E-ISSN 2536-9520 | ISSN 1110-2047
 

Original Research (Original Article) Open Access


Microbiological and Epidemiological Studies on Sheep and Goat Deaths in New Valley Governorates, Egypt

Yasser F. Elnaker, Nermin A. Ibrahim, Mohamed S. Diab.

Abstract
This study was carried out on four flocks of sheep and goats in New Valley governorate in July and August, 2015 in which 154 sheep and goats were dead in these two months after a short course of respiratory signs. It was noticed that the rate of deaths was higher in sheep (71.43%) than in goats (28.57%) and Flock (3) located in Shrq Aleuaynat district showed the highest rate of deaths by 15%. In addition, the highest rate of deaths occurred in age group (8 month) (38.31%) followed by age group (2 month) (25.975%) then the age group (6 month) (24.68%). Postmortem examination (PM) showed that the lesions were restricted to the thoracic cavity where lungs were firm, congested and lobulated with presence of straw fluid in the thoracic cavity with congestion in heart muscles and liver. Bacteriological examination of samples obtained from 13 freshly dead sheep and goats revealed the isolation of 10 isolates of Staphylococcus aureus, 3 isolates of Escherichia coli and 6 isolates of Klebseilla pneumoniae from samples of lung and liver tissues while no isolation was recorded from thoracic fluid, heart tissue or heart blood. Although bacteriological examination failed to detect of Mycoplasma Ovipneumoniae in the examined samples but PCR technique succeeded in detection of M. ovipneumoniae in two lung samples out of 9 samples at percentage of 22.22%. On contrary, Pasteurella Multocida could not be detected either by traditional culture or PCR technique in the examined samples. Antibiotic sensitivity test revealed that the recovered bacterial isolates were highly sensitive to tulathromycin followed by ciprofloxacin (CIP) while they were less sensitive to tetracycline (TE). Finally, it was concluded that M. Ovipneumoniae may be accused in increased death rates in sheep and goats flocks in New Valley governorate with other bacteria. Also, it was the first recording of M. Ovipneumoniae in New Valley governorate and further epidemiological studies were needed to determine the risk factors associated with occurrence of infection. It was suggested that Tulathromycin should be given to treat respiratory manifestations in sheep.

Key words: Mycoplasma ovipneumoniae, PCR, pasteurella multocida, deaths in sheep


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Export to
Export to
Related Records
 Articles by Yasser F. Elnaker
Articles by Nermin A. Ibrahim
Articles by Mohamed S. Diab
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 77
Downloaded: 34
Cited: 0

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Elnaker YF, Ibrahim NA, Diab MS. Microbiological and Epidemiological Studies on Sheep and Goat Deaths in New Valley Governorates, Egypt. AJVS. 2017; 55(1): 28-35. doi:10.5455/ajvs.274801


Web Style

Elnaker YF, Ibrahim NA, Diab MS. Microbiological and Epidemiological Studies on Sheep and Goat Deaths in New Valley Governorates, Egypt. http://www.alexjvs.com//?mno=274801 [Access: December 18, 2017]. doi:10.5455/ajvs.274801


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Elnaker YF, Ibrahim NA, Diab MS. Microbiological and Epidemiological Studies on Sheep and Goat Deaths in New Valley Governorates, Egypt. AJVS. 2017; 55(1): 28-35. doi:10.5455/ajvs.274801



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Elnaker YF, Ibrahim NA, Diab MS. Microbiological and Epidemiological Studies on Sheep and Goat Deaths in New Valley Governorates, Egypt. AJVS. (2017), [cited December 18, 2017]; 55(1): 28-35. doi:10.5455/ajvs.274801



Harvard Style

Elnaker, Y. F., Ibrahim, N. A. & Diab, M. S. (2017) Microbiological and Epidemiological Studies on Sheep and Goat Deaths in New Valley Governorates, Egypt. AJVS, 55 (1), 28-35. doi:10.5455/ajvs.274801



Turabian Style

Elnaker, Yasser F., Nermin A. Ibrahim, and Mohamed S. Diab. 2017. Microbiological and Epidemiological Studies on Sheep and Goat Deaths in New Valley Governorates, Egypt. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 55 (1), 28-35. doi:10.5455/ajvs.274801



Chicago Style

Elnaker, Yasser F., Nermin A. Ibrahim, and Mohamed S. Diab. "Microbiological and Epidemiological Studies on Sheep and Goat Deaths in New Valley Governorates, Egypt." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 55 (2017), 28-35. doi:10.5455/ajvs.274801



