E-ISSN 2536-9520 | ISSN 1110-2047
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Effects of Hypothermia on Behaviour and Biochemical Parameters of Pullets Accidentally Exposed to Wet Weather Transportation Condition

Ndazo S. Minka, Fatima B. Hassan, Joseph O. Ayo.

Abstract
Accidental hypothermia during transportation are not well studied in birds especially its physiological responses and mechanism in contrast to human. The present study investigated the behavioural and biochemical responses of 1200 Black Harco pullets exposed to accidental hypothermia during wet-cold weather transportation conditions. Behaviour, colonic temperature (CT) and biochemical values were recorded before and immediately after transportation. The on-board ambient temperature (AT, 32-37C) was recorded inside the vehicle at the front and centre planes which was higher than the AT recorded at the sides and rear planes of the vehicle (18-20C). The CT on arrival was 30-36C, while behaviour of motionless, sitting like penguin with eyes closed, soaked feathers, rigid and cold body to touch were deducted in birds located in drawers close to the air inlets which indicate hypothermia. The hypothermic birds showed a significant decrease from baseline in the concentrations of Na, Cl, K, Ca, P and activities of AST, ALT, ALP and CRT. In conclusion, transporting pullets under rainfall weather condition induced accidental hypothermia, in birds located in drawers close to the air inlets, which was manifested by behavioural changes and a decrease in concentration of electrolytes and activities of enzymes.

Key words: Accidental hypothermia, Behaviour, Biochemical, Colonic temperature, Transported pullets


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Minka NS, Hassan FB, Ayo JO. Effects of Hypothermia on Behaviour and Biochemical Parameters of Pullets Accidentally Exposed to Wet Weather Transportation Condition. AJVS. 2019; 63(2): 71-76. doi:10.5455/ajvs.64600


Web Style

Minka NS, Hassan FB, Ayo JO. Effects of Hypothermia on Behaviour and Biochemical Parameters of Pullets Accidentally Exposed to Wet Weather Transportation Condition. http://www.alexjvs.com/?mno=64600 [Access: February 08, 2020]. doi:10.5455/ajvs.64600


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Minka NS, Hassan FB, Ayo JO. Effects of Hypothermia on Behaviour and Biochemical Parameters of Pullets Accidentally Exposed to Wet Weather Transportation Condition. AJVS. 2019; 63(2): 71-76. doi:10.5455/ajvs.64600



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Minka NS, Hassan FB, Ayo JO. Effects of Hypothermia on Behaviour and Biochemical Parameters of Pullets Accidentally Exposed to Wet Weather Transportation Condition. AJVS. (2019), [cited February 08, 2020]; 63(2): 71-76. doi:10.5455/ajvs.64600



Harvard Style

Minka, N. S., Hassan, . F. B. & Ayo, . J. O. (2019) Effects of Hypothermia on Behaviour and Biochemical Parameters of Pullets Accidentally Exposed to Wet Weather Transportation Condition. AJVS, 63 (2), 71-76. doi:10.5455/ajvs.64600



Turabian Style

Minka, Ndazo S., Fatima B. Hassan, and Joseph O. Ayo. 2019. Effects of Hypothermia on Behaviour and Biochemical Parameters of Pullets Accidentally Exposed to Wet Weather Transportation Condition. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 63 (2), 71-76. doi:10.5455/ajvs.64600



Chicago Style

Minka, Ndazo S., Fatima B. Hassan, and Joseph O. Ayo. "Effects of Hypothermia on Behaviour and Biochemical Parameters of Pullets Accidentally Exposed to Wet Weather Transportation Condition." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 63 (2019), 71-76. doi:10.5455/ajvs.64600



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Minka, Ndazo S., Fatima B. Hassan, and Joseph O. Ayo. "Effects of Hypothermia on Behaviour and Biochemical Parameters of Pullets Accidentally Exposed to Wet Weather Transportation Condition." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 63.2 (2019), 71-76. Print. doi:10.5455/ajvs.64600



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Minka, N. S., Hassan, . F. B. & Ayo, . J. O. (2019) Effects of Hypothermia on Behaviour and Biochemical Parameters of Pullets Accidentally Exposed to Wet Weather Transportation Condition. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 63 (2), 71-76. doi:10.5455/ajvs.64600





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