E-ISSN 2536-9520 | ISSN 1110-2047
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Organization of the Bronchial Associated Lymphoid Tissue (BALT) of The Dromedary Camel (Camelus Dromedarius)

Omnya Elhussieny, Mohamed Zidan, Ali Doughbag, Doaa Zaghloul, Karam Roshdy.

Cited by (1)

Abstract
The BALT is an organized lymphoid tissue in the mucosa of the bronchi and bronchioles that samples antigens leading to lymphocytes stimulation. This vital structure was studied in different species but not in the camel. Therefore this work studied the bronchi and bronchioles of 14 healthy camels of different ages (10 months - 12 years) using light and transmission electron microscope. BALT was regularly present in all specimens studied. It was variable in locations and structures. BALT was found in the form of patches across the circumference of the bronchial tree in the form of loose lymphocytic aggregations to a well organized lymphoid tissue with secondary lymphoid follicles. It was localized in the lamina propria and sub mucosa or even the adventitia. At the margin of BALT, several high endothelial venules and lymphatics were localized. The BALT associated epithelium was formed from ordinary pseudo-stratified columnar ciliated epithelium with goblet cells in the bronchi and simple columnar in the bronchioles. Interepithelial lymphocytic infiltration of variable number was observed.

Key words: Camel, BALT, Bronchus, Bronchioles


 
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This Article Cited By the following articles

The distributive and structural characteristics of bronchus-associated lymphoid tissue (BALT) in Bactrian camels (Camelus bactrianus)
2019; 7(): e6571.

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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Omnya Elhussieny, Mohamed Zidan, Ali Doughbag, Doaa Zaghloul, Karam Roshdy. Organization of the Bronchial Associated Lymphoid Tissue (BALT) of The Dromedary Camel (Camelus Dromedarius). AJVS. 2017; 54(1): 101-107. doi:10.5455/ajvs.246727


Web Style

Omnya Elhussieny, Mohamed Zidan, Ali Doughbag, Doaa Zaghloul, Karam Roshdy. Organization of the Bronchial Associated Lymphoid Tissue (BALT) of The Dromedary Camel (Camelus Dromedarius). http://www.alexjvs.com/?mno=246727 [Access: February 09, 2020]. doi:10.5455/ajvs.246727


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Omnya Elhussieny, Mohamed Zidan, Ali Doughbag, Doaa Zaghloul, Karam Roshdy. Organization of the Bronchial Associated Lymphoid Tissue (BALT) of The Dromedary Camel (Camelus Dromedarius). AJVS. 2017; 54(1): 101-107. doi:10.5455/ajvs.246727



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Omnya Elhussieny, Mohamed Zidan, Ali Doughbag, Doaa Zaghloul, Karam Roshdy. Organization of the Bronchial Associated Lymphoid Tissue (BALT) of The Dromedary Camel (Camelus Dromedarius). AJVS. (2017), [cited February 09, 2020]; 54(1): 101-107. doi:10.5455/ajvs.246727



Harvard Style

Omnya Elhussieny, Mohamed Zidan, Ali Doughbag, Doaa Zaghloul, Karam Roshdy (2017) Organization of the Bronchial Associated Lymphoid Tissue (BALT) of The Dromedary Camel (Camelus Dromedarius). AJVS, 54 (1), 101-107. doi:10.5455/ajvs.246727



Turabian Style

Omnya Elhussieny, Mohamed Zidan, Ali Doughbag, Doaa Zaghloul, Karam Roshdy. 2017. Organization of the Bronchial Associated Lymphoid Tissue (BALT) of The Dromedary Camel (Camelus Dromedarius). Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 54 (1), 101-107. doi:10.5455/ajvs.246727



Chicago Style

Omnya Elhussieny, Mohamed Zidan, Ali Doughbag, Doaa Zaghloul, Karam Roshdy. "Organization of the Bronchial Associated Lymphoid Tissue (BALT) of The Dromedary Camel (Camelus Dromedarius)." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 54 (2017), 101-107. doi:10.5455/ajvs.246727



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Omnya Elhussieny, Mohamed Zidan, Ali Doughbag, Doaa Zaghloul, Karam Roshdy. "Organization of the Bronchial Associated Lymphoid Tissue (BALT) of The Dromedary Camel (Camelus Dromedarius)." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 54.1 (2017), 101-107. Print. doi:10.5455/ajvs.246727



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Omnya Elhussieny, Mohamed Zidan, Ali Doughbag, Doaa Zaghloul, Karam Roshdy (2017) Organization of the Bronchial Associated Lymphoid Tissue (BALT) of The Dromedary Camel (Camelus Dromedarius). Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 54 (1), 101-107. doi:10.5455/ajvs.246727





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