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Elnaker, Yasser F., Nermin A. Ibrahim, and Mohamed S. Diab. "Microbiological and Epidemiological Studies on Sheep and Goat Deaths in New Valley Governorates, Egypt." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 55.1 (2017), 28-35. Print. doi:10.5455/ajvs.274801



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Elnaker, Y. F., Ibrahim, N. A. & Diab, M. S. (2017) Microbiological and Epidemiological Studies on Sheep and Goat Deaths in New Valley Governorates, Egypt. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 55 (1), 28-35. doi:10.5455/ajvs.274801





Most Viewed Articles
  • Assessment of The Efficiency of Some Chemical Disinfectants Used in poultry Farms Against Coccidiosis
    Hamed Abdel tawab Samaha, Yasser Nasr Haggag, Mohammed Al sayed Nossair, Heba Mohammed Habib
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 82-90
    » Abstract & References

  • Physiological and Oxidative Stress Biomarkers in the Freshwater Nile Tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus L., exposed to sublethal doses of cadmium
    Ahmed M. EL-Gazzar, Khalid E. Ashry, Yasser S. El-Sayed
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 29-43
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48333

  • Influence of Combined Administration of Turmeric and Black seed on Selected Biochemical Parameters of Diabetic Rats
    Sabry M. El-Bahr, Nabil M. Taha, Mahdy A. Korshom, Abd EL-Wahab A. Mandour, Mohamed A. Lebda
    AJVS. 2014; 41(1): 19-27
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.154650

  • Surgical and Histological Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Propolis on Wound Healing
    Ramadan El Sayed Abd Elwahed, Mahmoud Hussein El Kammar, Islam Reda Edrees
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 52-63
    » Abstract & References

  • Molecular Characterization of Listeria Species Isolated from Frozen Fish
    Gaber S. Abdellrazeq, Ayman M. Kamar, Samya M. El-Houshy
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 1-15
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.45443

  • Evaluation of a Rapid Immunochromatographic Test for Detection of Brucella Abortus Antibodies in Egyptian Cattle Sera and Milk
    Tharwat M. Elshemey, Amir H. Abd-Elrahman
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 24-28
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.47307

  • Effect of Lead Toxicity on Mineral Metabolism and Immunological Factors in Rats
    Nabil M Taha, Mahdy S. Korshom, abd El-Wahab M Mandour, Mohamed A Lebdah, Eman S aladham
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 64-73
    » Abstract & References

  • Antigenic Variations of Infectious Bronchitis Virus from Broiler flocks in Al Behera Governorate
    Sarah E. AlBeltagi, Helmy A. Torky, Mahmoud E. Seddeek
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 44-51
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.46652

  • Growth Performance, Blood Parameters, Immune response and Carcass Traits of Broiler Chicks Fed on Graded Levels of Wheat Instead of Corn without or With Enzyme Supplementation
    Mohamed I. El-Katcha, Mosaad A. Soltan, Hany F. El-Kanwy, EL-syaed R. kawarie
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 95-111
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48232

  • Improving Production Traits for El-salam and Mandarah Chicken Strains by Crossing I- Estimation of Crossbreeding Effects for Growth Production Traits
    Ayman El-Sayed Taha, Fawzy Ali Abd El-Ghany
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 18-30
    » Abstract & References

  • Most Downloaded
  • Physiological and Oxidative Stress Biomarkers in the Freshwater Nile Tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus L., exposed to sublethal doses of cadmium
    Ahmed M. EL-Gazzar, Khalid E. Ashry, Yasser S. El-Sayed
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 29-43
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48333

  • Molecular Characterization of Listeria Species Isolated from Frozen Fish
    Gaber S. Abdellrazeq, Ayman M. Kamar, Samya M. El-Houshy
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 1-15
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.45443

  • Assessment of The Efficiency of Some Chemical Disinfectants Used in poultry Farms Against Coccidiosis
    Hamed Abdel tawab Samaha, Yasser Nasr Haggag, Mohammed Al sayed Nossair, Heba Mohammed Habib
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 82-90
    » Abstract & References

  • Antigenic Variations of Infectious Bronchitis Virus from Broiler flocks in Al Behera Governorate
    Sarah E. AlBeltagi, Helmy A. Torky, Mahmoud E. Seddeek
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 44-51
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.46652

