E-ISSN 2536-9520 | ISSN 1110-2047
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Investigation of the Immune Status of Camels (Camelus dromedarius) Against Some Viral Diseases

Mohamed Karam Elbayoumy, Ahmad Mohammad Allam, Ahmed Mohamed Albehwar, Effat Lotfy Elsayed.

Abstract
Serum samples from 165 unvaccinated male and female camels of different ages were randomly collected from the local abattoir in Cairo, Egypt during the period of April 2011 till April 2012. One hundred and seventeen serum samples were from camels locally raised in Egypt and 48 serum samples were from camels raised in Mogadishu-Somali Democratic Republic and came to the slaughterhouse in Cairo, Egypt. Serum neutralization test was run to determine the presence of antibodies against Bovine ephemeral fever (BEF), Bovine virus diarrhea (BVD), Bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BHV-1), and Parainfluenza type 3 (PI3) viruses. The overall results for the antibodies detection in serum samples were 12.72%, 14.54%, 27.87%, and 18.18% against BEFV, BVDV, PI3V and BHV-1 respectively.

Key words: Dromedary camels, BRDC, BEF, SNT


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Mohamed Karam Elbayoumy
Articles by Ahmad Mohammad Allam
Articles by Ahmed Mohamed Albehwar
Articles by Effat Lotfy Elsayed
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 3464
Downloaded: 642
Cited: 0

REFERENCES
Abd-El-Rahim, I.H., Abd-El-Hakim, U. and Hussein, M. 1999. An epizootic of Rift Valley fever in Egypt in 1997. Rev Sci Tech. 18(3): 741-748. [Pubmed]   
Afzal, M. and Sakkir, M. 1994. Survey of antibodies against various infectious disease agents in racing camels in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. Rev Sci Tech. 13(3): 787-92. [Pubmed]   
Al Afaleq, A.I., Abu Elzein, E.M.E., Hegazy, A.A. and Al Naeem, A. 2007. Serosurveillance of camels (Camelus dromedarius) to detect antibodies against viral diseases in Saudi Arabia. J Camel Pract Res. 14(2): 91-96.
Burgermeister, R., Leyk, W. and Gossler, R. 1975. Untersuchungen uber Vorkommen von Parasitosen, bacteriellen und viralen Infectionskrankheiten bei Dromedaren in Sudtunesien. Deut. Tierarztl. Wschr. 9: 352-354.
Dirie, M.F. and Abdurahman, O. 2003. Observations on little known diseases of camels (Camelus dromedarius) in the Horn of Africa. Rev Sci Tech. 22(3): 1043-9. [Pubmed]   
Durham, P.J.K. and Hassard, L.E. 1990. Prevalence of antibodies to IBR, PI-3, BRSV and BVD in cattle in Saskatchewan and Alberta. Cand Vet J. 31: 815-820. [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
Edwards, S., Woods, S.B., Westcott, D.G., Emmerson, M., Jones, P.C. and Phillips, A.J. 1986. An evaluation of five serological tests for the detection of antibody to bovine herpesvirus 1 in vaccinated and experimentally infected cattle. Res Vet Sci. 41(3): 378-82. [Pubmed]   
El Hakim, U.A. 2004. Bovine virus diarrhea in camels: role of camels infected with bovine viral diarrhea virus in transmission of the disease. Assiut Vet Med J. 50(102): 106-121.
Fulton, R.W., Confer, A.W., Burge, L.J., Perino, L.J., D'offay, J.M., Payton, M.E. and Mock, R.E. 1995. Antibody viral vaccines containing BHV, BVD, PI-3 and BRSV immunogens and subsequent revaccination at day 140. Vaccines 13(8): 725-733. [DOI via Crossref]   
Fulton, R.W., Cook, B.J., Step, D.L., Confer, A.W., Saliki, J.T., Payton, M.E., Burge, L.J., Welsh, R.D. and Blood, K.S. 2002. Evaluation of health status of calves and the impact on feedlot performance: assessment of a retained ownership program for post weaning calves. Cand. J. Vet. Res. 66(3): 173-180. [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
Intisar, K.S., Ali, Y.H., Khalafalla, A.I., Mahasin, E.A. and Amin, A.S. 2009. Natural exposure of Dromedary camels in Sudan to infectious bovine rhinotracheitis virus (bovine herpes virus-1). Acta Trop. 111(3): 243-6. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
Intisar, K.S., Ali, Y.H., Khalafalla, A.I., Rahman, M.E. and Amin, A.S. 2010. Respiratory infection of camels associated with parainfluenza virus 3 in Sudan. J Virol Methods. 163(1): 82-6. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
Kennedy, W. 1915. Ephemeral fever or three days sickness in cattle. Vet. J. 71:126-8.
Paling, R.W., Jessett, D.M. and Heath, B.R. 1979. The occurrence of infectious diseases in mixed farming of domesticated wild herbivores and domestic herbivores, including camels, in Kenya. I. Viral diseases: a serologic survey with special reference to foot-and-mouth disease. J Wildl Dis. 15(2):351-8. [Pubmed]   
Rabagliati, D.S. 1924. Three days' fever or stiff sickness in cattle. Vet. Rec. 4:503-5.
Raoofi, A., Hemmatzadeh, F., Ghanaei, A.M. 2010. Serological survey of antibodies against BVD virus in camels (Camelus dromedarius) in Iran. Trop Anim Health Prod. 42(3): 411-4. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
Rosen, S.G. 1931. Ephemeral fever (three days' fever) of cattle in Palestine. Vet. J. 87:244-6.
Schweinfurth, G. 1867. The heart of Africa. Sampson, Low and Searle, London, pp 280-281.
Thedford, T.R. and Johnson, L.W. 1989. Infectious diseases of New-World camelids (NWC). Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract. 5(1):145-57. [Pubmed]   
Wilson, R.T. 1984. The Camel. Longman, New York, ISBN 0-582-77512-4.
Zaghawa, A. 1998. Prevalence of antibodies to bovine viral diarrhoea virus and/or border disease virus in domestic ruminants. Zentralbl Veterinarmed B. 45(6):345-51 [Pubmed]   

