E-ISSN 2536-9520 | ISSN 1110-2047
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Insight into The Role of Alternative Starvation-Refeeding Regime in Oreochromis niloticus Fingerlings Performance

Eman M.M. Moustafa, Marwa F. Abd El-Kader, Nagwan M. El-Habashi, Tarek M. Mousa-Balabel.

Abstract
Knowledge of how fish respond to starvation periods could provide a basis for improved nutrition, rearing, disease control and thereby help to optimize Oreochromis niloticus culture. In the current study, the effect of alternative starvation-re-feeding regime was monitored on some growth, hematological and serum biochemical parameters in Nile tilapia fingerlings; followed by checking the role of these feeding schedules in combating the disease challenge. The study was performed in glass aquariums at the aquaculture research unit, Sakha, Kafr El-Sheikh governorate, Egypt using 375 Oreochromis niloticus fingerlings weighing 290.5 gram. Fingerlings were subjected to different starvation periods (7, 10, 14, 21 days), followed by 30 days of refeeding on a commercial fish ration (25% protein). Fish growth parameters, hematological and serum biochemical parameters were recorded before starvation, before refeeding and after 30 days of refeeding. The experimental challenge was carried out to determine the effect of different starvation intervals followed by refeeding regimes on the immunity of O. niloticus fingerlings; against bacterial infection with Aeromonas hydrophila through recording mortality rates and the histopathological finding.
The collected results revealed that fingerlings can recover all the hematological and serum biochemical parameters values of all food deprived groups close to the normal level of full-fed control fish; concluding that O. niloticus can easily be cultured on suitable economic short-time feeding regime with subsequent refeeding in alternate days without any significant differences in fish size and final production (reducing the food amount and cost required for production cycle). Besides, short-term starvation prior to a bacterial infection followed by subsequent refeeding could promote the defense mechanism of the fish to fight against Aeromonas hydrophila.

Key words: Aeromonas hydrophila, Fingerlings, Oreochromis niloticus, Refeeding, Starvtion.


 
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Pubmed Style

Eman M.M. Moustafa, Marwa F. Abd El-Kader, Nagwan M. El-Habashi, Tarek M. Mousa-Balabel. Insight into The Role of Alternative Starvation-Refeeding Regime in Oreochromis niloticus Fingerlings Performance. AJVS. 2017; 54(1): 57-69. doi:10.5455/ajvs.271187


Web Style

Eman M.M. Moustafa, Marwa F. Abd El-Kader, Nagwan M. El-Habashi, Tarek M. Mousa-Balabel. Insight into The Role of Alternative Starvation-Refeeding Regime in Oreochromis niloticus Fingerlings Performance. http://www.alexjvs.com/?mno=271187 [Access: February 09, 2020]. doi:10.5455/ajvs.271187


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Eman M.M. Moustafa, Marwa F. Abd El-Kader, Nagwan M. El-Habashi, Tarek M. Mousa-Balabel. Insight into The Role of Alternative Starvation-Refeeding Regime in Oreochromis niloticus Fingerlings Performance. AJVS. 2017; 54(1): 57-69. doi:10.5455/ajvs.271187



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Eman M.M. Moustafa, Marwa F. Abd El-Kader, Nagwan M. El-Habashi, Tarek M. Mousa-Balabel. Insight into The Role of Alternative Starvation-Refeeding Regime in Oreochromis niloticus Fingerlings Performance. AJVS. (2017), [cited February 09, 2020]; 54(1): 57-69. doi:10.5455/ajvs.271187



Harvard Style

Eman M.M. Moustafa, Marwa F. Abd El-Kader, Nagwan M. El-Habashi, Tarek M. Mousa-Balabel (2017) Insight into The Role of Alternative Starvation-Refeeding Regime in Oreochromis niloticus Fingerlings Performance. AJVS, 54 (1), 57-69. doi:10.5455/ajvs.271187



Turabian Style

Eman M.M. Moustafa, Marwa F. Abd El-Kader, Nagwan M. El-Habashi, Tarek M. Mousa-Balabel. 2017. Insight into The Role of Alternative Starvation-Refeeding Regime in Oreochromis niloticus Fingerlings Performance. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 54 (1), 57-69. doi:10.5455/ajvs.271187



Chicago Style

Eman M.M. Moustafa, Marwa F. Abd El-Kader, Nagwan M. El-Habashi, Tarek M. Mousa-Balabel. "Insight into The Role of Alternative Starvation-Refeeding Regime in Oreochromis niloticus Fingerlings Performance." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 54 (2017), 57-69. doi:10.5455/ajvs.271187



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Eman M.M. Moustafa, Marwa F. Abd El-Kader, Nagwan M. El-Habashi, Tarek M. Mousa-Balabel. "Insight into The Role of Alternative Starvation-Refeeding Regime in Oreochromis niloticus Fingerlings Performance." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 54.1 (2017), 57-69. Print. doi:10.5455/ajvs.271187



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Eman M.M. Moustafa, Marwa F. Abd El-Kader, Nagwan M. El-Habashi, Tarek M. Mousa-Balabel (2017) Insight into The Role of Alternative Starvation-Refeeding Regime in Oreochromis niloticus Fingerlings Performance. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 54 (1), 57-69. doi:10.5455/ajvs.271187





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    AJVS. 2015; 47(1): 119-128
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.198997
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