E-ISSN 2536-9520 | ISSN 1110-2047
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


The Prevalence of Spirochaetes and other Haemoparasites in Small Ruminants Slaughtered at Abattoirs in Ilorin Kwara State, Nigeria.

Isaac Dayo Olorunshola, Oluwafemi Babatunde Daodu, Temitope Ubaidat Kolapo, Shola David Ola-Fadunsin, Idiat Modupe Sanda, David O. Folaranmi.

Abstract
The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of spirochaetes and other haemoparasites in small ruminants. A total of two hundred blood samples were collected from the jugular vein of sheep and goats at slaughter. The Microhaematocrit centrifugation technique, direct wet blood mount, thin blood smear and thick blood smear techniques were used to detect the presence of motile and non-motile haemoparasites. Data obtained were analyzed using percentages and tabulations. One hundred and twelve representing 56.00% of the sampled small ruminants were positive for spirochaetes and other haemoparasites. Spirochaetes was the most prevalent haemoparasites followed by Anaplasma ovis, Babesia spp. and Trypanosoma brucei. Higher prevalence of haemoparasites infection were observed in goats (82.50%) compared to sheep (41.25%). Haemoparasites were more prevalent in small ruminants sourced from the southern part (78.00%) compared to those sourced from the northern part (54.00%) of Nigeria. Higher prevalence of spirochaetes and other haemoparasites was recorded in male than female. Some spirochaetes are zoonotic therefore, the possibility of its transmission to man exists with butchers and other abattoir workers been at risk of spirochaetosis. The role of ruminant types, sex of animals, and geographical locations in the epidemiology of spirochaetes and other haemoparasites infections in Nigeria is worthy of further investigations.

Key words: Abattoir Haemoparasites Small ruminants Spirochaetes Zoonoses


 
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Pubmed Style

Olorunshola ID, Daodu OB, Kolapo TU, Ola-Fadunsin SD, Sanda IM, Folaranmi DO, . The Prevalence of Spirochaetes and other Haemoparasites in Small Ruminants Slaughtered at Abattoirs in Ilorin Kwara State, Nigeria..


Web Style

Olorunshola ID, Daodu OB, Kolapo TU, Ola-Fadunsin SD, Sanda IM, Folaranmi DO, . The Prevalence of Spirochaetes and other Haemoparasites in Small Ruminants Slaughtered at Abattoirs in Ilorin Kwara State, Nigeria.. http://www.alexjvs.com/?mno=65780 [Access: May 21, 2020].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Olorunshola ID, Daodu OB, Kolapo TU, Ola-Fadunsin SD, Sanda IM, Folaranmi DO, . The Prevalence of Spirochaetes and other Haemoparasites in Small Ruminants Slaughtered at Abattoirs in Ilorin Kwara State, Nigeria..



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Olorunshola ID, Daodu OB, Kolapo TU, Ola-Fadunsin SD, Sanda IM, Folaranmi DO, . The Prevalence of Spirochaetes and other Haemoparasites in Small Ruminants Slaughtered at Abattoirs in Ilorin Kwara State, Nigeria..



Harvard Style

Olorunshola, I. D., Daodu, O. B., Kolapo, T. U., Ola-Fadunsin, S. . D., Sanda, I. M., Folaranmi, D. O. & (0) The Prevalence of Spirochaetes and other Haemoparasites in Small Ruminants Slaughtered at Abattoirs in Ilorin Kwara State, Nigeria..



Turabian Style

Olorunshola, Isaac Dayo, Oluwafemi Babatunde Daodu, Temitope Ubaidat Kolapo, Shola David Ola-Fadunsin, Idiat Modupe Sanda, David O. Folaranmi, and . 0. The Prevalence of Spirochaetes and other Haemoparasites in Small Ruminants Slaughtered at Abattoirs in Ilorin Kwara State, Nigeria..



Chicago Style

Olorunshola, Isaac Dayo, Oluwafemi Babatunde Daodu, Temitope Ubaidat Kolapo, Shola David Ola-Fadunsin, Idiat Modupe Sanda, David O. Folaranmi, and . "The Prevalence of Spirochaetes and other Haemoparasites in Small Ruminants Slaughtered at Abattoirs in Ilorin Kwara State, Nigeria.."



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Olorunshola, Isaac Dayo, Oluwafemi Babatunde Daodu, Temitope Ubaidat Kolapo, Shola David Ola-Fadunsin, Idiat Modupe Sanda, David O. Folaranmi, and . "The Prevalence of Spirochaetes and other Haemoparasites in Small Ruminants Slaughtered at Abattoirs in Ilorin Kwara State, Nigeria.."



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Olorunshola, I. D., Daodu, O. B., Kolapo, T. U., Ola-Fadunsin, S. . D., Sanda, I. M., Folaranmi, D. O. & (0) The Prevalence of Spirochaetes and other Haemoparasites in Small Ruminants Slaughtered at Abattoirs in Ilorin Kwara State, Nigeria..





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