E-ISSN 2536-9520 | ISSN 1110-2047
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in dogs slaughtered for food in Southwestern Nigeria and assessment of consumerís knowledge and behavior

Adekunle Bamidele Ayinmode, Olayinka Olabisi Ishola, Taofeek Adebanbo Oderinu.

Cited by (1)

Abstract
Nigeria has communities where dogs are consumed as food and there is no data available on the prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in dogs slaughtered for food. Here we investigated antibodies to T. gondii in dogs slaughtered for food in two Southwestern Nigeria states using the modified agglutination test (MAT, cut off 1:20) and also assess the knowledge, habits and practice of consumers that relate to T. gondii infection using structured questionnaire. Antibodies to T. gondii were found in 55 (19.8%) of 278 dogs with titres of 1:20 in 37, 1:40 in 6, 1:80 in 8, 1:160 in 1, 1:320 in 2, 1:640 in 0 and 1:1280 in 1. Toxoplasma gondii was significantly associated with gender and sampling location (P< 0.05), but no association was found with age and body condition of dogs. While few individuals were found to have negative behavior like eating of raw dog meat and feeding of dog meat to cat, most people in the sampling location have no knowledge of possibility of getting infected with T. gondii through eating of dog meat. This study, which, showed that dogs slaughtered for food in Ondo and Ekiti states, Nigeria are exposed to T. gondii infection, also reveals the need for proper health education of dog consumers on toxoplasmosis.

Key words: Toxoplasma gondii, Dog consumers, Modified aggulination test, Nigeria.


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Export to
Export to
Related Records
 Articles by Adekunle Bamidele Ayinmode
Articles by Olayinka Olabisi Ishola
Articles by Taofeek Adebanbo Oderinu
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 1681
Downloaded: 337
Cited: 1

REFERENCES
Dubey, J.P., Desmonts, G. 1987. Serological responses of equids fed Toxoplasma gondii oocysts. Equine Vet J. 19:337‚Äď339. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
Dubey, J.P. 2010. Toxoplasmosis of animals and humans. 2nd Ed. CRC Press Inc, Boca Raton, New York.
Dubey, J.P., Alvarado-Esquivel, C., Liesenfeld, O., Herrera-Flores, R.G., Ramírez-Sánchez, Lowry, L. 1998. VassarStats website for statistical computation. www.vassarstats.net
B.E., Gonz√°lez-Herrera, A., Mart√≠nez-Garc√≠a, S.A., Bandini, L.A., Kwok, O.C. 2007. Neospora caninum and Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in dogs from Durango City, Mexico. J Parasitol. 93:1033‚Äď1035. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
Frenkel, J. K., Lindsay, D. S., Parker, B.B., Dobesh, M. 2003. Dogs as possible mechanical carriers of Toxoplasma, and their fur as a source of infection of young children. Int J Infect Dis. 7:292-293. [DOI via Crossref]   
Hill, D., Dubey, J.P. 2002. Toxoplasma gondii: transmission, diagnosis and prevention. Clin Microbiol Infect. 8:634-640. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
Kamani, J., Aliyu, U. M., Hussaini, A. K., Goni, I. D., James, P. Y., Dauda, K. P., Henry, E. N., Peter, J., Godwin, O.E. 2010. Serosurvey for Toxoplasma gondii in dogs in Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria. J Infect Dev Ctries. 4(1):016-018. [DOI via Crossref]   
Lindsay, D.S., Dubey, J.P., Blagburn, B.L. 1997. Mechanical transmission of Toxoplasma gondii oocysts by dogs. Vet Parasitol. 73:27-33. [DOI via Crossref]   
Luciano, D. M., Menezes, R. C., Ferreira L. C., Nicolau J. L., Neves L. B., Luciano, R. M., Dahroug, M. A. A., Amendoeira, M. R. R. 2011. Occurrence of anti-Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in cattle and pigs slaughtered, State of Rio de Janeiro. Rev Bras Parasitol Vet. 20 (4): 351-353. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
Meireles, L.R., Galisteo, A.J., Pompeu, E., Andrade, H.F. 2004. Toxoplasma gondii spreading in an urban area evaluated by seroprevalence in free-living cats and dogs. Trop Med Int Health. 9:876-881. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
Salb, A.L., Barkema, H.W., Elkin, B.T., Thompson, R., Whiteside, D.P., Black,S.R., Dubey, J.P., Kutz, S.J. 2008. Dogs as sources and sentinels of parasites in humans and wildlife, northern Canada. Emerg Infect Dis. 14:60-63. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
Smith, J.L. 1999. Food borne Toxoplasmosis. J Food Safety. 12: 17‚Äď57. [DOI via Crossref]   
Tassi, P. 2007. Toxoplasma gondii infection in horses. A review. Parassitologia. 49:7‚Äď15. [Pubmed]   
Tenter, A.M. 2009. Toxoplasma gondii in animals used for human consumption. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz. 104(2):364-369. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
Tenter, A.M., Heckeroth, A.R., Weiss, L.M. 2000. Toxoplasma gondii: from animals to humans. Int J Parasitol. 30:1217-1258. [DOI via Crossref]   
Yan, C., Fu, L., Yue, C., Tang, R., Liu, Y., Lv, L., Shi, N., Zeng, P., Zhang, P., Wang, D., Zhou, D., Zhu, X. and Zheng, K. 2012. Stray dogs as indicators of Toxoplasma gondii distributed in the environment: the first report across an urban-rural gradient in China. Parasit Vectors. 5:51-56 [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
Zaccheus Onumba Dibiaezue Memorial Libraries. 2013. The free Library ZODML.org, Nigeria.

