E-ISSN 2536-9520 | ISSN 1110-2047
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


A Retrospective Study of Carcass and Organ Condemnations at a Beef Abattoir in Namibia

Oscar Madzingira, Simbarashe Chinyoka, Justin Yule, Evelyn Nanjeke Mwenda, Erick Kandiwa, Alaster Samkange, Borden Mushonga.

Abstract
AIM/BACKGROUND: This retrospective study investigated the causes of beef carcass and organ condemnations and the associated financial losses at a high throughput abattoir in Katima Mulilo, Namibia from 2009 to 2013.
METHODS: Post-mortem meat inspection records from September 2009 to July 2013 that were kept at the abattoir were analysed.
RESULTS: Of the 26,957 cattle slaughtered during the study period, 59 whole carcasses, 13,884 livers, 13,161 lungs, 406 hearts, 33 kidneys, 265 pluck, 563 spleens, 163 heads, 160 tongues and 79 intestines were condemned. Whole carcasses were condemned mainly due to generalized Cysticercus bovis cysts (40.7%) and cachexia (39%). Among the organs, livers (51.5%) and lungs (48.8%) had the highest levels of condemnation. Liver flukes and hydatid cysts were responsible for most of the liver condemnations (65% and 17.1%, respectively), while hydatid cysts (63.4%) and abscesses (15.4%) were responsible for most of the lung condemnations. Fecal contamination (68.7%) and pericarditis (19.7%) were identified as a major cause of heart condemnations. Fecal contamination (43.6%, 32.5%), abscesses (41.7%, 45%) and C. bovis cysts (14.7%, 15%) were responsible for head and tongue condemnations, respectively. About 7.5% of the tongues were also condemned for floor contamination. Abscesses (49.4%), C. tenuicollis cysts (34.2%), nodular worm (13.9%) and floor contamination (2.5%) were responsible for condemnations of intestines. Fecal contamination (98.4%), floor contamination (0.9%) and splenitis (0.7%) were responsible for condemnations of spleens. Nephritis was the only recorded reason for the condemnation of kidneys. Total monetary losses due to carcass and organ condemnations over the study period were estimated at US$143,711.08. Although there was a 0.2% proportional condemnation of whole carcasses, these were responsible for 17.5% of the revenue losses (US$25,149.44). About 65.0% and 30.5% of the rest of the revenue losses were due to liver and lung condemnations, respectively. The rest of the causes were collectively responsible for only 3.71% of the overall revenue losses. Zoonotic parasites, C. bovis, fasciolosis and hydatid cysts were identified as the major causes of carcass and organ condemnations constituting a major public health concern.
CONCLUSION: Considering the size of the local economy, the revenue losses due to carcass and organ condemnations were quite high. This necessitates education of the stakeholders and the general public on the health and economic implications conveyed by this study.

Key words: beef abattoir; condemnations; causes; financial losses


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Oscar Madzingira
Articles by Simbarashe Chinyoka
Articles by Justin Yule
Articles by Evelyn Nanjeke Mwenda
Articles by Erick Kandiwa
Articles by Alaster Samkange
Articles by Borden Mushonga
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 1716
Downloaded: 345
Cited: 0


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Madzingira O, Chinyoka S, Yule J, Mwenda EN, Kandiwa E, Samkange A, Mushonga B. A Retrospective Study of Carcass and Organ Condemnations at a Beef Abattoir in Namibia. AJVS. 2018; 59(2): 34-42. doi:10.5455/ajvs.277323


Web Style

Madzingira O, Chinyoka S, Yule J, Mwenda EN, Kandiwa E, Samkange A, Mushonga B. A Retrospective Study of Carcass and Organ Condemnations at a Beef Abattoir in Namibia. http://www.alexjvs.com/?mno=277323 [Access: June 20, 2019]. doi:10.5455/ajvs.277323


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Madzingira O, Chinyoka S, Yule J, Mwenda EN, Kandiwa E, Samkange A, Mushonga B. A Retrospective Study of Carcass and Organ Condemnations at a Beef Abattoir in Namibia. AJVS. 2018; 59(2): 34-42. doi:10.5455/ajvs.277323



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Madzingira O, Chinyoka S, Yule J, Mwenda EN, Kandiwa E, Samkange A, Mushonga B. A Retrospective Study of Carcass and Organ Condemnations at a Beef Abattoir in Namibia. AJVS. (2018), [cited June 20, 2019]; 59(2): 34-42. doi:10.5455/ajvs.277323



Harvard Style

Madzingira, O., Chinyoka, . S., Yule, . J., Mwenda, . E. N., Kandiwa, . E., Samkange, . A. & Mushonga, . B. (2018) A Retrospective Study of Carcass and Organ Condemnations at a Beef Abattoir in Namibia. AJVS, 59 (2), 34-42. doi:10.5455/ajvs.277323



