E-ISSN 2536-9520 | ISSN 1110-2047
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Haemoparasites and Haematological Parameters of Nigerian Indigenous (local) and Exotic (broiler) Chickens Slaughtered in Makurdi Major Markets, Benue State, Nigeria

Christopher I. Ogbaje, Jerry A. Okpe, Philip Oke.

Abstract
Parasitism causes huge production losses in poultry industry particularly in the tropics and Sub-tropics through reduction in growth, drop in egg production, emaciation, anaemia, as well as mortality. A study on the prevalence of haemoparasites and haematology of chickens was conducted from October, 2017 to February, 2018. A total of 220 blood samples were collected from both local (95 samples) and broiler (125 samples) chickens at four Makurdi main poultry Markets (North-bank, Wurukwu, Wadata and Modern markets) and transported to the Veterinary Teaching Hospital Annex, University of Agriculture Makurdi for analysis. Giemsa-stained thin blood smear method was used for the screening of haemoparasites and the major haematological parameters (TBC, DLC, PCV, Plasma serum protein). An overall prevalence rate of 23.2% was recorded. Prevalence rates of 23.15% and 23.2% were recorded for local and broiler chickens respectively. Wurukwu (34.09%) market recorded the highest prevalence rate while Modern market (15.38%) had the least. Three different haemoparasites (Plasmodium spp, Haemoproteus spp and Leucocytozoon spp) were encountered with plasmodium spp (23.5% and 21.6% in local and broiler chickens respectively) having the highest prevalence rate. Infection rate was higher in male (27.2%) than female chickens (26.1%), but the difference was not statistically significant (p> 0.05). There are significant differences (p˂ 0.05) between the haematological parameters of the infected and uninfected chickens. The study revealed existence of three genera of haemoparasites in Makurdi and its environs at a relatively high prevalence.

Key words: Chicken, Haemoparasites, Haematology, Prevalence, Significant, Makurdi


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Christopher I. Ogbaje
Articles by Jerry A. Okpe
Articles by Philip Oke
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 1089
Downloaded: 29


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Ogbaje CI, Okpe JA, Oke P. Haemoparasites and Haematological Parameters of Nigerian Indigenous (local) and Exotic (broiler) Chickens Slaughtered in Makurdi Major Markets, Benue State, Nigeria. AJVS. 2019; 63(2): 90-96. doi:10.5455/ajvs.53637


Web Style

Ogbaje CI, Okpe JA, Oke P. Haemoparasites and Haematological Parameters of Nigerian Indigenous (local) and Exotic (broiler) Chickens Slaughtered in Makurdi Major Markets, Benue State, Nigeria. http://www.alexjvs.com/?mno=53637 [Access: February 08, 2020]. doi:10.5455/ajvs.53637


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ogbaje CI, Okpe JA, Oke P. Haemoparasites and Haematological Parameters of Nigerian Indigenous (local) and Exotic (broiler) Chickens Slaughtered in Makurdi Major Markets, Benue State, Nigeria. AJVS. 2019; 63(2): 90-96. doi:10.5455/ajvs.53637



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ogbaje CI, Okpe JA, Oke P. Haemoparasites and Haematological Parameters of Nigerian Indigenous (local) and Exotic (broiler) Chickens Slaughtered in Makurdi Major Markets, Benue State, Nigeria. AJVS. (2019), [cited February 08, 2020]; 63(2): 90-96. doi:10.5455/ajvs.53637



Harvard Style

Ogbaje, C. I., Okpe, . J. A. & Oke, . P. (2019) Haemoparasites and Haematological Parameters of Nigerian Indigenous (local) and Exotic (broiler) Chickens Slaughtered in Makurdi Major Markets, Benue State, Nigeria. AJVS, 63 (2), 90-96. doi:10.5455/ajvs.53637



Turabian Style

Ogbaje, Christopher I., Jerry A. Okpe, and Philip Oke. 2019. Haemoparasites and Haematological Parameters of Nigerian Indigenous (local) and Exotic (broiler) Chickens Slaughtered in Makurdi Major Markets, Benue State, Nigeria. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 63 (2), 90-96. doi:10.5455/ajvs.53637



Chicago Style

Ogbaje, Christopher I., Jerry A. Okpe, and Philip Oke. "Haemoparasites and Haematological Parameters of Nigerian Indigenous (local) and Exotic (broiler) Chickens Slaughtered in Makurdi Major Markets, Benue State, Nigeria." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 63 (2019), 90-96. doi:10.5455/ajvs.53637



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ogbaje, Christopher I., Jerry A. Okpe, and Philip Oke. "Haemoparasites and Haematological Parameters of Nigerian Indigenous (local) and Exotic (broiler) Chickens Slaughtered in Makurdi Major Markets, Benue State, Nigeria." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 63.2 (2019), 90-96. Print. doi:10.5455/ajvs.53637



