E-ISSN 2536-9520 | ISSN 1110-2047
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Studies on the Prevalence of E. coli in Chicken Carcasses in Abattoirs and its Antibiotic Sensitivity

Mahmoud Abd Elzaher, Ebeed A. Saleh, Reem Abd Elhamied, Dalia Talat, Madiha S. Ibrahim.

Abstract
This study aimed to estimate Butchers hands and articles as a source ofE. coli contamination in poultry meat and slaughterhouses andto estimate the effect of random antimicrobials usage on the antimicrobial susceptibility of the isolated E. coli. A total of 192 samples were collected from four poultry abattoirs in El-Beheira governorate. Samples were collected from butchers' hands, articles, carcass internal and external surfaces. E. coli was isolated and identified by culture, biochemical analysis and PCR. Further the isolates were studied for their antimicrobial susceptibility against 11 commonly used antibiotics in poultry farms. E. coliwas detected in hands (87.5%), articles(81.25%), internal(80.35%) and external (78.57%) surfaces of the carcasses. The highest antimicrobial sensitivity of the isolates were detected to Tobramycin (100%), Cefotaxime (50-75%) and Chloramphenicol (59-66.7%). While, the highest resistance was detected to Penicillin, Sulfamethoxazole and Trimethoprin, (100%), Amoxicillin (93- 100%), Cephradine and Doxycycline. Further, multiple antimicrobial resistance was detected. By PCR, 33.3% (2/6) of the samples from the internal surface of the carcasses were positive for the intimin; eaeA gene. Thus, contamination of chicken carcasses in the abattoirs with pathogenic E. coli that resists different antimicrobials poses a challenge for human food and thus human health. The use of antimicrobials as well asapplying hygienic proceduresin abattoirs are clearly a necessity for the production of healthy food.

Key words: E. coli, abattoir, chicken carcasses, antimicrobial sensitivity


 
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Pubmed Style

Mahmoud Abd Elzaher| Ebeed A. Saleh| Reem Abd Elhamied| Dalia Talat| Madiha S. Ibrahim. Studies on the Prevalence of E. coli in Chicken Carcasses in Abattoirs and its Antibiotic Sensitivity. AJVS. 2018; 58(1): 132-138. doi:10.5455/ajvs.285297


Web Style

Mahmoud Abd Elzaher| Ebeed A. Saleh| Reem Abd Elhamied| Dalia Talat| Madiha S. Ibrahim. Studies on the Prevalence of E. coli in Chicken Carcasses in Abattoirs and its Antibiotic Sensitivity. http://www.alexjvs.com/?mno=285297 [Access: August 21, 2018]. doi:10.5455/ajvs.285297


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Mahmoud Abd Elzaher| Ebeed A. Saleh| Reem Abd Elhamied| Dalia Talat| Madiha S. Ibrahim. Studies on the Prevalence of E. coli in Chicken Carcasses in Abattoirs and its Antibiotic Sensitivity. AJVS. 2018; 58(1): 132-138. doi:10.5455/ajvs.285297



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Mahmoud Abd Elzaher| Ebeed A. Saleh| Reem Abd Elhamied| Dalia Talat| Madiha S. Ibrahim. Studies on the Prevalence of E. coli in Chicken Carcasses in Abattoirs and its Antibiotic Sensitivity. AJVS. (2018), [cited August 21, 2018]; 58(1): 132-138. doi:10.5455/ajvs.285297



Harvard Style

Mahmoud Abd Elzaher| Ebeed A. Saleh| Reem Abd Elhamied| Dalia Talat| Madiha S. Ibrahim (2018) Studies on the Prevalence of E. coli in Chicken Carcasses in Abattoirs and its Antibiotic Sensitivity. AJVS, 58 (1), 132-138. doi:10.5455/ajvs.285297



Turabian Style

Mahmoud Abd Elzaher| Ebeed A. Saleh| Reem Abd Elhamied| Dalia Talat| Madiha S. Ibrahim. 2018. Studies on the Prevalence of E. coli in Chicken Carcasses in Abattoirs and its Antibiotic Sensitivity. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 58 (1), 132-138. doi:10.5455/ajvs.285297



Chicago Style

Mahmoud Abd Elzaher| Ebeed A. Saleh| Reem Abd Elhamied| Dalia Talat| Madiha S. Ibrahim. "Studies on the Prevalence of E. coli in Chicken Carcasses in Abattoirs and its Antibiotic Sensitivity." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 58 (2018), 132-138. doi:10.5455/ajvs.285297



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Mahmoud Abd Elzaher| Ebeed A. Saleh| Reem Abd Elhamied| Dalia Talat| Madiha S. Ibrahim. "Studies on the Prevalence of E. coli in Chicken Carcasses in Abattoirs and its Antibiotic Sensitivity." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 58.1 (2018), 132-138. Print. doi:10.5455/ajvs.285297



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Mahmoud Abd Elzaher| Ebeed A. Saleh| Reem Abd Elhamied| Dalia Talat| Madiha S. Ibrahim (2018) Studies on the Prevalence of E. coli in Chicken Carcasses in Abattoirs and its Antibiotic Sensitivity. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 58 (1), 132-138. doi:10.5455/ajvs.285297





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