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Original Research (Original Article) 


Chemical Sterilization of Dogs using Single Bilateral Intra-testicular Injection of Calcium Chloride or Clove Oil

Howaida M. Abu-Ahmed.

Cited by (1)

Abstract
The current study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of single bilateral intra-testicular injection of calcium chloride or clove oil to induce chemical sterilization in ten dogs divided into two groups each of five animals. Chemical sterilization was evaluated by clinical signs, hormonal analysis and histopathological examination. Testosterone level was decreased significantly after injection of both agents with complete degeneration of the interstitial leydig cells and seminiferous tubules while cortisol level was increased during the 1st week after calcium chloride injection. The single bilateral intra-testicular injection of calcium chloride or clove oil proved to be accepted as a suitable alternative to the surgical sterilization of dogs; however clove oil was superior to calcium chloride as it induced less pain and irritation to the dogs.

Key words: Dog, chemical sterilization, clove oil, calcium chloride, testosterone


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Howaida M. Abu-Ahmed. Chemical Sterilization of Dogs using Single Bilateral Intra-testicular Injection of Calcium Chloride or Clove Oil. AJVS. 2015; 45(1): 26-32. doi:10.5455/ajvs.179468


Web Style

Howaida M. Abu-Ahmed. Chemical Sterilization of Dogs using Single Bilateral Intra-testicular Injection of Calcium Chloride or Clove Oil. http://www.alexjvs.com/?mno=179468 [Access: August 21, 2018]. doi:10.5455/ajvs.179468


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Howaida M. Abu-Ahmed. Chemical Sterilization of Dogs using Single Bilateral Intra-testicular Injection of Calcium Chloride or Clove Oil. AJVS. 2015; 45(1): 26-32. doi:10.5455/ajvs.179468



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Howaida M. Abu-Ahmed. Chemical Sterilization of Dogs using Single Bilateral Intra-testicular Injection of Calcium Chloride or Clove Oil. AJVS. (2015), [cited August 21, 2018]; 45(1): 26-32. doi:10.5455/ajvs.179468



Harvard Style

Howaida M. Abu-Ahmed (2015) Chemical Sterilization of Dogs using Single Bilateral Intra-testicular Injection of Calcium Chloride or Clove Oil. AJVS, 45 (1), 26-32. doi:10.5455/ajvs.179468



Turabian Style

Howaida M. Abu-Ahmed. 2015. Chemical Sterilization of Dogs using Single Bilateral Intra-testicular Injection of Calcium Chloride or Clove Oil. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 45 (1), 26-32. doi:10.5455/ajvs.179468



Chicago Style

Howaida M. Abu-Ahmed. "Chemical Sterilization of Dogs using Single Bilateral Intra-testicular Injection of Calcium Chloride or Clove Oil." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 45 (2015), 26-32. doi:10.5455/ajvs.179468



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Howaida M. Abu-Ahmed. "Chemical Sterilization of Dogs using Single Bilateral Intra-testicular Injection of Calcium Chloride or Clove Oil." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 45.1 (2015), 26-32. Print. doi:10.5455/ajvs.179468



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Howaida M. Abu-Ahmed (2015) Chemical Sterilization of Dogs using Single Bilateral Intra-testicular Injection of Calcium Chloride or Clove Oil. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 45 (1), 26-32. doi:10.5455/ajvs.179468





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