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ogbaje, C. I., Okpe, . J. A. & Oke, . P. (2019) Haemoparasites and Haematological Parameters of Nigerian Indigenous (local) and Exotic (broiler) Chickens Slaughtered in Makurdi Major Markets, Benue State, Nigeria. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 63 (2), 90-96. doi:10.5455/ajvs.53637





Most Viewed Articles
  • Assessment of The Efficiency of Some Chemical Disinfectants Used in poultry Farms Against Coccidiosis
    Hamed Abdel tawab Samaha, Yasser Nasr Haggag, Mohammed Al sayed Nossair, Heba Mohammed Habib
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 82-90
    » Abstract & References

  • Physiological and Oxidative Stress Biomarkers in the Freshwater Nile Tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus L., exposed to sublethal doses of cadmium
    Ahmed M. EL-Gazzar, Khalid E. Ashry, Yasser S. El-Sayed
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 29-43
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48333

  • Influence of Combined Administration of Turmeric and Black seed on Selected Biochemical Parameters of Diabetic Rats
    Sabry M. El-Bahr, Nabil M. Taha, Mahdy A. Korshom, Abd EL-Wahab A. Mandour, Mohamed A. Lebda
    AJVS. 2014; 41(1): 19-27
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.154650

  • Molecular Characterization of Listeria Species Isolated from Frozen Fish
    Gaber S. Abdellrazeq, Ayman M. Kamar, Samya M. El-Houshy
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 1-15
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.45443

  • Growth Performance, Blood Parameters, Immune response and Carcass Traits of Broiler Chicks Fed on Graded Levels of Wheat Instead of Corn without or With Enzyme Supplementation
    Mohamed I. El-Katcha, Mosaad A. Soltan, Hany F. El-Kanwy, EL-syaed R. kawarie
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 95-111
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48232

  • Most Downloaded
  • Comparative Study of Cellular and Humoral Immune Response to BHV-1 Vaccines in Cattle and Buffalo Calves
    Fayrouz S. Naim; Samy A. Khalil and Helmy A. Torky
    AJVS. 2016; 51(2): 367-373
    » Abstract

  • Growth Performance, Blood Parameters, Immune response and Carcass Traits of Broiler Chicks Fed on Graded Levels of Wheat Instead of Corn without or With Enzyme Supplementation
    Mohamed I. El-Katcha, Mosaad A. Soltan, Hany F. El-Kanwy, EL-syaed R. kawarie
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 95-111
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48232

  • Physiological and Oxidative Stress Biomarkers in the Freshwater Nile Tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus L., exposed to sublethal doses of cadmium
    Ahmed M. EL-Gazzar, Khalid E. Ashry, Yasser S. El-Sayed
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 29-43
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48333

  • Using of Polypropylene Mesh for Hernioplasty in Calves
    Mostafa M. kassam, Mahmoud H. Elkammer, Ahmed S. Korittum, Ali A. Abdel-Wahed
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 112-117
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.47290

  • Influence of Combined Administration of Turmeric and Black seed on Selected Biochemical Parameters of Diabetic Rats
    Sabry M. El-Bahr, Nabil M. Taha, Mahdy A. Korshom, Abd EL-Wahab A. Mandour, Mohamed A. Lebda
    AJVS. 2014; 41(1): 19-27
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.154650

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Physiological and Oxidative Stress Biomarkers in the Freshwater Nile Tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus L., exposed to sublethal doses of cadmium
    Ahmed M. EL-Gazzar, Khalid E. Ashry, Yasser S. El-Sayed
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 29-43
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48333
    Cited : 8 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Growth Performance, Blood Parameters, Immune response and Carcass Traits of Broiler Chicks Fed on Graded Levels of Wheat Instead of Corn without or With Enzyme Supplementation
    Mohamed I. El-Katcha, Mosaad A. Soltan, Hany F. El-Kanwy, EL-syaed R. kawarie
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 95-111
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48232
    Cited : 7 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Detection of Molecular Characterization of Salmonella enterica isolated from Chicken Meat and Its Products by Using Multiplex PCR
    Heba S. Amin and Abd El-Rahman A. Abd El-Rahman
    AJVS. 2015; 46(1): 155-160
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.196302
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Antifibrotic Effect of Curcumin on Thioacetamide Induced Liver Fibrosis
    Suzan E. Abdou, Nabil M. Taha, Abd El-Wahab A. Mandour, Mohamed A. Lebda, Hanaa R. El Hofi, Amany MSE El-Morshedy
    AJVS. 2015; 45(1): 43-50
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.179458
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Adverse Effects of Ivermectin in comparison with Rafoxanide on Male Rats
    Abd El-Salam F. El-Sawy, Zeynab Kh. El-Maddawy and Soaad A. Seed
    AJVS. 2015; 47(1): 119-128
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.198997
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]