E-ISSN 2536-9520 | ISSN 1110-2047
 

Original Research (Original Article) Open Access


Comparative efficiency of lidocaine or lidocaine-ketamine combination for epidural analgesia in camels

AbdEl-Maksoud A. Ebaid, Mahmoud H. El-Kammar, Howaida M. Abu-Ahmed, Ahmed S. Korritum.

Abstract
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the sedative, analgesic, clinicophysiological and hematobiochemical effects of xylocaine alone or in combination with ketamine when administered epidurally in camels. 8 clinically healthy camels of both sexes were divided equally into two groups, group I was injected with 1.1 mg/kg xylocaine HCl 2 %, while group II was injected with combination of xylocaine HCl (1.1 mg/Kg) and Ketamine –HCl (1 mg/Kg). The drugs were injected in the 1st inter coccygeal space. The onset and duration of sedation and analgesia were recorded. Pulse rate, respiratory rate, rectal temperature and hematobiochemical parameters were recorded before drug administration then at 15, 30, 60, 90 and 120 minutes postinjection. Xylocaine/ketamine combination resulted in significant longer duration of both sedation and analgesia when compared with xylocaine alone; recumbancy was recorded after pronounced ataxia after xylocaine/ketamine combination. Significant changes in hematobiochemical parameters were observed in both groups.
It was concluded that epidural administration of xylocaine-ketamine combination resulted in more reliable onset and duration of perineal analgesia in camels as compared with xylocaine alone.

Key words: camel; epidural analgesia; xylocaine; xylocaine-ketamine.


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Export to
Export to
Related Records
 Articles by AbdEl-Maksoud A. Ebaid
Articles by Mahmoud H. El-Kammar
Articles by Howaida M. Abu-Ahmed
Articles by Ahmed S. Korritum
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 69
Downloaded: 33
Cited: 0

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Ebaid AA, El-Kammar MH, Abu-Ahmed HM, Korritum AS. Comparative efficiency of lidocaine or lidocaine-ketamine combination for epidural analgesia in camels. AJVS. 2017; 55(1): 142-146. doi:10.5455/ajvs.263071


Web Style

Ebaid AA, El-Kammar MH, Abu-Ahmed HM, Korritum AS. Comparative efficiency of lidocaine or lidocaine-ketamine combination for epidural analgesia in camels. http://www.alexjvs.com//?mno=263071 [Access: December 18, 2017]. doi:10.5455/ajvs.263071


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ebaid AA, El-Kammar MH, Abu-Ahmed HM, Korritum AS. Comparative efficiency of lidocaine or lidocaine-ketamine combination for epidural analgesia in camels. AJVS. 2017; 55(1): 142-146. doi:10.5455/ajvs.263071



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ebaid AA, El-Kammar MH, Abu-Ahmed HM, Korritum AS. Comparative efficiency of lidocaine or lidocaine-ketamine combination for epidural analgesia in camels. AJVS. (2017), [cited December 18, 2017]; 55(1): 142-146. doi:10.5455/ajvs.263071



Harvard Style

Ebaid, A. A., El-Kammar, M. H., Abu-Ahmed, H. M. & Korritum, A. S. (2017) Comparative efficiency of lidocaine or lidocaine-ketamine combination for epidural analgesia in camels. AJVS, 55 (1), 142-146. doi:10.5455/ajvs.263071



Turabian Style

Ebaid, AbdEl-Maksoud A., Mahmoud H. El-Kammar, Howaida M. Abu-Ahmed, and Ahmed S. Korritum. 2017. Comparative efficiency of lidocaine or lidocaine-ketamine combination for epidural analgesia in camels. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 55 (1), 142-146. doi:10.5455/ajvs.263071



Chicago Style

Ebaid, AbdEl-Maksoud A., Mahmoud H. El-Kammar, Howaida M. Abu-Ahmed, and Ahmed S. Korritum. "Comparative efficiency of lidocaine or lidocaine-ketamine combination for epidural analgesia in camels." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 55 (2017), 142-146. doi:10.5455/ajvs.263071



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ebaid, AbdEl-Maksoud A., Mahmoud H. El-Kammar, Howaida M. Abu-Ahmed, and Ahmed S. Korritum. "Comparative efficiency of lidocaine or lidocaine-ketamine combination for epidural analgesia in camels." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 55.1 (2017), 142-146. Print. doi:10.5455/ajvs.263071



