E-ISSN 2536-9520 | ISSN 1110-2047
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Evaluation Of An Enzyme Immunoassay For Hepatitis C Virus Core Antigen As A Diagnostic Test For Detection Of Hepatitis C Virus Infection In Comparison To Real-Time RT-PCR

Nermeen El-Kholy, Samy Kasem, Samy Khalil, Ahmed Amin.

Abstract
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a global public health care problem. Diagnosis of HCV infection was mainly based on the detection of anti-HCV antibodies as a screening test with serum samples and detection of HCV RNA by using RT-PCR, which considered as a golden standard test. In this study, we compared the HCV core antigen test with the HCV RNA assay for confirming anti-HCV results to determine whether the HCV core antigen test may be used as an alternative confirmatory test to the HCV RNA test and to assess the diagnostic values of the total HCV core antigen test by determining the diagnostic specificity and sensitivity rates compared with the HCV RNA test. Sera from 100 patients were analyzed for anti-HCV and HCV core antigen both with the ELISA and with the molecular HCV RNA assay consisting of a real time-PCR method as a confirmatory test. The diagnostic sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of the HCV core antigen assay compared to the HCV RNA test were 76.1%, 86.2%, 80%, and 82.5%, respectively. The HCV core antigen levels showed a poor correlation with those from the HCV RNA quantification (r = 0.321, p= 0.079). In conclusion, the core antigen detection test can be more valuable in HCV diagnosis than anti-HCV antibodies but it cannot replace HCV RNA in confirmation of the diagnosis of HCV because the sensitivity of the HCV core antigen detection assay is significantly lower than that of PCR-based methods.

Key words: HCV, Egypt, ELISA, PCR, HCV core ag


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Nermeen El-Kholy
Articles by Samy Kasem
Articles by Samy Khalil
Articles by Ahmed Amin
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 665
Downloaded: 157
Cited: 0

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

El-Kholy N, Kasem S, Khalil S, Amin A. Evaluation Of An Enzyme Immunoassay For Hepatitis C Virus Core Antigen As A Diagnostic Test For Detection Of Hepatitis C Virus Infection In Comparison To Real-Time RT-PCR. AJVS. 2017; 55(1): 91-98. doi:10.5455/ajvs.271779


Web Style

El-Kholy N, Kasem S, Khalil S, Amin A. Evaluation Of An Enzyme Immunoassay For Hepatitis C Virus Core Antigen As A Diagnostic Test For Detection Of Hepatitis C Virus Infection In Comparison To Real-Time RT-PCR. http://www.alexjvs.com/?mno=271779 [Access: October 15, 2018]. doi:10.5455/ajvs.271779


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

El-Kholy N, Kasem S, Khalil S, Amin A. Evaluation Of An Enzyme Immunoassay For Hepatitis C Virus Core Antigen As A Diagnostic Test For Detection Of Hepatitis C Virus Infection In Comparison To Real-Time RT-PCR. AJVS. 2017; 55(1): 91-98. doi:10.5455/ajvs.271779



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

El-Kholy N, Kasem S, Khalil S, Amin A. Evaluation Of An Enzyme Immunoassay For Hepatitis C Virus Core Antigen As A Diagnostic Test For Detection Of Hepatitis C Virus Infection In Comparison To Real-Time RT-PCR. AJVS. (2017), [cited October 15, 2018]; 55(1): 91-98. doi:10.5455/ajvs.271779



Harvard Style

El-Kholy, N., Kasem, S., Khalil, S. & Amin, A. (2017) Evaluation Of An Enzyme Immunoassay For Hepatitis C Virus Core Antigen As A Diagnostic Test For Detection Of Hepatitis C Virus Infection In Comparison To Real-Time RT-PCR. AJVS, 55 (1), 91-98. doi:10.5455/ajvs.271779



Turabian Style

El-Kholy, Nermeen, Samy Kasem, Samy Khalil, and Ahmed Amin. 2017. Evaluation Of An Enzyme Immunoassay For Hepatitis C Virus Core Antigen As A Diagnostic Test For Detection Of Hepatitis C Virus Infection In Comparison To Real-Time RT-PCR. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 55 (1), 91-98. doi:10.5455/ajvs.271779



Chicago Style

El-Kholy, Nermeen, Samy Kasem, Samy Khalil, and Ahmed Amin. "Evaluation Of An Enzyme Immunoassay For Hepatitis C Virus Core Antigen As A Diagnostic Test For Detection Of Hepatitis C Virus Infection In Comparison To Real-Time RT-PCR." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 55 (2017), 91-98. doi:10.5455/ajvs.271779



