E-ISSN 2536-9520 | ISSN 1110-2047
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Seroepidemiological Study on Some Zoonotic Agents Associated with Fever of Unknown Origin in Human

Yasser N. Haggag, Mohamed A. Nossair, Nashwan N. Abo Treek.

Abstract
Fever is not a disease in itself but it is a symptom that indicates a disease in the body. Fever of unknown origin (FUO) was defined as a temperature of 38.3 °C or higher with a minimum duration of 3 weeks without an established diagnosis after an intensive 1-week investigation in the hospital. The current study was carried out for detection of some possible zoonotic causes of FUO. A total of 200 serum samples collected from patients attending Fever hospitals were subjected to serological examination for detection of Brucella antibodies by Rose Bengal plate test (RBPT) as well as detection of antibodies of Toxoplasma gondii, Leishmania infantum and Rickettsia conorii by Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA). It was recorded that the overall frequency of detection of Brucella was 9% and males (14.6%) showed higher detection rate compared to that of females (4.5%). In addition, the highest detection rate was observed in age group 45 – 65 years (15.9%) followed by the age group 15 - < 30 years (9.2%) then the age group 30 - < 45 years (5%) with statistical significant association between these frequencies. Also, the overall frequency of detection of T. gondii Abs was 6% and females (6.3%) showed higher detection frequency compared to that of males (5.6%) with statistical significant association. Moreover, the highest detection rate was observed in age group 15 - < 30 years (7.9%) followed by the age group 45 – 65 years (6.8%) then the age group 30 - < 45 years (3.8%) with statistical significant association between these frequencies. Serological investigation of L. infantum clarified that only three samples showed serological reaction with percentage of 1.5 %. In addition, males’ frequency was higher than that of females (2.24 % vs 0.9%) with non-significant association between them. Moreover, the age group impact on the detection rate also showed non-significant association. Finally, serological investigation of Rickettsia conorii also clarified that only three samples showed serological reaction with percentage of 1.5%. In addition, males’ frequency was higher than that of females (2.25 % vs 0.9%) with non-significant association between them.

Key words: Seroepidemiology, FUO, Brucella, Toxoplasma, Leishmania, Rickettsia


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Haggag YN, Nossair MA, Treek NNA. Seroepidemiological Study on Some Zoonotic Agents Associated with Fever of Unknown Origin in Human. AJVS. 2020; 64(2): 87-94. doi:10.5455/ajvs.64173


Web Style

Haggag YN, Nossair MA, Treek NNA. Seroepidemiological Study on Some Zoonotic Agents Associated with Fever of Unknown Origin in Human. http://www.alexjvs.com/?mno=64173 [Access: March 15, 2020]. doi:10.5455/ajvs.64173


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Haggag YN, Nossair MA, Treek NNA. Seroepidemiological Study on Some Zoonotic Agents Associated with Fever of Unknown Origin in Human. AJVS. 2020; 64(2): 87-94. doi:10.5455/ajvs.64173



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Haggag YN, Nossair MA, Treek NNA. Seroepidemiological Study on Some Zoonotic Agents Associated with Fever of Unknown Origin in Human. AJVS. (2020), [cited March 15, 2020]; 64(2): 87-94. doi:10.5455/ajvs.64173



Harvard Style

Haggag, Y. N., Nossair, . M. A. & Treek, . N. N. A. (2020) Seroepidemiological Study on Some Zoonotic Agents Associated with Fever of Unknown Origin in Human. AJVS, 64 (2), 87-94. doi:10.5455/ajvs.64173



Turabian Style

Haggag, Yasser N., Mohamed A. Nossair, and Nashwan N. Abo Treek. 2020. Seroepidemiological Study on Some Zoonotic Agents Associated with Fever of Unknown Origin in Human. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 64 (2), 87-94. doi:10.5455/ajvs.64173



Chicago Style

Haggag, Yasser N., Mohamed A. Nossair, and Nashwan N. Abo Treek. "Seroepidemiological Study on Some Zoonotic Agents Associated with Fever of Unknown Origin in Human." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 64 (2020), 87-94. doi:10.5455/ajvs.64173



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Haggag, Yasser N., Mohamed A. Nossair, and Nashwan N. Abo Treek. "Seroepidemiological Study on Some Zoonotic Agents Associated with Fever of Unknown Origin in Human." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 64.2 (2020), 87-94. Print. doi:10.5455/ajvs.64173



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Haggag, Y. N., Nossair, . M. A. & Treek, . N. N. A. (2020) Seroepidemiological Study on Some Zoonotic Agents Associated with Fever of Unknown Origin in Human. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 64 (2), 87-94. doi:10.5455/ajvs.64173





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