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ebaid, A. A., El-Kammar, M. H., Abu-Ahmed, H. M. & Korritum, A. S. (2017) Comparative efficiency of lidocaine or lidocaine-ketamine combination for epidural analgesia in camels. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 55 (1), 142-146. doi:10.5455/ajvs.263071





Most Viewed Articles
  • Assessment of The Efficiency of Some Chemical Disinfectants Used in poultry Farms Against Coccidiosis
    Hamed Abdel tawab Samaha, Yasser Nasr Haggag, Mohammed Al sayed Nossair, Heba Mohammed Habib
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 82-90
    » Abstract & References

  • Physiological and Oxidative Stress Biomarkers in the Freshwater Nile Tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus L., exposed to sublethal doses of cadmium
    Ahmed M. EL-Gazzar, Khalid E. Ashry, Yasser S. El-Sayed
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 29-43
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48333

  • Influence of Combined Administration of Turmeric and Black seed on Selected Biochemical Parameters of Diabetic Rats
    Sabry M. El-Bahr, Nabil M. Taha, Mahdy A. Korshom, Abd EL-Wahab A. Mandour, Mohamed A. Lebda
    AJVS. 2014; 41(1): 19-27
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.154650

  • Surgical and Histological Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Propolis on Wound Healing
    Ramadan El Sayed Abd Elwahed, Mahmoud Hussein El Kammar, Islam Reda Edrees
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 52-63
    » Abstract & References

  • Molecular Characterization of Listeria Species Isolated from Frozen Fish
    Gaber S. Abdellrazeq, Ayman M. Kamar, Samya M. El-Houshy
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 1-15
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.45443

  • Evaluation of a Rapid Immunochromatographic Test for Detection of Brucella Abortus Antibodies in Egyptian Cattle Sera and Milk
    Tharwat M. Elshemey, Amir H. Abd-Elrahman
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 24-28
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.47307

  • Effect of Lead Toxicity on Mineral Metabolism and Immunological Factors in Rats
    Nabil M Taha, Mahdy S. Korshom, abd El-Wahab M Mandour, Mohamed A Lebdah, Eman S aladham
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 64-73
    » Abstract & References

  • Antigenic Variations of Infectious Bronchitis Virus from Broiler flocks in Al Behera Governorate
    Sarah E. AlBeltagi, Helmy A. Torky, Mahmoud E. Seddeek
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 44-51
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.46652

  • Growth Performance, Blood Parameters, Immune response and Carcass Traits of Broiler Chicks Fed on Graded Levels of Wheat Instead of Corn without or With Enzyme Supplementation
    Mohamed I. El-Katcha, Mosaad A. Soltan, Hany F. El-Kanwy, EL-syaed R. kawarie
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 95-111
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48232

  • Improving Production Traits for El-salam and Mandarah Chicken Strains by Crossing I- Estimation of Crossbreeding Effects for Growth Production Traits
    Ayman El-Sayed Taha, Fawzy Ali Abd El-Ghany
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 18-30
    » Abstract & References

  • Most Downloaded
  • Physiological and Oxidative Stress Biomarkers in the Freshwater Nile Tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus L., exposed to sublethal doses of cadmium
    Ahmed M. EL-Gazzar, Khalid E. Ashry, Yasser S. El-Sayed
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 29-43
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48333

  • Molecular Characterization of Listeria Species Isolated from Frozen Fish
    Gaber S. Abdellrazeq, Ayman M. Kamar, Samya M. El-Houshy
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 1-15
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.45443

  • Assessment of The Efficiency of Some Chemical Disinfectants Used in poultry Farms Against Coccidiosis
    Hamed Abdel tawab Samaha, Yasser Nasr Haggag, Mohammed Al sayed Nossair, Heba Mohammed Habib
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 82-90
    » Abstract & References

  • Antigenic Variations of Infectious Bronchitis Virus from Broiler flocks in Al Behera Governorate
    Sarah E. AlBeltagi, Helmy A. Torky, Mahmoud E. Seddeek
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 44-51
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.46652

  • Effect of Lead Toxicity on Mineral Metabolism and Immunological Factors in Rats
    Nabil M Taha, Mahdy S. Korshom, abd El-Wahab M Mandour, Mohamed A Lebdah, Eman S aladham
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 64-73
    » Abstract & References