This Article Cited By the following articles

Investigations on the Haemoprotozoan Parasites of Nigerian Local Breed of Dogs in Gwagwalada Federal Capital Territory (FCT) Nigeria
Research J. of Parasitology 2016; 12(1): 1.

1
 

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Ayinmode AB, Ishola OO, Oderinu TA. Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in dogs slaughtered for food in Southwestern Nigeria and assessment of consumerís knowledge and behavior. AJVS. 2015; 45(1): 161-165. doi:10.5455/ajvs.181742


Web Style

Ayinmode AB, Ishola OO, Oderinu TA. Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in dogs slaughtered for food in Southwestern Nigeria and assessment of consumerís knowledge and behavior. http://www.alexjvs.com/?mno=181742 [Access: August 21, 2018]. doi:10.5455/ajvs.181742


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ayinmode AB, Ishola OO, Oderinu TA. Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in dogs slaughtered for food in Southwestern Nigeria and assessment of consumerís knowledge and behavior. AJVS. 2015; 45(1): 161-165. doi:10.5455/ajvs.181742



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ayinmode AB, Ishola OO, Oderinu TA. Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in dogs slaughtered for food in Southwestern Nigeria and assessment of consumerís knowledge and behavior. AJVS. (2015), [cited August 21, 2018]; 45(1): 161-165. doi:10.5455/ajvs.181742



Harvard Style

Ayinmode, A. B., Ishola, O. O. & Oderinu, T. A. (2015) Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in dogs slaughtered for food in Southwestern Nigeria and assessment of consumerís knowledge and behavior. AJVS, 45 (1), 161-165. doi:10.5455/ajvs.181742



Turabian Style

Ayinmode, Adekunle Bamidele, Olayinka Olabisi Ishola, and Taofeek Adebanbo Oderinu. 2015. Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in dogs slaughtered for food in Southwestern Nigeria and assessment of consumerís knowledge and behavior. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 45 (1), 161-165. doi:10.5455/ajvs.181742



Chicago Style

Ayinmode, Adekunle Bamidele, Olayinka Olabisi Ishola, and Taofeek Adebanbo Oderinu. "Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in dogs slaughtered for food in Southwestern Nigeria and assessment of consumerís knowledge and behavior." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 45 (2015), 161-165. doi:10.5455/ajvs.181742



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ayinmode, Adekunle Bamidele, Olayinka Olabisi Ishola, and Taofeek Adebanbo Oderinu. "Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in dogs slaughtered for food in Southwestern Nigeria and assessment of consumerís knowledge and behavior." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 45.1 (2015), 161-165. Print. doi:10.5455/ajvs.181742



