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Short Communication 


Short communication: Physico-Hematological and Serum Electrolyte Changes Associated with Pregnant West African Dwarf Doe Goat Under Xylazine-Ketamine Hcl Anaesthesia

Nnamdi H. Okereke, Rita I. Udegbunam, Sunday O. Udegbunam.

Abstract
Till date, there is paucity of information on the effects of xylazine-ketamine hydrochloride (Hcl) anaesthetic protocol on pregnant West African Dwarf (WAD) doe goat. A WAD doe goat of 2 years was used for the study. The effect of this protocol on physiological, selected hematological and serum electrolytes parameters were monitored following anaesthetic induction. Anaesthetic induction was achieved with the use of xylazine and ketamine Hcl at the doses of 1mg/kg and 10mg/kg intramuscularly (i.m) respectively. Parameters assayed was done on the baseline, during the anaesthetic induction and 24 hours post induction. Physiological parameters were taken at 0, 30, 60, 90, 120, 150, 180, 210, 240, 270 minutes while blood for hematological and serum electrolytes analyses were determined at 60, 120, 240, and 300 minutes and 24 hours post-induction for the analysis of red blood cell count, packed cell volume, hemoglobin, white blood cell count, potassium, sodium and chloride ion. During the anaesthetic induction, there were recorded physico-hematological and serum electrolyte changes which varied from the values obtained at baseline and 24-hours post induction. However, these changes could be dose dependent of the protocol experimented, anaesthetic and/or pregnancy stress. Result obtained showed that the protocol experimented was not associated with any side effects. Observational studies revealed that the pregnant doe goat was in good health, with no discharge and successfully kidded at term without any challenges. From our study, we reported a successful use of this anaesthetic protocol on pregnant WAD doe goat.

Key words: Xylazine, Ketamine, glucose, pregnancy, West African Dwarf goat


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Okereke NH, Udegbunam RI, Udegbunam SO. Short communication: Physico-Hematological and Serum Electrolyte Changes Associated with Pregnant West African Dwarf Doe Goat Under Xylazine-Ketamine Hcl Anaesthesia. AJVS. 2020; 64(1): 104-109. doi:10.5455/ajvs.44160


Web Style

Okereke NH, Udegbunam RI, Udegbunam SO. Short communication: Physico-Hematological and Serum Electrolyte Changes Associated with Pregnant West African Dwarf Doe Goat Under Xylazine-Ketamine Hcl Anaesthesia. http://www.alexjvs.com/?mno=44160 [Access: February 17, 2020]. doi:10.5455/ajvs.44160


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Okereke NH, Udegbunam RI, Udegbunam SO. Short communication: Physico-Hematological and Serum Electrolyte Changes Associated with Pregnant West African Dwarf Doe Goat Under Xylazine-Ketamine Hcl Anaesthesia. AJVS. 2020; 64(1): 104-109. doi:10.5455/ajvs.44160



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Okereke NH, Udegbunam RI, Udegbunam SO. Short communication: Physico-Hematological and Serum Electrolyte Changes Associated with Pregnant West African Dwarf Doe Goat Under Xylazine-Ketamine Hcl Anaesthesia. AJVS. (2020), [cited February 17, 2020]; 64(1): 104-109. doi:10.5455/ajvs.44160



Harvard Style

Okereke, N. H., Udegbunam, . R. I. & Udegbunam, . S. O. (2020) Short communication: Physico-Hematological and Serum Electrolyte Changes Associated with Pregnant West African Dwarf Doe Goat Under Xylazine-Ketamine Hcl Anaesthesia. AJVS, 64 (1), 104-109. doi:10.5455/ajvs.44160



Turabian Style

Okereke, Nnamdi H., Rita I. Udegbunam, and Sunday O. Udegbunam. 2020. Short communication: Physico-Hematological and Serum Electrolyte Changes Associated with Pregnant West African Dwarf Doe Goat Under Xylazine-Ketamine Hcl Anaesthesia. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 64 (1), 104-109. doi:10.5455/ajvs.44160



Chicago Style

Okereke, Nnamdi H., Rita I. Udegbunam, and Sunday O. Udegbunam. "Short communication: Physico-Hematological and Serum Electrolyte Changes Associated with Pregnant West African Dwarf Doe Goat Under Xylazine-Ketamine Hcl Anaesthesia." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 64 (2020), 104-109. doi:10.5455/ajvs.44160



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Okereke, Nnamdi H., Rita I. Udegbunam, and Sunday O. Udegbunam. "Short communication: Physico-Hematological and Serum Electrolyte Changes Associated with Pregnant West African Dwarf Doe Goat Under Xylazine-Ketamine Hcl Anaesthesia." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 64.1 (2020), 104-109. Print. doi:10.5455/ajvs.44160



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Okereke, N. H., Udegbunam, . R. I. & Udegbunam, . S. O. (2020) Short communication: Physico-Hematological and Serum Electrolyte Changes Associated with Pregnant West African Dwarf Doe Goat Under Xylazine-Ketamine Hcl Anaesthesia. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 64 (1), 104-109. doi:10.5455/ajvs.44160





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