E-ISSN 2536-9520 | ISSN 1110-2047
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Occurrence of Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in Some Retailed Animal Products in Sokoto, Nigeria

Yakubu Yusuf, Musawa I. Aliyu, Shuaibu A. Bello, Ballah Fatima, Arzika Abdullahi, Muhammad D. Aliyu.

Abstract
Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is an emerging pathogen responsible for multiple disease conditions in man. Animals especially livestock are reservoirs of the bacteria and could infect humans through contact and consumption of infected or contaminated animal products. A survey was conducted to determine the presence of MRSA in some animal products sold within Sokoto metropolis, Nigeria, using culture and molecular identification. The overall prevalence of the pathogen was 11% with individual prevalence rates of 12%, 22%, 6% and 4% in fresh milk, fermented milk, grilled beef and roasted beef respectively. The organism was found to be significantly associated with milk products particularly fermented milk (χ2 = 10.01, p = 0.018). The study revealed an alarming presence of MRSA in animal products sold within the study area. Emergence of the pathogen could be attributed to the misuse of antibiotics in animals, free border crossing of pastoral nomads across West African States and inappropriate prescription of drugs in humans. Shedding of the pathogen in milk and direct contamination during processing and handling are believed to be responsible in the contamination of the food products.

Key words: Survey, Methicillin-resistant, Staphylococcus aureus, animal products, Sokoto, Nigeria


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Yusuf Y, Aliyu MI, Bello SA, Fatima B, Abdullahi A, Aliyu MD. Occurrence of Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in Some Retailed Animal Products in Sokoto, Nigeria. AJVS. 2020; 64(1): 135-142. doi:10.5455/ajvs.44682


Web Style

Yusuf Y, Aliyu MI, Bello SA, Fatima B, Abdullahi A, Aliyu MD. Occurrence of Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in Some Retailed Animal Products in Sokoto, Nigeria. http://www.alexjvs.com/?mno=44682 [Access: February 17, 2020]. doi:10.5455/ajvs.44682


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Yusuf Y, Aliyu MI, Bello SA, Fatima B, Abdullahi A, Aliyu MD. Occurrence of Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in Some Retailed Animal Products in Sokoto, Nigeria. AJVS. 2020; 64(1): 135-142. doi:10.5455/ajvs.44682



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Yusuf Y, Aliyu MI, Bello SA, Fatima B, Abdullahi A, Aliyu MD. Occurrence of Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in Some Retailed Animal Products in Sokoto, Nigeria. AJVS. (2020), [cited February 17, 2020]; 64(1): 135-142. doi:10.5455/ajvs.44682



Harvard Style

Yusuf, Y., Aliyu, . M. I., Bello, . S. A., Fatima, . B., Abdullahi, . A. & Aliyu, . M. D. (2020) Occurrence of Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in Some Retailed Animal Products in Sokoto, Nigeria. AJVS, 64 (1), 135-142. doi:10.5455/ajvs.44682



Turabian Style

Yusuf, Yakubu, Musawa I. Aliyu, Shuaibu A. Bello, Ballah Fatima, Arzika Abdullahi, and Muhammad D. Aliyu. 2020. Occurrence of Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in Some Retailed Animal Products in Sokoto, Nigeria. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 64 (1), 135-142. doi:10.5455/ajvs.44682



Chicago Style

Yusuf, Yakubu, Musawa I. Aliyu, Shuaibu A. Bello, Ballah Fatima, Arzika Abdullahi, and Muhammad D. Aliyu. "Occurrence of Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in Some Retailed Animal Products in Sokoto, Nigeria." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 64 (2020), 135-142. doi:10.5455/ajvs.44682



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Yusuf, Yakubu, Musawa I. Aliyu, Shuaibu A. Bello, Ballah Fatima, Arzika Abdullahi, and Muhammad D. Aliyu. "Occurrence of Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in Some Retailed Animal Products in Sokoto, Nigeria." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 64.1 (2020), 135-142. Print. doi:10.5455/ajvs.44682



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Yusuf, Y., Aliyu, . M. I., Bello, . S. A., Fatima, . B., Abdullahi, . A. & Aliyu, . M. D. (2020) Occurrence of Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in Some Retailed Animal Products in Sokoto, Nigeria. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 64 (1), 135-142. doi:10.5455/ajvs.44682





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