E-ISSN 2536-9520 | ISSN 1110-2047
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Partial Gastrectomy Concurrent with Enterectomy in a Rat model: An Evaluation of Sub-Clinical Electrolytes and Haematological Complications

Amid S. Adetayo, Lawal Z. Omolola, Lawal F. Mobolaji, Abdulkadir S. Zubair, Alimi O. Alimi, Aliyu Abdulahi, Adediran S. Omolara.

Abstract
Gastro-oesphageal reflux, oesophagitis, stricture formation, haemorrhage, infection, anastomotic failure, herniation, hematoma, short bowel syndrome and nutritional deficiencies are the post-surgical complications reported to be associated with partial gastrectomy (PG) and enterectomy (E). In this study, we evaluated the effects of PG performed concurrently with E on haematology and electrolytes of Wistar rat model.
20 Wistar rats (191.08 19.58g), 5 in each group, were randomized into groups: A (Control), B (partial gastrectomy alone, PG), C (enterectomy alone, E), and D (gastrectomy performed concurrently with enterectomy, PG & E). All rats were sacrificed on 14th day post-surgery. Serum and blood samples were collected and evaluated for electrolytes and haematological changes, respectively.
We observed significant reduction in sodium ion (Na+) (p < 0.05) as well as potassium ion (K+) (p < 0.01) 14 days after PG & E when compared with E. There was a significant elevation in Red Blood Cells (RBC), Haemoglobin (Hb) and Packed Cell Volume (PCV) without significant differences in Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV), Mean Corpuscular Haemoglobin (MCH) and Mean Corpuscular Haemoglobin Concentration (MCHC) post PG & E when compared with PG and those that underwent E. A significant increase in platelets post PG & E was observed when compared with control and those that underwent E (p < 0.01).
In conclusion, post-surgical hyponatraemia, hypokalaemia, polycythaemia and reactive thrombocythaemia were sub-clinical complications consistent with partial gastrectomy performed concurrently with enterectomy.

Key words: Partial Gastrectomy; Enterectomy; Electrolytes imbalance; Haematology; Sub-clinical complications


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Adetayo AS, Omolola LZ, Mobolaji LF, Zubair AS, Alimi AO, Abdulahi A, Omolara AS. Partial Gastrectomy Concurrent with Enterectomy in a Rat model: An Evaluation of Sub-Clinical Electrolytes and Haematological Complications. AJVS. 2020; 64(1): 76-85. doi:10.5455/ajvs.69087


Web Style

Adetayo AS, Omolola LZ, Mobolaji LF, Zubair AS, Alimi AO, Abdulahi A, Omolara AS. Partial Gastrectomy Concurrent with Enterectomy in a Rat model: An Evaluation of Sub-Clinical Electrolytes and Haematological Complications. http://www.alexjvs.com/?mno=69087 [Access: February 17, 2020]. doi:10.5455/ajvs.69087


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Adetayo AS, Omolola LZ, Mobolaji LF, Zubair AS, Alimi AO, Abdulahi A, Omolara AS. Partial Gastrectomy Concurrent with Enterectomy in a Rat model: An Evaluation of Sub-Clinical Electrolytes and Haematological Complications. AJVS. 2020; 64(1): 76-85. doi:10.5455/ajvs.69087



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Adetayo AS, Omolola LZ, Mobolaji LF, Zubair AS, Alimi AO, Abdulahi A, Omolara AS. Partial Gastrectomy Concurrent with Enterectomy in a Rat model: An Evaluation of Sub-Clinical Electrolytes and Haematological Complications. AJVS. (2020), [cited February 17, 2020]; 64(1): 76-85. doi:10.5455/ajvs.69087



Harvard Style

Adetayo, A. S., Omolola, . L. Z., Mobolaji, . L. F., Zubair, . A. S., Alimi, . A. O., Abdulahi, . A. & Omolara, . A. S. (2020) Partial Gastrectomy Concurrent with Enterectomy in a Rat model: An Evaluation of Sub-Clinical Electrolytes and Haematological Complications. AJVS, 64 (1), 76-85. doi:10.5455/ajvs.69087



Turabian Style

Adetayo, Amid S., Lawal Z. Omolola, Lawal F. Mobolaji, Abdulkadir S. Zubair, Alimi O. Alimi, Aliyu Abdulahi, and Adediran S. Omolara. 2020. Partial Gastrectomy Concurrent with Enterectomy in a Rat model: An Evaluation of Sub-Clinical Electrolytes and Haematological Complications. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 64 (1), 76-85. doi:10.5455/ajvs.69087



Chicago Style

Adetayo, Amid S., Lawal Z. Omolola, Lawal F. Mobolaji, Abdulkadir S. Zubair, Alimi O. Alimi, Aliyu Abdulahi, and Adediran S. Omolara. "Partial Gastrectomy Concurrent with Enterectomy in a Rat model: An Evaluation of Sub-Clinical Electrolytes and Haematological Complications." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 64 (2020), 76-85. doi:10.5455/ajvs.69087



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Adetayo, Amid S., Lawal Z. Omolola, Lawal F. Mobolaji, Abdulkadir S. Zubair, Alimi O. Alimi, Aliyu Abdulahi, and Adediran S. Omolara. "Partial Gastrectomy Concurrent with Enterectomy in a Rat model: An Evaluation of Sub-Clinical Electrolytes and Haematological Complications." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 64.1 (2020), 76-85. Print. doi:10.5455/ajvs.69087



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Adetayo, A. S., Omolola, . L. Z., Mobolaji, . L. F., Zubair, . A. S., Alimi, . A. O., Abdulahi, . A. & Omolara, . A. S. (2020) Partial Gastrectomy Concurrent with Enterectomy in a Rat model: An Evaluation of Sub-Clinical Electrolytes and Haematological Complications. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 64 (1), 76-85. doi:10.5455/ajvs.69087





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