  • Growth Performance, Blood Parameters, Immune response and Carcass Traits of Broiler Chicks Fed on Graded Levels of Wheat Instead of Corn without or With Enzyme Supplementation
    Mohamed I. El-Katcha, Mosaad A. Soltan, Hany F. El-Kanwy, EL-syaed R. kawarie
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 95-111
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48232

  • Evaluation of a Rapid Immunochromatographic Test for Detection of Brucella Abortus Antibodies in Egyptian Cattle Sera and Milk
    Tharwat M. Elshemey, Amir H. Abd-Elrahman
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 24-28
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.47307

  • Aerobic Bacteria Associated with Omphalitis of Chicks [English]
    Khalil, S. A. and Einas, El-Shamy
    AJVS. 2012; 37(1): 69-77
    » Abstract

  • Surgical and Histological Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Propolis on Wound Healing
    Ramadan El Sayed Abd Elwahed, Mahmoud Hussein El Kammar, Islam Reda Edrees
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 52-63
    » Abstract & References

  • Using Double Dose of GnRH for Reducing Incidence of Cystic Ovaries in Cows
    Wael MB Noseir, Kamal K Metwally, Negm N Shaker
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 124-132
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.40648

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Antifibrotic Effect of Curcumin on Thioacetamide Induced Liver Fibrosis
    Suzan E. Abdou, Nabil M. Taha, Abd El-Wahab A. Mandour, Mohamed A. Lebda, Hanaa R. El Hofi, Amany MSE El-Morshedy
    AJVS. 2015; 45(1): 43-50
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.179458
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Physiological and Oxidative Stress Biomarkers in the Freshwater Nile Tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus L., exposed to sublethal doses of cadmium
    Ahmed M. EL-Gazzar, Khalid E. Ashry, Yasser S. El-Sayed
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 29-43
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48333
    Cited : 3 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Enumeration and Characterization of Aeromonas spp. Isolated from Milk and Some Dairy Products in Sharkia Governorate, Egypt
    Nagwa I. ElBalat, Salah F. Abd-ElAal, Madeha A. Ayoub, Magdy S. Elsayed
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 52-64
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.49073
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Comparison of Lidocaine and Lidocaine–Neostigmine for Epidural Analgesia in Water Buffalo Calves (Bubalus Bubalis)
    Alaa Ghazy, Ayman Atiba, Mustafa Shukry, Tarek Kamal
    AJVS. 2015; 46(1): 177-181
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.198171
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • The Growth Promoting Effect of Beta-glucan in Comparison with Sodium Butyrate in Broiler Chicks
    Abd El-Salam F. El-Sawy, Zeynab Kh. El-Maddawy, Hawary S. Ibrahiem and El-Sadeq Bo-Ghazel
    AJVS. 2015; 44(1): 23-37
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.163992
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Association of Hsp70 Gene Polymorphism And Bull Semen Quality In Winter And Summer Seasons
    Jehan A. Gafer, Ghada H. Abd El-Rahman, Rawash Z. M.
    AJVS. 2015; 46(1): 1-14
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.186038
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Enterobacteriaceae In Beef Products (Luncheon, Pasterma, Frankfurter and Minced meat) from Alexandria Retail Outlets
    Noha M. El-Gendy, Hossam A. Ibrahim, Nahla A. Al-Shabasy, and Ibrahim A. Samaha
    AJVS. 2014; 41(1): 80-86
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.151171
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Evaluation of a Rapid Immunochromatographic Test for Detection of Brucella Abortus Antibodies in Egyptian Cattle Sera and Milk
    Tharwat M. Elshemey, Amir H. Abd-Elrahman
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 24-28
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.47307
    Cited : 1 time [Click to see citing article]

  • Incidence of Yersinia Enterocolitica and Yersinia Pseudotuberculosis in Raw Milk Samples of Different Animal Species Using Conventional and Molecular Methods
    Samah F. Darwish, Hanaa A.E. Asfour and Hanaa A. Allam
    AJVS. 2015; 44(1): 174-185
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.176360
    Cited : 1 time [Click to see citing article]

  • Prevalence of Some Pathogens in a Population of Zoo Animals
    Mostafa A. Mahmoud
    AJVS. 2015; 45(1): 139-145
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.184003
    Cited : 1 time [Click to see citing article]