E-ISSN 2536-9520 | ISSN 1110-2047
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Molecular Investigations of Tetracycline Resistance Genes in Escherichia coli strains from Dogs Affected with Urinary Tract Infections

Muhammad Mustapha, Parveen Goel, Dinesh Mittal, Sushila Maan.

Abstract
Urinary tract infections (UTI) are one of the most frequent bacterial infections in both human and companion animals. Uropathogenic Escherichia coli (ExPEC), is the most common bacterium isolated from canine, feline, and human UTIs. The study aimed to investigate the occurrence of tetracycline resistance genes present in Escherichia coli isolated from dogs diagnosed with urinary tract infection. One hundred and three urine samples were collected and examined bacteriologically. Positive E. coli isolates were then subjected to antimicrobial susceptibility testing and PCR analysis. Twenty-five (24.3%) out of one hundred and three urine samples were positive for E. coli. The isolates were found resistant to tetracycline and ampicillin but sensitive to meropenem and gentamicin. The PCR assay detected tet (A) in 21(84.0%), tet (B) in 13(52.0%) and tet (D) in 3 (12.0%) of the E. coli isolates as tetracycline resistance genes. No tet (D) and tet (E) genes were found in any of the isolates tested. More studies aiming the detection and identification of the tetracycline resistance determinants genes is required to contribute to control and preventive measures against uropathogenic E. coli strains.

Key words: tetracycline, resistance gene, E. coli, dogs, polymerase chain reaction, urinary tract infections


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Mustapha M, Goel P, Mittal D, Maan S. Molecular Investigations of Tetracycline Resistance Genes in Escherichia coli strains from Dogs Affected with Urinary Tract Infections. AJVS. 2020; 64(1): 17-25. doi:10.5455/ajvs.64204


Web Style

Mustapha M, Goel P, Mittal D, Maan S. Molecular Investigations of Tetracycline Resistance Genes in Escherichia coli strains from Dogs Affected with Urinary Tract Infections. http://www.alexjvs.com/?mno=64204 [Access: February 17, 2020]. doi:10.5455/ajvs.64204


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Mustapha M, Goel P, Mittal D, Maan S. Molecular Investigations of Tetracycline Resistance Genes in Escherichia coli strains from Dogs Affected with Urinary Tract Infections. AJVS. 2020; 64(1): 17-25. doi:10.5455/ajvs.64204



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Mustapha M, Goel P, Mittal D, Maan S. Molecular Investigations of Tetracycline Resistance Genes in Escherichia coli strains from Dogs Affected with Urinary Tract Infections. AJVS. (2020), [cited February 17, 2020]; 64(1): 17-25. doi:10.5455/ajvs.64204



Harvard Style

Mustapha, M., Goel, . P., Mittal, . D. & Maan, . S. (2020) Molecular Investigations of Tetracycline Resistance Genes in Escherichia coli strains from Dogs Affected with Urinary Tract Infections. AJVS, 64 (1), 17-25. doi:10.5455/ajvs.64204



Turabian Style

Mustapha, Muhammad, Parveen Goel, Dinesh Mittal, and Sushila Maan. 2020. Molecular Investigations of Tetracycline Resistance Genes in Escherichia coli strains from Dogs Affected with Urinary Tract Infections. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 64 (1), 17-25. doi:10.5455/ajvs.64204



Chicago Style

Mustapha, Muhammad, Parveen Goel, Dinesh Mittal, and Sushila Maan. "Molecular Investigations of Tetracycline Resistance Genes in Escherichia coli strains from Dogs Affected with Urinary Tract Infections." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 64 (2020), 17-25. doi:10.5455/ajvs.64204



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Mustapha, Muhammad, Parveen Goel, Dinesh Mittal, and Sushila Maan. "Molecular Investigations of Tetracycline Resistance Genes in Escherichia coli strains from Dogs Affected with Urinary Tract Infections." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 64.1 (2020), 17-25. Print. doi:10.5455/ajvs.64204



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Mustapha, M., Goel, . P., Mittal, . D. & Maan, . S. (2020) Molecular Investigations of Tetracycline Resistance Genes in Escherichia coli strains from Dogs Affected with Urinary Tract Infections. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 64 (1), 17-25. doi:10.5455/ajvs.64204





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