E-ISSN 2536-9520 | ISSN 1110-2047
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Growth Performance, Blood Biochemical Constituents, Antioxidant Status, and Meat Fatty Acids Composition of Lambs Fed Diets Supplemented with Plant Essential Oils

Shaimaa A. Selim, Hanem K. Khalifa, Hamada A. Ahmed.

Abstract
The aim of this study was to evaluate the growth performance, antioxidant status, meat fatty acid composition, antioxidant status, and health of sheep received diets supplemented with plant essential oils. Growing lambs (n= 20) were randomly allotted into four groups: control (CON) group received a fattening standard diet with no additive, the second group received the CON diet supplemented with 5g/kg DM of black cumin seed oil (CUMO), the third group received the CON diet supplemented with 5g/kg DM of cinnamon oil (CINO), and the fourth group received the CON diet supplemented with 5 g/kg DM of pomegranate seed oil (POMO) for a period of 8 weeks. The body weights of lambs were greater in the CUMO group than the other groups (P = 0.03). Bodyweight gain and daily feed intake of lambs fed diets supplemented with plant oils were not different from those fed the control diet. Lambs fed the diets supplemented with CUMO had improved FCR (P = 0.005) compared to other groups. The experimental diet containing CUMO, POMO, and CINO significantly decreased blood MDA levels (P < 0.001). Lambs fed the diet supplemented with CUMO had greater blood GPx values (P < 0.001) than other groups. Lambs fed CUMO, POMO, and CINO supplemented diets had greater serum total protein and globulin concentrations (P < 0.001), while lower serum cholesterol levels than those fed the CON diet. The ALT concentration was lower (P < 0.001) in the serum of lambs fed essential oils supplemented diets. The POMO lambs had lower serum AST levels (P < 0.01) compared to other treatments. Lower proportions of SFA (P < 0.001) and MUFA (P < 0.001) were observed in the CUMO, POMO, and CINO supplemented groups compared to CON. Dietary CUMO supplementation increased PUFA (P < 0.01) and n6-PUFA proportions (P < 0.05) compared to other groups. The CUMO and CINO groups had greater n3-PUFA (P < 0.05) than other groups. In conclusion, dietary supplementation of CUMO, CINO, and POMO was a good approach to improve antioxidant status, health, and meat nutritive value of feedlot lambs.

Key words: Lambs, essential oils, meat fatty acid, antioxidant status, blood constituents


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Selim SA, Khalifa HK, Ahmed HA. Growth Performance, Blood Biochemical Constituents, Antioxidant Status, and Meat Fatty Acids Composition of Lambs Fed Diets Supplemented with Plant Essential Oils. AJVS. 2019; 63(2): 156-165. doi:10.5455/ajvs.74620


Web Style

Selim SA, Khalifa HK, Ahmed HA. Growth Performance, Blood Biochemical Constituents, Antioxidant Status, and Meat Fatty Acids Composition of Lambs Fed Diets Supplemented with Plant Essential Oils. http://www.alexjvs.com/?mno=74620 [Access: February 08, 2020]. doi:10.5455/ajvs.74620


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Selim SA, Khalifa HK, Ahmed HA. Growth Performance, Blood Biochemical Constituents, Antioxidant Status, and Meat Fatty Acids Composition of Lambs Fed Diets Supplemented with Plant Essential Oils. AJVS. 2019; 63(2): 156-165. doi:10.5455/ajvs.74620



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Selim SA, Khalifa HK, Ahmed HA. Growth Performance, Blood Biochemical Constituents, Antioxidant Status, and Meat Fatty Acids Composition of Lambs Fed Diets Supplemented with Plant Essential Oils. AJVS. (2019), [cited February 08, 2020]; 63(2): 156-165. doi:10.5455/ajvs.74620



Harvard Style

Selim, S. A., Khalifa, . H. K. & Ahmed, . H. A. (2019) Growth Performance, Blood Biochemical Constituents, Antioxidant Status, and Meat Fatty Acids Composition of Lambs Fed Diets Supplemented with Plant Essential Oils. AJVS, 63 (2), 156-165. doi:10.5455/ajvs.74620



Turabian Style

Selim, Shaimaa A., Hanem K. Khalifa, and Hamada A. Ahmed. 2019. Growth Performance, Blood Biochemical Constituents, Antioxidant Status, and Meat Fatty Acids Composition of Lambs Fed Diets Supplemented with Plant Essential Oils. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 63 (2), 156-165. doi:10.5455/ajvs.74620



Chicago Style

Selim, Shaimaa A., Hanem K. Khalifa, and Hamada A. Ahmed. "Growth Performance, Blood Biochemical Constituents, Antioxidant Status, and Meat Fatty Acids Composition of Lambs Fed Diets Supplemented with Plant Essential Oils." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 63 (2019), 156-165. doi:10.5455/ajvs.74620



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Selim, Shaimaa A., Hanem K. Khalifa, and Hamada A. Ahmed. "Growth Performance, Blood Biochemical Constituents, Antioxidant Status, and Meat Fatty Acids Composition of Lambs Fed Diets Supplemented with Plant Essential Oils." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 63.2 (2019), 156-165. Print. doi:10.5455/ajvs.74620



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Selim, S. A., Khalifa, . H. K. & Ahmed, . H. A. (2019) Growth Performance, Blood Biochemical Constituents, Antioxidant Status, and Meat Fatty Acids Composition of Lambs Fed Diets Supplemented with Plant Essential Oils. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 63 (2), 156-165. doi:10.5455/ajvs.74620





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