E-ISSN 2536-9520 | ISSN 1110-2047
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Serological and Parasitological Survey of Canine Dirofilaria immitis Infection in Maiduguri, Borno state, Northeastern Nigeria

Kingsley U. Ezema, Yachilla M. Bukar, Konto Mohammed, Samson A. Malgwi.

Abstract
Heartworm disease is of considerable economic importance affecting canine populations around the world which has zoonotic implications. This study was carried out to survey the presence of Dirofilaria immitis using parasitological (Buffy coat, wet mount, modified Knott’s test) and serological (ELISA) technique. A total of 250 blood samples were collected from dogs in the study area. A total of 12(4.8%) of dogs were positive for the infection in the study area, 8(3.2%) of males were positive while 4(1.6%) of females were positive. According to age, 2(0.8%) of young were positive while 10(4.0%) of adults were also positive of the infection. However there was no significant difference (P>0.05) between the age and sex of the dogs infected. This study revealed the presence of D. immitis infection in the study area with ELISA being the most sensitive technique in the diagnosis of the infection based on the techniques employed in the study.

Key words: ELISA, Heartworm infections, Survey, Zoonosis


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Ezema KU, Bukar YM, Mohammed K, Malgwi SA. Serological and Parasitological Survey of Canine Dirofilaria immitis Infection in Maiduguri, Borno state, Northeastern Nigeria. AJVS. 2019; 62(2): 11-15. doi:10.5455/ajvs.31614


Web Style

Ezema KU, Bukar YM, Mohammed K, Malgwi SA. Serological and Parasitological Survey of Canine Dirofilaria immitis Infection in Maiduguri, Borno state, Northeastern Nigeria. http://www.alexjvs.com/?mno=31614 [Access: September 19, 2019]. doi:10.5455/ajvs.31614


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ezema KU, Bukar YM, Mohammed K, Malgwi SA. Serological and Parasitological Survey of Canine Dirofilaria immitis Infection in Maiduguri, Borno state, Northeastern Nigeria. AJVS. 2019; 62(2): 11-15. doi:10.5455/ajvs.31614



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ezema KU, Bukar YM, Mohammed K, Malgwi SA. Serological and Parasitological Survey of Canine Dirofilaria immitis Infection in Maiduguri, Borno state, Northeastern Nigeria. AJVS. (2019), [cited September 19, 2019]; 62(2): 11-15. doi:10.5455/ajvs.31614



Harvard Style

Ezema, K. U., Bukar, . Y. M., Mohammed, . K. & Malgwi, . S. A. (2019) Serological and Parasitological Survey of Canine Dirofilaria immitis Infection in Maiduguri, Borno state, Northeastern Nigeria. AJVS, 62 (2), 11-15. doi:10.5455/ajvs.31614



Turabian Style

Ezema, Kingsley U., Yachilla M. Bukar, Konto Mohammed, and Samson A. Malgwi. 2019. Serological and Parasitological Survey of Canine Dirofilaria immitis Infection in Maiduguri, Borno state, Northeastern Nigeria. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 62 (2), 11-15. doi:10.5455/ajvs.31614



Chicago Style

Ezema, Kingsley U., Yachilla M. Bukar, Konto Mohammed, and Samson A. Malgwi. "Serological and Parasitological Survey of Canine Dirofilaria immitis Infection in Maiduguri, Borno state, Northeastern Nigeria." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 62 (2019), 11-15. doi:10.5455/ajvs.31614



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ezema, Kingsley U., Yachilla M. Bukar, Konto Mohammed, and Samson A. Malgwi. "Serological and Parasitological Survey of Canine Dirofilaria immitis Infection in Maiduguri, Borno state, Northeastern Nigeria." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 62.2 (2019), 11-15. Print. doi:10.5455/ajvs.31614



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ezema, K. U., Bukar, . Y. M., Mohammed, . K. & Malgwi, . S. A. (2019) Serological and Parasitological Survey of Canine Dirofilaria immitis Infection in Maiduguri, Borno state, Northeastern Nigeria. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 62 (2), 11-15. doi:10.5455/ajvs.31614





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