E-ISSN 2536-9520 | ISSN 1110-2047
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Prevention of Necrotic Enteritis in Broiler Chickens by Prebiotics and Probiotics VS Control by Antibiotics, in Vivo Study

Samah Eid, Nayera M. El Atfehy, Fatma Amer, Hala N. Tolba, Rehab I. Hamed.

Abstract
Clostridium perfringens (C.perfringens) induced necrotic enteritis (NE) has become a worldwide significant problem in broilers’ industry. A total of 100 intestinal samples were collected from broilers’ chickens that demonstrated clinical manifestations and post mortem lesions of Necrotic Enteritis. Bacteriological examination of samples revealed that C. perfringens was isolated from (62/100) 62%. PCR was used to screen the circulating toxigenic subtypes and revealed that 14/20 (70%) of isolates were positive to cpa gene thus belonged to C. perfringens type A. Phenotypic antimicrobial resistance patterns was demonstrated by isolates to lincomycin 51/62(82.26%), ampicillin 45/62 (72.6%), nalidixic acid 43/62(69.35%), and spectinomycin 43/62 (69.35%), respectively. Futhermore, 49/62 (79%) of isolates demonstrated multidrug resistance phenotypes. Experimental study demonstrated better performance indicators in C.perfringens challenged chicks fed on probiotic (Bacillus subtilis) and prebiotic (Mannan Oligosaccharide / MOS) compared to the challenged chicks treated with amoxicillin.
In conclusion, the prevalence of multidrug resistant C.perfringens in infected broilers’ flocks, signified the need for applying AMR surveillance and raising awareness on the proper use of antibiotics in broilers’ sector. The promising results of NE prevention associated with feed supplementation by Bacillus subtilis and Mannan Oligosaccharide (MOS) represented an effective alternative to be used in conjunction with good management for prevention of NE rather than its control by antibiotics.

Key words: Bacillus subtilis, Clostridium perfringens, Mannan Oligosaccharides (MOS), Multidrug resistance, PCR.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Eid S, Atfehy NME, Amer F, Tolba HN, Hamed RI. Prevention of Necrotic Enteritis in Broiler Chickens by Prebiotics and Probiotics VS Control by Antibiotics, in Vivo Study. AJVS. 2020; 64(1): 143-153. doi:10.5455/ajvs.76994


Web Style

Eid S, Atfehy NME, Amer F, Tolba HN, Hamed RI. Prevention of Necrotic Enteritis in Broiler Chickens by Prebiotics and Probiotics VS Control by Antibiotics, in Vivo Study. http://www.alexjvs.com/?mno=76994 [Access: February 17, 2020]. doi:10.5455/ajvs.76994


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Eid S, Atfehy NME, Amer F, Tolba HN, Hamed RI. Prevention of Necrotic Enteritis in Broiler Chickens by Prebiotics and Probiotics VS Control by Antibiotics, in Vivo Study. AJVS. 2020; 64(1): 143-153. doi:10.5455/ajvs.76994



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Eid S, Atfehy NME, Amer F, Tolba HN, Hamed RI. Prevention of Necrotic Enteritis in Broiler Chickens by Prebiotics and Probiotics VS Control by Antibiotics, in Vivo Study. AJVS. (2020), [cited February 17, 2020]; 64(1): 143-153. doi:10.5455/ajvs.76994



Harvard Style

Eid, S., Atfehy, . N. M. E., Amer, . F., Tolba, . H. N. & Hamed, . R. I. (2020) Prevention of Necrotic Enteritis in Broiler Chickens by Prebiotics and Probiotics VS Control by Antibiotics, in Vivo Study. AJVS, 64 (1), 143-153. doi:10.5455/ajvs.76994



Turabian Style

Eid, Samah, Nayera M. El Atfehy, Fatma Amer, Hala N. Tolba, and Rehab I. Hamed. 2020. Prevention of Necrotic Enteritis in Broiler Chickens by Prebiotics and Probiotics VS Control by Antibiotics, in Vivo Study. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 64 (1), 143-153. doi:10.5455/ajvs.76994