  • Effect of Lead Toxicity on Mineral Metabolism and Immunological Factors in Rats
    Nabil M Taha, Mahdy S. Korshom, abd El-Wahab M Mandour, Mohamed A Lebdah, Eman S aladham
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 64-73
    » Abstract & References

  • Growth Performance, Blood Parameters, Immune response and Carcass Traits of Broiler Chicks Fed on Graded Levels of Wheat Instead of Corn without or With Enzyme Supplementation
    Mohamed I. El-Katcha, Mosaad A. Soltan, Hany F. El-Kanwy, EL-syaed R. kawarie
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 95-111
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48232

  • Evaluation of a Rapid Immunochromatographic Test for Detection of Brucella Abortus Antibodies in Egyptian Cattle Sera and Milk
    Tharwat M. Elshemey, Amir H. Abd-Elrahman
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 24-28
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.47307

  • Aerobic Bacteria Associated with Omphalitis of Chicks [English]
    Khalil, S. A. and Einas, El-Shamy
    AJVS. 2012; 37(1): 69-77
    » Abstract

  • Surgical and Histological Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Propolis on Wound Healing
    Ramadan El Sayed Abd Elwahed, Mahmoud Hussein El Kammar, Islam Reda Edrees
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 52-63
    » Abstract & References

  • Using Double Dose of GnRH for Reducing Incidence of Cystic Ovaries in Cows
    Wael MB Noseir, Kamal K Metwally, Negm N Shaker
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 124-132
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.40648

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Antifibrotic Effect of Curcumin on Thioacetamide Induced Liver Fibrosis
    Suzan E. Abdou, Nabil M. Taha, Abd El-Wahab A. Mandour, Mohamed A. Lebda, Hanaa R. El Hofi, Amany MSE El-Morshedy
    AJVS. 2015; 45(1): 43-50
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.179458
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Physiological and Oxidative Stress Biomarkers in the Freshwater Nile Tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus L., exposed to sublethal doses of cadmium
    Ahmed M. EL-Gazzar, Khalid E. Ashry, Yasser S. El-Sayed
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 29-43
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48333
    Cited : 3 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Enumeration and Characterization of Aeromonas spp. Isolated from Milk and Some Dairy Products in Sharkia Governorate, Egypt
    Nagwa I. ElBalat, Salah F. Abd-ElAal, Madeha A. Ayoub, Magdy S. Elsayed
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 52-64
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.49073
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Comparison of Lidocaine and Lidocaine–Neostigmine for Epidural Analgesia in Water Buffalo Calves (Bubalus Bubalis)
    Alaa Ghazy, Ayman Atiba, Mustafa Shukry, Tarek Kamal
    AJVS. 2015; 46(1): 177-181
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.198171
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • The Growth Promoting Effect of Beta-glucan in Comparison with Sodium Butyrate in Broiler Chicks
    Abd El-Salam F. El-Sawy, Zeynab Kh. El-Maddawy, Hawary S. Ibrahiem and El-Sadeq Bo-Ghazel
    AJVS. 2015; 44(1): 23-37
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.163992
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Association of Hsp70 Gene Polymorphism And Bull Semen Quality In Winter And Summer Seasons
    Jehan A. Gafer, Ghada H. Abd El-Rahman, Rawash Z. M.
    AJVS. 2015; 46(1): 1-14
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.186038
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Enterobacteriaceae In Beef Products (Luncheon, Pasterma, Frankfurter and Minced meat) from Alexandria Retail Outlets
    Noha M. El-Gendy, Hossam A. Ibrahim, Nahla A. Al-Shabasy, and Ibrahim A. Samaha
    AJVS. 2014; 41(1): 80-86
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.151171
    Cited : 2 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Evaluation of a Rapid Immunochromatographic Test for Detection of Brucella Abortus Antibodies in Egyptian Cattle Sera and Milk
    Tharwat M. Elshemey, Amir H. Abd-Elrahman
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 24-28
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.47307
    Cited : 1 time [Click to see citing article]

  • Incidence of Yersinia Enterocolitica and Yersinia Pseudotuberculosis in Raw Milk Samples of Different Animal Species Using Conventional and Molecular Methods
    Samah F. Darwish, Hanaa A.E. Asfour and Hanaa A. Allam
    AJVS. 2015; 44(1): 174-185
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.176360
    Cited : 1 time [Click to see citing article]

  • Prevalence of Some Pathogens in a Population of Zoo Animals
    Mostafa A. Mahmoud
    AJVS. 2015; 45(1): 139-145
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.184003
    Cited : 1 time [Click to see citing article]