Turabian Style

Madzingira, Oscar, Simbarashe Chinyoka, Justin Yule, Evelyn Nanjeke Mwenda, Erick Kandiwa, Alaster Samkange, and Borden Mushonga. 2018. A Retrospective Study of Carcass and Organ Condemnations at a Beef Abattoir in Namibia. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 59 (2), 34-42. doi:10.5455/ajvs.277323



Chicago Style

Madzingira, Oscar, Simbarashe Chinyoka, Justin Yule, Evelyn Nanjeke Mwenda, Erick Kandiwa, Alaster Samkange, and Borden Mushonga. "A Retrospective Study of Carcass and Organ Condemnations at a Beef Abattoir in Namibia." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 59 (2018), 34-42. doi:10.5455/ajvs.277323



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Madzingira, Oscar, Simbarashe Chinyoka, Justin Yule, Evelyn Nanjeke Mwenda, Erick Kandiwa, Alaster Samkange, and Borden Mushonga. "A Retrospective Study of Carcass and Organ Condemnations at a Beef Abattoir in Namibia." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 59.2 (2018), 34-42. Print. doi:10.5455/ajvs.277323



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Madzingira, O., Chinyoka, . S., Yule, . J., Mwenda, . E. N., Kandiwa, . E., Samkange, . A. & Mushonga, . B. (2018) A Retrospective Study of Carcass and Organ Condemnations at a Beef Abattoir in Namibia. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 59 (2), 34-42. doi:10.5455/ajvs.277323





Most Viewed Articles
  • Assessment of The Efficiency of Some Chemical Disinfectants Used in poultry Farms Against Coccidiosis
    Hamed Abdel tawab Samaha, Yasser Nasr Haggag, Mohammed Al sayed Nossair, Heba Mohammed Habib
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 82-90
    » Abstract & References

  • Physiological and Oxidative Stress Biomarkers in the Freshwater Nile Tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus L., exposed to sublethal doses of cadmium
    Ahmed M. EL-Gazzar, Khalid E. Ashry, Yasser S. El-Sayed
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 29-43
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48333

  • Influence of Combined Administration of Turmeric and Black seed on Selected Biochemical Parameters of Diabetic Rats
    Sabry M. El-Bahr, Nabil M. Taha, Mahdy A. Korshom, Abd EL-Wahab A. Mandour, Mohamed A. Lebda
    AJVS. 2014; 41(1): 19-27
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.154650

  • Molecular Characterization of Listeria Species Isolated from Frozen Fish
    Gaber S. Abdellrazeq, Ayman M. Kamar, Samya M. El-Houshy
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 1-15
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.45443

  • Evaluation of a Rapid Immunochromatographic Test for Detection of Brucella Abortus Antibodies in Egyptian Cattle Sera and Milk
    Tharwat M. Elshemey, Amir H. Abd-Elrahman
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 24-28
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.47307

  • Growth Performance, Blood Parameters, Immune response and Carcass Traits of Broiler Chicks Fed on Graded Levels of Wheat Instead of Corn without or With Enzyme Supplementation
    Mohamed I. El-Katcha, Mosaad A. Soltan, Hany F. El-Kanwy, EL-syaed R. kawarie
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 95-111
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48232

  • Surgical and Histological Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Propolis on Wound Healing
    Ramadan El Sayed Abd Elwahed, Mahmoud Hussein El Kammar, Islam Reda Edrees
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 52-63
    » Abstract & References

  • Effect of Lead Toxicity on Mineral Metabolism and Immunological Factors in Rats
    Nabil M Taha, Mahdy S. Korshom, abd El-Wahab M Mandour, Mohamed A Lebdah, Eman S aladham
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 64-73
    » Abstract & References

  • Antigenic Variations of Infectious Bronchitis Virus from Broiler flocks in Al Behera Governorate
    Sarah E. AlBeltagi, Helmy A. Torky, Mahmoud E. Seddeek
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 44-51
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.46652

  • Improving Production Traits for El-salam and Mandarah Chicken Strains by Crossing I- Estimation of Crossbreeding Effects for Growth Production Traits
    Ayman El-Sayed Taha, Fawzy Ali Abd El-Ghany
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 18-30
    » Abstract & References

  • Most Downloaded
  • Comparative Study of Cellular and Humoral Immune Response to BHV-1 Vaccines in Cattle and Buffalo Calves
    Fayrouz S. Naim; Samy A. Khalil and Helmy A. Torky
    AJVS. 2016; 51(2): 367-373
    » Abstract

  • Growth Performance, Blood Parameters, Immune response and Carcass Traits of Broiler Chicks Fed on Graded Levels of Wheat Instead of Corn without or With Enzyme Supplementation
    Mohamed I. El-Katcha, Mosaad A. Soltan, Hany F. El-Kanwy, EL-syaed R. kawarie
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 95-111
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48232

  • Physiological and Oxidative Stress Biomarkers in the Freshwater Nile Tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus L., exposed to sublethal doses of cadmium
    Ahmed M. EL-Gazzar, Khalid E. Ashry, Yasser S. El-Sayed
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 29-43
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48333