Chicago Style

Eid, Samah, Nayera M. El Atfehy, Fatma Amer, Hala N. Tolba, and Rehab I. Hamed. "Prevention of Necrotic Enteritis in Broiler Chickens by Prebiotics and Probiotics VS Control by Antibiotics, in Vivo Study." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 64 (2020), 143-153. doi:10.5455/ajvs.76994



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Eid, Samah, Nayera M. El Atfehy, Fatma Amer, Hala N. Tolba, and Rehab I. Hamed. "Prevention of Necrotic Enteritis in Broiler Chickens by Prebiotics and Probiotics VS Control by Antibiotics, in Vivo Study." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 64.1 (2020), 143-153. Print. doi:10.5455/ajvs.76994



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Eid, S., Atfehy, . N. M. E., Amer, . F., Tolba, . H. N. & Hamed, . R. I. (2020) Prevention of Necrotic Enteritis in Broiler Chickens by Prebiotics and Probiotics VS Control by Antibiotics, in Vivo Study. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 64 (1), 143-153. doi:10.5455/ajvs.76994





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    AJVS. 2015; 47(1): 119-128
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.198997
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Physiological and Oxidative Stress Biomarkers in the Freshwater Nile Tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus L., exposed to sublethal doses of cadmium
    Ahmed M. EL-Gazzar, Khalid E. Ashry, Yasser S. El-Sayed
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 29-43
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48333
    Cited : 8 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Growth Performance, Blood Parameters, Immune response and Carcass Traits of Broiler Chicks Fed on Graded Levels of Wheat Instead of Corn without or With Enzyme Supplementation
    Mohamed I. El-Katcha, Mosaad A. Soltan, Hany F. El-Kanwy, EL-syaed R. kawarie
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 95-111
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48232
    Cited : 7 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Detection of Molecular Characterization of Salmonella enterica isolated from Chicken Meat and Its Products by Using Multiplex PCR
    Heba S. Amin and Abd El-Rahman A. Abd El-Rahman
    AJVS. 2015; 46(1): 155-160
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.196302
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Antifibrotic Effect of Curcumin on Thioacetamide Induced Liver Fibrosis
    Suzan E. Abdou, Nabil M. Taha, Abd El-Wahab A. Mandour, Mohamed A. Lebda, Hanaa R. El Hofi, Amany MSE El-Morshedy
    AJVS. 2015; 45(1): 43-50
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.179458
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Adverse Effects of Ivermectin in comparison with Rafoxanide on Male Rats
    Abd El-Salam F. El-Sawy, Zeynab Kh. El-Maddawy and Soaad A. Seed
    AJVS. 2015; 47(1): 119-128
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.198997
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Physiological and Oxidative Stress Biomarkers in the Freshwater Nile Tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus L., exposed to sublethal doses of cadmium
    Ahmed M. EL-Gazzar, Khalid E. Ashry, Yasser S. El-Sayed
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 29-43
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48333
    Cited : 8 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Growth Performance, Blood Parameters, Immune response and Carcass Traits of Broiler Chicks Fed on Graded Levels of Wheat Instead of Corn without or With Enzyme Supplementation
    Mohamed I. El-Katcha, Mosaad A. Soltan, Hany F. El-Kanwy, EL-syaed R. kawarie
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 95-111
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48232
    Cited : 7 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Detection of Molecular Characterization of Salmonella enterica isolated from Chicken Meat and Its Products by Using Multiplex PCR
    Heba S. Amin and Abd El-Rahman A. Abd El-Rahman
    AJVS. 2015; 46(1): 155-160
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.196302
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Antifibrotic Effect of Curcumin on Thioacetamide Induced Liver Fibrosis
    Suzan E. Abdou, Nabil M. Taha, Abd El-Wahab A. Mandour, Mohamed A. Lebda, Hanaa R. El Hofi, Amany MSE El-Morshedy
    AJVS. 2015; 45(1): 43-50
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.179458
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Adverse Effects of Ivermectin in comparison with Rafoxanide on Male Rats
    Abd El-Salam F. El-Sawy, Zeynab Kh. El-Maddawy and Soaad A. Seed
    AJVS. 2015; 47(1): 119-128
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.198997
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]