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Radiographic and Computed Tomographic Anatomy of the Fetlock, Pastern and Coffin Joints of the Manus of the Donkey (Equus asinus)

Mohamed Amin, Raafat elbakary, Mohamed A. Alsafy, Naglaa Fathi.

Cited by (1)

Abstract
The digit of the donkey as a draught animal is commonly susceptible to much affection. The purpose of the present study was to provide a detailed anatomic reference of radiographic and computed tomographic images in conjunction with cross and sagittal sections of the normal fetlock, pastern and coffin joints of the donkey for anatomists, surgeons and veterinary students. Eight adult donkeys of both sexes free from any joints affection were used in our study. The digit of two donkeys had undergone radiographic and computed tomographic scanning; the other donkey’s specimens were used to anatomical dissection and sectional anatomy. In the computed tomography (CT) of the fetlock joint all bone structures of the joint appeared also the soft tissue structures that could be identified and evaluated on the different soft tissue window planes included the common digital extensor tendon, lateral digital extensor tendon, superficial digital flexor tendon (SDFT), deep digital flexor tendon (DDFT), straight, oblique, and cruciate distal sesamoidean and intersesamoidean ligaments. For the pastern joint the structures that can be identified including the proximal phalanx, DDFT and digital cushion. In the coffin joint the collateral sesamoidean ligament (CSL) is difficult to identify on CT images.

Key words: donkey, CT, radiology, cast, gross anatomy


 
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This Article Cited By the following articles

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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Amin M, elbakary R, Alsafy MA, Fathi N. Radiographic and Computed Tomographic Anatomy of the Fetlock, Pastern and Coffin Joints of the Manus of the Donkey (Equus asinus). AJVS. 2014; 41(1): 68-79. doi:10.5455/ajvs.156620


Web Style

Amin M, elbakary R, Alsafy MA, Fathi N. Radiographic and Computed Tomographic Anatomy of the Fetlock, Pastern and Coffin Joints of the Manus of the Donkey (Equus asinus). http://www.alexjvs.com/?mno=156620 [Access: June 24, 2018]. doi:10.5455/ajvs.156620


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Amin M, elbakary R, Alsafy MA, Fathi N. Radiographic and Computed Tomographic Anatomy of the Fetlock, Pastern and Coffin Joints of the Manus of the Donkey (Equus asinus). AJVS. 2014; 41(1): 68-79. doi:10.5455/ajvs.156620



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Amin M, elbakary R, Alsafy MA, Fathi N. Radiographic and Computed Tomographic Anatomy of the Fetlock, Pastern and Coffin Joints of the Manus of the Donkey (Equus asinus). AJVS. (2014), [cited June 24, 2018]; 41(1): 68-79. doi:10.5455/ajvs.156620



Harvard Style

Amin, M., elbakary, R., Alsafy, M. A. & Fathi, N. (2014) Radiographic and Computed Tomographic Anatomy of the Fetlock, Pastern and Coffin Joints of the Manus of the Donkey (Equus asinus). AJVS, 41 (1), 68-79. doi:10.5455/ajvs.156620



Turabian Style

Amin, Mohamed, Raafat elbakary, Mohamed A. Alsafy, and Naglaa Fathi. 2014. Radiographic and Computed Tomographic Anatomy of the Fetlock, Pastern and Coffin Joints of the Manus of the Donkey (Equus asinus). Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 41 (1), 68-79. doi:10.5455/ajvs.156620



Chicago Style

Amin, Mohamed, Raafat elbakary, Mohamed A. Alsafy, and Naglaa Fathi. "Radiographic and Computed Tomographic Anatomy of the Fetlock, Pastern and Coffin Joints of the Manus of the Donkey (Equus asinus)." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 41 (2014), 68-79. doi:10.5455/ajvs.156620



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Amin, Mohamed, Raafat elbakary, Mohamed A. Alsafy, and Naglaa Fathi. "Radiographic and Computed Tomographic Anatomy of the Fetlock, Pastern and Coffin Joints of the Manus of the Donkey (Equus asinus)." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 41.1 (2014), 68-79. Print. doi:10.5455/ajvs.156620



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Amin, M., elbakary, R., Alsafy, M. A. & Fathi, N. (2014) Radiographic and Computed Tomographic Anatomy of the Fetlock, Pastern and Coffin Joints of the Manus of the Donkey (Equus asinus). Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 41 (1), 68-79. doi:10.5455/ajvs.156620





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