E-ISSN 2536-9520 | ISSN 1110-2047
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Long-lasting Effect of Creatine or GuanidinoaceticAcid on Mulard Ducks Performance, Behaviour, Tissue Creatine Stores and Meat Quality

Alaa M. Morshedy, Doaa Ibrahim, Rania El Sayed, Enas N. Said.

Abstract
This study was to determine the effectiveness of guanidinoaceticacid(GAA) with or without methioninein comparison with creatine (CREA)at enhancing duck’s performance,restoring tissue Cr and improving meat quality.Mulardducklings (n=250) were fed on control diet or control diet plus CREA;GAA; GAA with 0.2% Met (GAAMet0.2) or GAA with 0.4%Met (GAAMet0.4). Dietarysupplementation of CREA or GAA significantly increased (P<0.05) overall body gain andimproved feed: gain ratio. The eating and drinking frequencies were the highest in GAA and CREA and the lowest in GAA with 0.4% Met and GAA with 0.2%Met, ducks reared in GAA with 0.4% Met and GAA with 0.2%Met diets were more active, as expressed by greater frequencies of walking, body shaking and preening behavior and lower frequencies of lying, huddling and standing. There were highly significant differences observed in standing and huddling behavior between groups. Dietary GAA especially with 0.4% of Metsignificantly increased (P<0.05) carcass and breast yield. The meat pH values were higher(P<0.05) with dietary CREA or GAA supplemented with Met. Providing of a dietary GAA especially with Met led to higher levels of plasma CREA than dietary CREA. Themolecular investigation indicated that dietary CREA or GAA with Met enhanced the hepatic insulin-like growth factor-1, growth hormone and muscle myogenin expression. Results suggested that dietary CREA or GAA with Met had the positive effect onduck’s performance and behaviour based on molecular indices related to growth. Also, dietary GAA enhanced tissues CREA loading than dietary CREA and long term of GAA supplementation in ducks may induce a methyl group deficiency that was resolved with Met addition.

Key words: CREA, GAA, Methionine, GuanidinoaceticAcid Metabolism, Ducks


 
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Pubmed Style

Morshedy AM, Ibrahim D, Sayed RE, Said EN. Long-lasting Effect of Creatine or GuanidinoaceticAcid on Mulard Ducks Performance, Behaviour, Tissue Creatine Stores and Meat Quality. AJVS. 2019; 60(1): 1-9. doi:10.5455/ajvs.15233


Web Style

Morshedy AM, Ibrahim D, Sayed RE, Said EN. Long-lasting Effect of Creatine or GuanidinoaceticAcid on Mulard Ducks Performance, Behaviour, Tissue Creatine Stores and Meat Quality. http://www.alexjvs.com/?mno=15233 [Access: February 24, 2019]. doi:10.5455/ajvs.15233


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Morshedy AM, Ibrahim D, Sayed RE, Said EN. Long-lasting Effect of Creatine or GuanidinoaceticAcid on Mulard Ducks Performance, Behaviour, Tissue Creatine Stores and Meat Quality. AJVS. 2019; 60(1): 1-9. doi:10.5455/ajvs.15233



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Morshedy AM, Ibrahim D, Sayed RE, Said EN. Long-lasting Effect of Creatine or GuanidinoaceticAcid on Mulard Ducks Performance, Behaviour, Tissue Creatine Stores and Meat Quality. AJVS. (2019), [cited February 24, 2019]; 60(1): 1-9. doi:10.5455/ajvs.15233



Harvard Style

Morshedy, A. M., Ibrahim, . D., Sayed, . R. E. & Said, . E. N. (2019) Long-lasting Effect of Creatine or GuanidinoaceticAcid on Mulard Ducks Performance, Behaviour, Tissue Creatine Stores and Meat Quality. AJVS, 60 (1), 1-9. doi:10.5455/ajvs.15233



Turabian Style

Morshedy, Alaa M., Doaa Ibrahim, Rania El Sayed, and Enas N. Said. 2019. Long-lasting Effect of Creatine or GuanidinoaceticAcid on Mulard Ducks Performance, Behaviour, Tissue Creatine Stores and Meat Quality. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 60 (1), 1-9. doi:10.5455/ajvs.15233



Chicago Style

Morshedy, Alaa M., Doaa Ibrahim, Rania El Sayed, and Enas N. Said. "Long-lasting Effect of Creatine or GuanidinoaceticAcid on Mulard Ducks Performance, Behaviour, Tissue Creatine Stores and Meat Quality." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 60 (2019), 1-9. doi:10.5455/ajvs.15233



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Morshedy, Alaa M., Doaa Ibrahim, Rania El Sayed, and Enas N. Said. "Long-lasting Effect of Creatine or GuanidinoaceticAcid on Mulard Ducks Performance, Behaviour, Tissue Creatine Stores and Meat Quality." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 60.1 (2019), 1-9. Print. doi:10.5455/ajvs.15233



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Morshedy, A. M., Ibrahim, . D., Sayed, . R. E. & Said, . E. N. (2019) Long-lasting Effect of Creatine or GuanidinoaceticAcid on Mulard Ducks Performance, Behaviour, Tissue Creatine Stores and Meat Quality. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 60 (1), 1-9. doi:10.5455/ajvs.15233





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