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

El-Kholy, Nermeen, Samy Kasem, Samy Khalil, and Ahmed Amin. "Evaluation Of An Enzyme Immunoassay For Hepatitis C Virus Core Antigen As A Diagnostic Test For Detection Of Hepatitis C Virus Infection In Comparison To Real-Time RT-PCR." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 55.1 (2017), 91-98. Print. doi:10.5455/ajvs.271779



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

El-Kholy, N., Kasem, S., Khalil, S. & Amin, A. (2017) Evaluation Of An Enzyme Immunoassay For Hepatitis C Virus Core Antigen As A Diagnostic Test For Detection Of Hepatitis C Virus Infection In Comparison To Real-Time RT-PCR. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 55 (1), 91-98. doi:10.5455/ajvs.271779





Most Viewed Articles
  • Assessment of The Efficiency of Some Chemical Disinfectants Used in poultry Farms Against Coccidiosis
    Hamed Abdel tawab Samaha, Yasser Nasr Haggag, Mohammed Al sayed Nossair, Heba Mohammed Habib
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 82-90
    » Abstract & References

  • Physiological and Oxidative Stress Biomarkers in the Freshwater Nile Tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus L., exposed to sublethal doses of cadmium
    Ahmed M. EL-Gazzar, Khalid E. Ashry, Yasser S. El-Sayed
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 29-43
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48333

  • Influence of Combined Administration of Turmeric and Black seed on Selected Biochemical Parameters of Diabetic Rats
    Sabry M. El-Bahr, Nabil M. Taha, Mahdy A. Korshom, Abd EL-Wahab A. Mandour, Mohamed A. Lebda
    AJVS. 2014; 41(1): 19-27
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.154650

  • Molecular Characterization of Listeria Species Isolated from Frozen Fish
    Gaber S. Abdellrazeq, Ayman M. Kamar, Samya M. El-Houshy
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 1-15
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.45443

  • Surgical and Histological Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Propolis on Wound Healing
    Ramadan El Sayed Abd Elwahed, Mahmoud Hussein El Kammar, Islam Reda Edrees
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 52-63
    » Abstract & References

  • Growth Performance, Blood Parameters, Immune response and Carcass Traits of Broiler Chicks Fed on Graded Levels of Wheat Instead of Corn without or With Enzyme Supplementation
    Mohamed I. El-Katcha, Mosaad A. Soltan, Hany F. El-Kanwy, EL-syaed R. kawarie
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 95-111
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48232

  • Evaluation of a Rapid Immunochromatographic Test for Detection of Brucella Abortus Antibodies in Egyptian Cattle Sera and Milk
    Tharwat M. Elshemey, Amir H. Abd-Elrahman
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 24-28
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.47307

  • Effect of Lead Toxicity on Mineral Metabolism and Immunological Factors in Rats
    Nabil M Taha, Mahdy S. Korshom, abd El-Wahab M Mandour, Mohamed A Lebdah, Eman S aladham
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 64-73
    » Abstract & References

  • Antigenic Variations of Infectious Bronchitis Virus from Broiler flocks in Al Behera Governorate
    Sarah E. AlBeltagi, Helmy A. Torky, Mahmoud E. Seddeek
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 44-51
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.46652

  • Improving Production Traits for El-salam and Mandarah Chicken Strains by Crossing I- Estimation of Crossbreeding Effects for Growth Production Traits
    Ayman El-Sayed Taha, Fawzy Ali Abd El-Ghany
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 18-30
    » Abstract & References

  • Most Downloaded
  • Physiological and Oxidative Stress Biomarkers in the Freshwater Nile Tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus L., exposed to sublethal doses of cadmium
    Ahmed M. EL-Gazzar, Khalid E. Ashry, Yasser S. El-Sayed
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 29-43
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48333

  • Molecular Characterization of Listeria Species Isolated from Frozen Fish
    Gaber S. Abdellrazeq, Ayman M. Kamar, Samya M. El-Houshy
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 1-15
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.45443

  • Growth Performance, Blood Parameters, Immune response and Carcass Traits of Broiler Chicks Fed on Graded Levels of Wheat Instead of Corn without or With Enzyme Supplementation
    Mohamed I. El-Katcha, Mosaad A. Soltan, Hany F. El-Kanwy, EL-syaed R. kawarie
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 95-111
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48232

  • Antigenic Variations of Infectious Bronchitis Virus from Broiler flocks in Al Behera Governorate
    Sarah E. AlBeltagi, Helmy A. Torky, Mahmoud E. Seddeek
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 44-51
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.46652