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Mohamed Karam Elbayoumy, Ahmad Mohammad Allam, Ahmed Mohamed Albehwar, Effat Lotfy Elsayed. Investigation of the Immune Status of Camels (Camelus dromedarius) Against Some Viral Diseases. AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 12-17.


Web Style

Mohamed Karam Elbayoumy, Ahmad Mohammad Allam, Ahmed Mohamed Albehwar, Effat Lotfy Elsayed. Investigation of the Immune Status of Camels (Camelus dromedarius) Against Some Viral Diseases. http://www.alexjvs.com/?mno=40707 [Access: December 12, 2018].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Mohamed Karam Elbayoumy, Ahmad Mohammad Allam, Ahmed Mohamed Albehwar, Effat Lotfy Elsayed. Investigation of the Immune Status of Camels (Camelus dromedarius) Against Some Viral Diseases. AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 12-17.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Mohamed Karam Elbayoumy, Ahmad Mohammad Allam, Ahmed Mohamed Albehwar, Effat Lotfy Elsayed. Investigation of the Immune Status of Camels (Camelus dromedarius) Against Some Viral Diseases. AJVS. (2013), [cited December 12, 2018]; 39(1): 12-17.



Harvard Style

Mohamed Karam Elbayoumy, Ahmad Mohammad Allam, Ahmed Mohamed Albehwar, Effat Lotfy Elsayed (2013) Investigation of the Immune Status of Camels (Camelus dromedarius) Against Some Viral Diseases. AJVS, 39 (1), 12-17.



Turabian Style

Mohamed Karam Elbayoumy, Ahmad Mohammad Allam, Ahmed Mohamed Albehwar, Effat Lotfy Elsayed. 2013. Investigation of the Immune Status of Camels (Camelus dromedarius) Against Some Viral Diseases. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 39 (1), 12-17.



Chicago Style

Mohamed Karam Elbayoumy, Ahmad Mohammad Allam, Ahmed Mohamed Albehwar, Effat Lotfy Elsayed. "Investigation of the Immune Status of Camels (Camelus dromedarius) Against Some Viral Diseases." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 39 (2013), 12-17.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Mohamed Karam Elbayoumy, Ahmad Mohammad Allam, Ahmed Mohamed Albehwar, Effat Lotfy Elsayed. "Investigation of the Immune Status of Camels (Camelus dromedarius) Against Some Viral Diseases." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 39.1 (2013), 12-17. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Mohamed Karam Elbayoumy, Ahmad Mohammad Allam, Ahmed Mohamed Albehwar, Effat Lotfy Elsayed (2013) Investigation of the Immune Status of Camels (Camelus dromedarius) Against Some Viral Diseases. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 39 (1), 12-17.