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ayinmode, A. B., Ishola, O. O. & Oderinu, T. A. (2015) Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in dogs slaughtered for food in Southwestern Nigeria and assessment of consumerís knowledge and behavior. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 45 (1), 161-165. doi:10.5455/ajvs.181742





Most Viewed Articles
  • Assessment of The Efficiency of Some Chemical Disinfectants Used in poultry Farms Against Coccidiosis
    Hamed Abdel tawab Samaha, Yasser Nasr Haggag, Mohammed Al sayed Nossair, Heba Mohammed Habib
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 82-90
    » Abstract & References

  • Physiological and Oxidative Stress Biomarkers in the Freshwater Nile Tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus L., exposed to sublethal doses of cadmium
    Ahmed M. EL-Gazzar, Khalid E. Ashry, Yasser S. El-Sayed
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 29-43
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48333

  • Influence of Combined Administration of Turmeric and Black seed on Selected Biochemical Parameters of Diabetic Rats
    Sabry M. El-Bahr, Nabil M. Taha, Mahdy A. Korshom, Abd EL-Wahab A. Mandour, Mohamed A. Lebda
    AJVS. 2014; 41(1): 19-27
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.154650

  • Molecular Characterization of Listeria Species Isolated from Frozen Fish
    Gaber S. Abdellrazeq, Ayman M. Kamar, Samya M. El-Houshy
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 1-15
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.45443

  • Surgical and Histological Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Propolis on Wound Healing
    Ramadan El Sayed Abd Elwahed, Mahmoud Hussein El Kammar, Islam Reda Edrees
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 52-63
    » Abstract & References

  • Evaluation of a Rapid Immunochromatographic Test for Detection of Brucella Abortus Antibodies in Egyptian Cattle Sera and Milk
    Tharwat M. Elshemey, Amir H. Abd-Elrahman
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 24-28
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.47307

  • Growth Performance, Blood Parameters, Immune response and Carcass Traits of Broiler Chicks Fed on Graded Levels of Wheat Instead of Corn without or With Enzyme Supplementation
    Mohamed I. El-Katcha, Mosaad A. Soltan, Hany F. El-Kanwy, EL-syaed R. kawarie
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 95-111
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48232

  • Effect of Lead Toxicity on Mineral Metabolism and Immunological Factors in Rats
    Nabil M Taha, Mahdy S. Korshom, abd El-Wahab M Mandour, Mohamed A Lebdah, Eman S aladham
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 64-73
    » Abstract & References

  • Antigenic Variations of Infectious Bronchitis Virus from Broiler flocks in Al Behera Governorate
    Sarah E. AlBeltagi, Helmy A. Torky, Mahmoud E. Seddeek
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 44-51
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.46652

  • Improving Production Traits for El-salam and Mandarah Chicken Strains by Crossing I- Estimation of Crossbreeding Effects for Growth Production Traits
    Ayman El-Sayed Taha, Fawzy Ali Abd El-Ghany
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 18-30
    » Abstract & References

  • Most Downloaded
  • Physiological and Oxidative Stress Biomarkers in the Freshwater Nile Tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus L., exposed to sublethal doses of cadmium
    Ahmed M. EL-Gazzar, Khalid E. Ashry, Yasser S. El-Sayed
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 29-43
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48333

  • Molecular Characterization of Listeria Species Isolated from Frozen Fish
    Gaber S. Abdellrazeq, Ayman M. Kamar, Samya M. El-Houshy
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 1-15
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.45443

  • Evaluation of a Rapid Immunochromatographic Test for Detection of Brucella Abortus Antibodies in Egyptian Cattle Sera and Milk
    Tharwat M. Elshemey, Amir H. Abd-Elrahman
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 24-28
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.47307

  • Antigenic Variations of Infectious Bronchitis Virus from Broiler flocks in Al Behera Governorate
    Sarah E. AlBeltagi, Helmy A. Torky, Mahmoud E. Seddeek
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 44-51
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.46652

  • Assessment of The Efficiency of Some Chemical Disinfectants Used in poultry Farms Against Coccidiosis
    Hamed Abdel tawab Samaha, Yasser Nasr Haggag, Mohammed Al sayed Nossair, Heba Mohammed Habib
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 82-90
    » Abstract & References

