E-ISSN 2536-9520 | ISSN 1110-2047
 

Case Report 


Maxillofacial Osteosarcoma in a Five Year Old Rottweiler Dog: A Case Report

Oyenekan I. Oladehinde, Adebiyi Adeniyi, Adeniyi A. Abosede, Alabi M. Martina, Koleosho S. Adisa, Ajadi R. Adetola.

Abstract
A five year old male Rottweiler presented with persistent nasal discharge and intermittent epistaxis of duration of over one year, was diagnosed with maxillofacial osteosarcoma based on radiographic findings of the skull and histological findings of the mass. Physical examination revealed severe facial swelling and distortion. Radiographs showed severe lysis of the incisive and maxillary bones, with a typical moth-eaten appearance. In addition, there was distortion of the outline of the nasal turbinate and severe soft tissue swelling. There was no evidence of metastasis both on thoracic radiograph and abdominal ultrasound. Haemato-biochemical parameters revealed moderate anaemia with neutrophilic leukocytosis, elevated serum alkaline phosphatase, hypernatremia, hyperkalemia, hypochloremia and metabolic alkalosis. Cytological evaluation of the neoplastic mass revealed numerous moderately pleomorphic round, oval, polygonal, spindle-shaped or elongated irregular cells with abundant osteoid at their background. Histologically, the neoplastic mass has different appearance with production of osteoid and invasion of the surrounding tissues. The tumor matrix contained variable quantities of osteoid, cartilage and collagen. The dog was euthanized due to poor prognosis of obtaining tumor free margin after surgical excision. It was recommended that radiographic examination of the skull should be part of the routine assessment of dogs presented with epistaxis.

Key words: Maxillofacial, Axial, Osteosarcoma, Dog, Rottweiler


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Oladehinde OI, Adeniyi A, Abosede AA, Martina AM, Adisa KS, Adetola AR. Maxillofacial Osteosarcoma in a Five Year Old Rottweiler Dog: A Case Report. AJVS. 2021; 69(1): 149-154. doi:10.5455/ajvs.135721


Web Style

Oladehinde OI, Adeniyi A, Abosede AA, Martina AM, Adisa KS, Adetola AR. Maxillofacial Osteosarcoma in a Five Year Old Rottweiler Dog: A Case Report. http://www.alexjvs.com/?mno=135721 [Access: May 08, 2021]. doi:10.5455/ajvs.135721


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Oladehinde OI, Adeniyi A, Abosede AA, Martina AM, Adisa KS, Adetola AR. Maxillofacial Osteosarcoma in a Five Year Old Rottweiler Dog: A Case Report. AJVS. 2021; 69(1): 149-154. doi:10.5455/ajvs.135721



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Oladehinde OI, Adeniyi A, Abosede AA, Martina AM, Adisa KS, Adetola AR. Maxillofacial Osteosarcoma in a Five Year Old Rottweiler Dog: A Case Report. AJVS. (2021), [cited May 08, 2021]; 69(1): 149-154. doi:10.5455/ajvs.135721



Harvard Style

Oladehinde, O. I., Adeniyi, . A., Abosede, . A. A., Martina, . A. M., Adisa, . K. S. & Adetola, . A. R. (2021) Maxillofacial Osteosarcoma in a Five Year Old Rottweiler Dog: A Case Report. AJVS, 69 (1), 149-154. doi:10.5455/ajvs.135721



Turabian Style

Oladehinde, Oyenekan I., Adebiyi Adeniyi, Adeniyi A. Abosede, Alabi M. Martina, Koleosho S. Adisa, and Ajadi R. Adetola. 2021. Maxillofacial Osteosarcoma in a Five Year Old Rottweiler Dog: A Case Report. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 69 (1), 149-154. doi:10.5455/ajvs.135721



Chicago Style

Oladehinde, Oyenekan I., Adebiyi Adeniyi, Adeniyi A. Abosede, Alabi M. Martina, Koleosho S. Adisa, and Ajadi R. Adetola. "Maxillofacial Osteosarcoma in a Five Year Old Rottweiler Dog: A Case Report." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 69 (2021), 149-154. doi:10.5455/ajvs.135721



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Oladehinde, Oyenekan I., Adebiyi Adeniyi, Adeniyi A. Abosede, Alabi M. Martina, Koleosho S. Adisa, and Ajadi R. Adetola. "Maxillofacial Osteosarcoma in a Five Year Old Rottweiler Dog: A Case Report." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 69.1 (2021), 149-154. Print. doi:10.5455/ajvs.135721



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Oladehinde, O. I., Adeniyi, . A., Abosede, . A. A., Martina, . A. M., Adisa, . K. S. & Adetola, . A. R. (2021) Maxillofacial Osteosarcoma in a Five Year Old Rottweiler Dog: A Case Report. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 69 (1), 149-154. doi:10.5455/ajvs.135721





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