  • Evaluation of a Rapid Immunochromatographic Test for Detection of Brucella Abortus Antibodies in Egyptian Cattle Sera and Milk
    Tharwat M. Elshemey, Amir H. Abd-Elrahman
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 24-28
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.47307

  • Assessment of The Efficiency of Some Chemical Disinfectants Used in poultry Farms Against Coccidiosis
    Hamed Abdel tawab Samaha, Yasser Nasr Haggag, Mohammed Al sayed Nossair, Heba Mohammed Habib
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 82-90
    » Abstract & References

  • Effect of Lead Toxicity on Mineral Metabolism and Immunological Factors in Rats
    Nabil M Taha, Mahdy S. Korshom, abd El-Wahab M Mandour, Mohamed A Lebdah, Eman S aladham
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 64-73
    » Abstract & References

  • Improving Production Traits for El-salam and Mandarah Chicken Strains by Crossing I- Estimation of Crossbreeding Effects for Growth Production Traits
    Ayman El-Sayed Taha, Fawzy Ali Abd El-Ghany
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 18-30
    » Abstract & References

  • Aerobic Bacteria Associated with Omphalitis of Chicks [English]
    Khalil, S. A. and Einas, El-Shamy
    AJVS. 2012; 37(1): 69-77
    » Abstract

  • Influence of Combined Administration of Turmeric and Black seed on Selected Biochemical Parameters of Diabetic Rats
    Sabry M. El-Bahr, Nabil M. Taha, Mahdy A. Korshom, Abd EL-Wahab A. Mandour, Mohamed A. Lebda
    AJVS. 2014; 41(1): 19-27
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.154650

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Antifibrotic Effect of Curcumin on Thioacetamide Induced Liver Fibrosis
    Suzan E. Abdou, Nabil M. Taha, Abd El-Wahab A. Mandour, Mohamed A. Lebda, Hanaa R. El Hofi, Amany MSE El-Morshedy
    AJVS. 2015; 45(1): 43-50
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.179458
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Physiological and Oxidative Stress Biomarkers in the Freshwater Nile Tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus L., exposed to sublethal doses of cadmium
    Ahmed M. EL-Gazzar, Khalid E. Ashry, Yasser S. El-Sayed
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 29-43
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48333
    Cited : 3 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Detection of Molecular Characterization of Salmonella enterica isolated from Chicken Meat and Its Products by Using Multiplex PCR
    Heba S. Amin and Abd El-Rahman A. Abd El-Rahman
    AJVS. 2015; 46(1): 155-160
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.196302
    Cited : 3 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Adverse Effects of Ivermectin in comparison with Rafoxanide on Male Rats
    Abd El-Salam F. El-Sawy, Zeynab Kh. El-Maddawy and Soaad A. Seed
    AJVS. 2015; 47(1): 119-128
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.198997
    Cited : 3 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Evaluation of a Rapid Immunochromatographic Test for Detection of Brucella Abortus Antibodies in Egyptian Cattle Sera and Milk
    Tharwat M. Elshemey, Amir H. Abd-Elrahman
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 24-28
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.47307
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Enumeration and Characterization of Aeromonas spp. Isolated from Milk and Some Dairy Products in Sharkia Governorate, Egypt
    Nagwa I. ElBalat, Salah F. Abd-ElAal, Madeha A. Ayoub, Magdy S. Elsayed
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 52-64
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.49073
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Comparison of Lidocaine and Lidocaine–Neostigmine for Epidural Analgesia in Water Buffalo Calves (Bubalus Bubalis)
    Alaa Ghazy, Ayman Atiba, Mustafa Shukry, Tarek Kamal
    AJVS. 2015; 46(1): 177-181
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.198171
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Effect of Vitrification by Straw and Cryotop on DNA Integrity Using Comet Assay with Reference To Brilliant Cresyl Blue Exposure in Buffalo Oocytes
    Scholkamy T.H., Samah F. Darwish, karima M. Mahmoud
    AJVS. 2015; 46(1): 117-123
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.187719
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • The Growth Promoting Effect of Beta-glucan in Comparison with Sodium Butyrate in Broiler Chicks
    Abd El-Salam F. El-Sawy, Zeynab Kh. El-Maddawy, Hawary S. Ibrahiem and El-Sadeq Bo-Ghazel
    AJVS. 2015; 44(1): 23-37
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.163992
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Association of Hsp70 Gene Polymorphism And Bull Semen Quality In Winter And Summer Seasons
    Jehan A. Gafer, Ghada H. Abd El-Rahman, Rawash Z. M.
    AJVS. 2015; 46(1): 1-14
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.186038
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]