  • Growth Performance, Blood Parameters, Immune response and Carcass Traits of Broiler Chicks Fed on Graded Levels of Wheat Instead of Corn without or With Enzyme Supplementation
    Mohamed I. El-Katcha, Mosaad A. Soltan, Hany F. El-Kanwy, EL-syaed R. kawarie
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 95-111
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48232

  • Effect of Lead Toxicity on Mineral Metabolism and Immunological Factors in Rats
    Nabil M Taha, Mahdy S. Korshom, abd El-Wahab M Mandour, Mohamed A Lebdah, Eman S aladham
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 64-73
    » Abstract & References

  • Aerobic Bacteria Associated with Omphalitis of Chicks [English]
    Khalil, S. A. and Einas, El-Shamy
    AJVS. 2012; 37(1): 69-77
    » Abstract

  • Surgical and Histological Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Propolis on Wound Healing
    Ramadan El Sayed Abd Elwahed, Mahmoud Hussein El Kammar, Islam Reda Edrees
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 52-63
    » Abstract & References

  • Using Double Dose of GnRH for Reducing Incidence of Cystic Ovaries in Cows
    Wael MB Noseir, Kamal K Metwally, Negm N Shaker
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 124-132
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.40648

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Antifibrotic Effect of Curcumin on Thioacetamide Induced Liver Fibrosis
    Suzan E. Abdou, Nabil M. Taha, Abd El-Wahab A. Mandour, Mohamed A. Lebda, Hanaa R. El Hofi, Amany MSE El-Morshedy
    AJVS. 2015; 45(1): 43-50
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.179458
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Physiological and Oxidative Stress Biomarkers in the Freshwater Nile Tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus L., exposed to sublethal doses of cadmium
    Ahmed M. EL-Gazzar, Khalid E. Ashry, Yasser S. El-Sayed
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 29-43
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48333
    Cited : 3 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Adverse Effects of Ivermectin in comparison with Rafoxanide on Male Rats
    Abd El-Salam F. El-Sawy, Zeynab Kh. El-Maddawy and Soaad A. Seed
    AJVS. 2015; 47(1): 119-128
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.198997
    Cited : 3 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Evaluation of a Rapid Immunochromatographic Test for Detection of Brucella Abortus Antibodies in Egyptian Cattle Sera and Milk
    Tharwat M. Elshemey, Amir H. Abd-Elrahman
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 24-28
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.47307
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Enumeration and Characterization of Aeromonas spp. Isolated from Milk and Some Dairy Products in Sharkia Governorate, Egypt
    Nagwa I. ElBalat, Salah F. Abd-ElAal, Madeha A. Ayoub, Magdy S. Elsayed
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 52-64
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.49073
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Comparison of Lidocaine and LidocaineĖNeostigmine for Epidural Analgesia in Water Buffalo Calves (Bubalus Bubalis)
    Alaa Ghazy, Ayman Atiba, Mustafa Shukry, Tarek Kamal
    AJVS. 2015; 46(1): 177-181
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.198171
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • The Growth Promoting Effect of Beta-glucan in Comparison with Sodium Butyrate in Broiler Chicks
    Abd El-Salam F. El-Sawy, Zeynab Kh. El-Maddawy, Hawary S. Ibrahiem and El-Sadeq Bo-Ghazel
    AJVS. 2015; 44(1): 23-37
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.163992
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Association of Hsp70 Gene Polymorphism And Bull Semen Quality In Winter And Summer Seasons
    Jehan A. Gafer, Ghada H. Abd El-Rahman, Rawash Z. M.
    AJVS. 2015; 46(1): 1-14
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.186038
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Enterobacteriaceae In Beef Products (Luncheon, Pasterma, Frankfurter and Minced meat) from Alexandria Retail Outlets
    Noha M. El-Gendy, Hossam A. Ibrahim, Nahla A. Al-Shabasy, and Ibrahim A. Samaha
    AJVS. 2014; 41(1): 80-86
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.151171
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Detection of Molecular Characterization of Salmonella enterica isolated from Chicken Meat and Its Products by Using Multiplex PCR
    Heba S. Amin and Abd El-Rahman A. Abd El-Rahman
    AJVS. 2015; 46(1): 155-160
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.196302
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]