Most Viewed Articles
  • Assessment of The Efficiency of Some Chemical Disinfectants Used in poultry Farms Against Coccidiosis
    Hamed Abdel tawab Samaha, Yasser Nasr Haggag, Mohammed Al sayed Nossair, Heba Mohammed Habib
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 82-90
    » Abstract & References

  • Physiological and Oxidative Stress Biomarkers in the Freshwater Nile Tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus L., exposed to sublethal doses of cadmium
    Ahmed M. EL-Gazzar, Khalid E. Ashry, Yasser S. El-Sayed
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 29-43
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48333

  • Influence of Combined Administration of Turmeric and Black seed on Selected Biochemical Parameters of Diabetic Rats
    Sabry M. El-Bahr, Nabil M. Taha, Mahdy A. Korshom, Abd EL-Wahab A. Mandour, Mohamed A. Lebda
    AJVS. 2014; 41(1): 19-27
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.154650

  • Molecular Characterization of Listeria Species Isolated from Frozen Fish
    Gaber S. Abdellrazeq, Ayman M. Kamar, Samya M. El-Houshy
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 1-15
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.45443

  • Surgical and Histological Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Propolis on Wound Healing
    Ramadan El Sayed Abd Elwahed, Mahmoud Hussein El Kammar, Islam Reda Edrees
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 52-63
    » Abstract & References

  • Growth Performance, Blood Parameters, Immune response and Carcass Traits of Broiler Chicks Fed on Graded Levels of Wheat Instead of Corn without or With Enzyme Supplementation
    Mohamed I. El-Katcha, Mosaad A. Soltan, Hany F. El-Kanwy, EL-syaed R. kawarie
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 95-111
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48232

  • Evaluation of a Rapid Immunochromatographic Test for Detection of Brucella Abortus Antibodies in Egyptian Cattle Sera and Milk
    Tharwat M. Elshemey, Amir H. Abd-Elrahman
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 24-28
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.47307

  • Effect of Lead Toxicity on Mineral Metabolism and Immunological Factors in Rats
    Nabil M Taha, Mahdy S. Korshom, abd El-Wahab M Mandour, Mohamed A Lebdah, Eman S aladham
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 64-73
    » Abstract & References

  • Antigenic Variations of Infectious Bronchitis Virus from Broiler flocks in Al Behera Governorate
    Sarah E. AlBeltagi, Helmy A. Torky, Mahmoud E. Seddeek
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 44-51
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.46652

  • Improving Production Traits for El-salam and Mandarah Chicken Strains by Crossing I- Estimation of Crossbreeding Effects for Growth Production Traits
    Ayman El-Sayed Taha, Fawzy Ali Abd El-Ghany
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 18-30
    » Abstract & References

  • Most Downloaded
  • Physiological and Oxidative Stress Biomarkers in the Freshwater Nile Tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus L., exposed to sublethal doses of cadmium
    Ahmed M. EL-Gazzar, Khalid E. Ashry, Yasser S. El-Sayed
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 29-43
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48333

  • Growth Performance, Blood Parameters, Immune response and Carcass Traits of Broiler Chicks Fed on Graded Levels of Wheat Instead of Corn without or With Enzyme Supplementation
    Mohamed I. El-Katcha, Mosaad A. Soltan, Hany F. El-Kanwy, EL-syaed R. kawarie
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 95-111
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48232

  • Molecular Characterization of Listeria Species Isolated from Frozen Fish
    Gaber S. Abdellrazeq, Ayman M. Kamar, Samya M. El-Houshy
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 1-15
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.45443

  • Using of Polypropylene Mesh for Hernioplasty in Calves
    Mostafa M. kassam, Mahmoud H. Elkammer, Ahmed S. Korittum, Ali A. Abdel-Wahed
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 112-117
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.47290

  • Influence of Combined Administration of Turmeric and Black seed on Selected Biochemical Parameters of Diabetic Rats
    Sabry M. El-Bahr, Nabil M. Taha, Mahdy A. Korshom, Abd EL-Wahab A. Mandour, Mohamed A. Lebda
    AJVS. 2014; 41(1): 19-27
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.154650

