Encephalitis Virus Infection in Goats in Two Localities in Egypt." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 59 (2018), 68-78. doi:10.5455/ajvs.8048



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Baraka, Ehab, Adel M. Khadr, Tharwat M. Elshemey, Salem S.A.H., Amir H. Abd-Elrahman, and Osama M. Abas. "Sero-Epidemiological Study on Caprine Arthritis-Encephalitis Virus Infection in Goats in Two Localities in Egypt." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 59.1 (2018), 68-78. Print. doi:10.5455/ajvs.8048



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Baraka, E., Khadr, . A. M., Elshemey, . T. M., S.A.H., . S., Abd-Elrahman, . A. H. & Abas, . O. M. (2018) Sero-Epidemiological Study on Caprine Arthritis-Encephalitis Virus Infection in Goats in Two Localities in Egypt. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 59 (1), 68-78. doi:10.5455/ajvs.8048





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