E-ISSN 2536-9520 | ISSN 1110-2047
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Prevalence of Babesia species in hunting dogs in Ogun State South West Nigeria

Foluke A. Akande, Alex F. Adebowale, Micheal I. Takeet, Olugbenga K. Omisile.

Abstract
Dogs are commonly used for hunting in Nigeria and they may harbour parasites without showing any clinical features. Babesiosis is a worldwide, tick-borne, protozoal haemoparasitic disease caused by parasites of genus Babesia.
This study assessed by means of microscopy and Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR), the presence of Babesia species in 109 indigenous Nigerian hunting dogs.
One hundred and nine hunting dogs were sampled from 21 different locations, from May 2014 to March 2015 with ages ranging from less than 1 to greater than 6 years. The average weight of the dogs studied was 12.200.33kg with the mean Packed Cell Volume (PCV) of 35.20.86% and mean age of 3.010.23 years. Using microscopy 24 (22%) of the dogs were positive for Babesia species. There were no statistically significant differences in the gender (p=0.84), age (p= 0.71), weight (p= 0.45) and PCV (p=0.87) of infected and non-infected dogs. With PCR assay, 52 (47.7%) of the sampled dogs were positive to Babesia spp. Of which 18 (34.6%) were male and 34(65.4%) were females. There were no statistical significance between the presence of Babesia spp. and sex (p=0.11) also with PCV (p=0.06) of hunting dogs but there were significant differences in their ages (p=0.04) and weights (p= 0.01)
Using PCR as a gold standard the specificity and sensitivity of microscopy for detecting Babesia were 77.2% and 21.2 % respectively. The positive predictive value for microscopy was 45.8% while the negative predictive value was 51.8% with a diagnostic accuracy of 50%. The implication of the presence of the parasite in the study areas is discussed.

Key words: Hunting dogs, Babesia species, prevalence, Microscopy, PCR.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Foluke A. Akande, Alex F. Adebowale, Micheal I. Takeet, Olugbenga K. Omisile. Prevalence of Babesia species in hunting dogs in Ogun State South West Nigeria. AJVS. 2017; 54(1): 1-7. doi:10.5455/ajvs.264467


Web Style

Foluke A. Akande, Alex F. Adebowale, Micheal I. Takeet, Olugbenga K. Omisile. Prevalence of Babesia species in hunting dogs in Ogun State South West Nigeria. http://www.alexjvs.com/?mno=264467 [Access: October 14, 2019]. doi:10.5455/ajvs.264467


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Foluke A. Akande, Alex F. Adebowale, Micheal I. Takeet, Olugbenga K. Omisile. Prevalence of Babesia species in hunting dogs in Ogun State South West Nigeria. AJVS. 2017; 54(1): 1-7. doi:10.5455/ajvs.264467



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Foluke A. Akande, Alex F. Adebowale, Micheal I. Takeet, Olugbenga K. Omisile. Prevalence of Babesia species in hunting dogs in Ogun State South West Nigeria. AJVS. (2017), [cited October 14, 2019]; 54(1): 1-7. doi:10.5455/ajvs.264467



Harvard Style

Foluke A. Akande, Alex F. Adebowale, Micheal I. Takeet, Olugbenga K. Omisile (2017) Prevalence of Babesia species in hunting dogs in Ogun State South West Nigeria. AJVS, 54 (1), 1-7. doi:10.5455/ajvs.264467



Turabian Style

Foluke A. Akande, Alex F. Adebowale, Micheal I. Takeet, Olugbenga K. Omisile. 2017. Prevalence of Babesia species in hunting dogs in Ogun State South West Nigeria. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 54 (1), 1-7. doi:10.5455/ajvs.264467



Chicago Style

Foluke A. Akande, Alex F. Adebowale, Micheal I. Takeet, Olugbenga K. Omisile. "Prevalence of Babesia species in hunting dogs in Ogun State South West Nigeria." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 54 (2017), 1-7. doi:10.5455/ajvs.264467



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Foluke A. Akande, Alex F. Adebowale, Micheal I. Takeet, Olugbenga K. Omisile. "Prevalence of Babesia species in hunting dogs in Ogun State South West Nigeria." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 54.1 (2017), 1-7. Print. doi:10.5455/ajvs.264467



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Foluke A. Akande, Alex F. Adebowale, Micheal I. Takeet, Olugbenga K. Omisile (2017) Prevalence of Babesia species in hunting dogs in Ogun State South West Nigeria. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 54 (1), 1-7. doi:10.5455/ajvs.264467





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