  • Antigenic Variations of Infectious Bronchitis Virus from Broiler flocks in Al Behera Governorate
    Sarah E. AlBeltagi, Helmy A. Torky, Mahmoud E. Seddeek
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 44-51
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.46652

  • Effect of Lead Toxicity on Mineral Metabolism and Immunological Factors in Rats
    Nabil M Taha, Mahdy S. Korshom, abd El-Wahab M Mandour, Mohamed A Lebdah, Eman S aladham
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 64-73
    » Abstract & References

  • Evaluation of a Rapid Immunochromatographic Test for Detection of Brucella Abortus Antibodies in Egyptian Cattle Sera and Milk
    Tharwat M. Elshemey, Amir H. Abd-Elrahman
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 24-28
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.47307

  • Aerobic Bacteria Associated with Omphalitis of Chicks [English]
    Khalil, S. A. and Einas, El-Shamy
    AJVS. 2012; 37(1): 69-77
    » Abstract

  • Assessment of The Efficiency of Some Chemical Disinfectants Used in poultry Farms Against Coccidiosis
    Hamed Abdel tawab Samaha, Yasser Nasr Haggag, Mohammed Al sayed Nossair, Heba Mohammed Habib
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 82-90
    » Abstract & References

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Antifibrotic Effect of Curcumin on Thioacetamide Induced Liver Fibrosis
    Suzan E. Abdou, Nabil M. Taha, Abd El-Wahab A. Mandour, Mohamed A. Lebda, Hanaa R. El Hofi, Amany MSE El-Morshedy
    AJVS. 2015; 45(1): 43-50
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.179458
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Physiological and Oxidative Stress Biomarkers in the Freshwater Nile Tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus L., exposed to sublethal doses of cadmium
    Ahmed M. EL-Gazzar, Khalid E. Ashry, Yasser S. El-Sayed
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 29-43
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48333
    Cited : 3 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Detection of Molecular Characterization of Salmonella enterica isolated from Chicken Meat and Its Products by Using Multiplex PCR
    Heba S. Amin and Abd El-Rahman A. Abd El-Rahman
    AJVS. 2015; 46(1): 155-160
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.196302
    Cited : 3 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Adverse Effects of Ivermectin in comparison with Rafoxanide on Male Rats
    Abd El-Salam F. El-Sawy, Zeynab Kh. El-Maddawy and Soaad A. Seed
    AJVS. 2015; 47(1): 119-128
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.198997
    Cited : 3 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Evaluation of a Rapid Immunochromatographic Test for Detection of Brucella Abortus Antibodies in Egyptian Cattle Sera and Milk
    Tharwat M. Elshemey, Amir H. Abd-Elrahman
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 24-28
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.47307
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Enumeration and Characterization of Aeromonas spp. Isolated from Milk and Some Dairy Products in Sharkia Governorate, Egypt
    Nagwa I. ElBalat, Salah F. Abd-ElAal, Madeha A. Ayoub, Magdy S. Elsayed
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 52-64
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.49073
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Comparison of Lidocaine and Lidocaine–Neostigmine for Epidural Analgesia in Water Buffalo Calves (Bubalus Bubalis)
    Alaa Ghazy, Ayman Atiba, Mustafa Shukry, Tarek Kamal
    AJVS. 2015; 46(1): 177-181
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.198171
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Effect of Vitrification by Straw and Cryotop on DNA Integrity Using Comet Assay with Reference To Brilliant Cresyl Blue Exposure in Buffalo Oocytes
    Scholkamy T.H., Samah F. Darwish, karima M. Mahmoud
    AJVS. 2015; 46(1): 117-123
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.187719
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • The Growth Promoting Effect of Beta-glucan in Comparison with Sodium Butyrate in Broiler Chicks
    Abd El-Salam F. El-Sawy, Zeynab Kh. El-Maddawy, Hawary S. Ibrahiem and El-Sadeq Bo-Ghazel
    AJVS. 2015; 44(1): 23-37
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.163992
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Association of Hsp70 Gene Polymorphism And Bull Semen Quality In Winter And Summer Seasons
    Jehan A. Gafer, Ghada H. Abd El-Rahman, Rawash Z. M.
    AJVS. 2015; 46(1): 1-14
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.186038
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]