  • Growth Performance, Immune Response, Blood serum parameters, Nutrient Digestibility and Carcass Traits of Broiler Chicken as Affected by Dietary Supplementation of Garlic Extract (Allicin)
    Mohamed I. El-katcha, Mosad.A. Soltan, Mohamed M. Sharaf and Adel Hasen
    AJVS. 2016; 49(2): 50-64
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.219261

  • Effect of Sex, Age and Time of the Day on Vital Parameters of Apparently Healthy West African Dwarf Goats in Abeokuta, Nigeria
    Bello, S.A., Akintunde, O. G., Sonibare, A. O., Otesile, E. B.
    AJVS. 2016; 49(2): 18-23
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.209718

  • Influence of Combined Administration of Turmeric and Black seed on Selected Biochemical Parameters of Diabetic Rats
    Sabry M. El-Bahr, Nabil M. Taha, Mahdy A. Korshom, Abd EL-Wahab A. Mandour, Mohamed A. Lebda
    AJVS. 2014; 41(1): 19-27
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.154650

  • Using of Polypropylene Mesh for Hernioplasty in Calves
    Mostafa M. kassam, Mahmoud H. Elkammer, Ahmed S. Korittum, Ali A. Abdel-Wahed
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 112-117
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.47290

  • Molecular Characterization of Listeria Species Isolated from Frozen Fish
    Gaber S. Abdellrazeq, Ayman M. Kamar, Samya M. El-Houshy
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 1-15
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.45443

  • Evaluation of a Rapid Immunochromatographic Test for Detection of Brucella Abortus Antibodies in Egyptian Cattle Sera and Milk
    Tharwat M. Elshemey, Amir H. Abd-Elrahman
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 24-28
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.47307

  • Surgical and Histological Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Propolis on Wound Healing
    Ramadan El Sayed Abd Elwahed, Mahmoud Hussein El Kammar, Islam Reda Edrees
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 52-63
    » Abstract & References

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Antifibrotic Effect of Curcumin on Thioacetamide Induced Liver Fibrosis
    Suzan E. Abdou, Nabil M. Taha, Abd El-Wahab A. Mandour, Mohamed A. Lebda, Hanaa R. El Hofi, Amany MSE El-Morshedy
    AJVS. 2015; 45(1): 43-50
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.179458
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Adverse Effects of Ivermectin in comparison with Rafoxanide on Male Rats
    Abd El-Salam F. El-Sawy, Zeynab Kh. El-Maddawy and Soaad A. Seed
    AJVS. 2015; 47(1): 119-128
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.198997
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Enumeration and Characterization of Aeromonas spp. Isolated from Milk and Some Dairy Products in Sharkia Governorate, Egypt
    Nagwa I. ElBalat, Salah F. Abd-ElAal, Madeha A. Ayoub, Magdy S. Elsayed
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 52-64
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.49073
    Cited : 3 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Physiological and Oxidative Stress Biomarkers in the Freshwater Nile Tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus L., exposed to sublethal doses of cadmium
    Ahmed M. EL-Gazzar, Khalid E. Ashry, Yasser S. El-Sayed
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 29-43
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48333
    Cited : 3 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Detection of Molecular Characterization of Salmonella enterica isolated from Chicken Meat and Its Products by Using Multiplex PCR
    Heba S. Amin and Abd El-Rahman A. Abd El-Rahman
    AJVS. 2015; 46(1): 155-160
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.196302
    Cited : 3 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • The Growth Promoting Effect of Beta-glucan in Comparison with Sodium Butyrate in Broiler Chicks
    Abd El-Salam F. El-Sawy, Zeynab Kh. El-Maddawy, Hawary S. Ibrahiem and El-Sadeq Bo-Ghazel
    AJVS. 2015; 44(1): 23-37
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.163992
    Cited : 3 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • The Effect of Different Intervention Strategies to Alleviate Heat Stress on Behavior, Performance and Some Blood Parameters of Growing Muscovy Ducks
    Hebatallah E. El-Shafaei, Mohamed M. Sharaf, Rashed R. Rashed
    AJVS. 2016; 48(2): 69-76
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.209177
    Cited : 3 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Effectiveness of prebiotic as an alternative to the antimicrobial growth promoter on growth performance, blood constituents, intestinal healthiness and immunity of broilers.
    Mohamed S. Helal, Fatma M. Youssef, Mohamed K. Moursi, Waleed F. Khalil, Mohamed M. Abdel-Daim
    AJVS. 2015; 45(1): 13-25
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.179869
    Cited : 3 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Garlic Powder Attenuates Apoptosis Associated with Lead Acetate-Induced Testicular Damage in Adult Male Rats
    Nasr E. Nasr, Mostafa A. Elmadawy, Essam A. Almadaly, Walied Abdo, Mona M. Zamel
    AJVS. 2017; 54(1): 70-78
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.268149
    Cited : 3 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Evaluation of a Rapid Immunochromatographic Test for Detection of Brucella Abortus Antibodies in Egyptian Cattle Sera and Milk
    Tharwat M. Elshemey, Amir H. Abd-Elrahman
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 24-28
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.47307
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]