E-ISSN 2536-9520 | ISSN 1110-2047
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Oxytetracycline and β- lactam residues in raw milk of different species marketed in Alexandria city, Egypt

Hussien S. Abo El-Makarem, Ahlam A. El Leboudy, Nesma E. Mahmoud.

Abstract
Antibiotic residues in milk are of great public health concern since milk is being widely consumed by infants, youngster and adults throughout the globe. Therefore, eighty samples of different species including (cow, buffalo, camel and sheep) 20 of each type were collected from different markets and dairy shops located in Alexandria governorate, Egypt for determination antibiotic residues using HPLC. The obtained results were revealed that oxytetracycline, penicillin G and cloxacillin residues were detected at incidence rate (30, 30, 15, & 30%), (25, 20, 10, & 25%), and (10, 10, 0, &15%) with a mean values of (97.9±28.1, 85.5± 25.9, 48.4±28.0 & 122.9±29.2 ppb); (8.86 ± 3.60, 7.583± 4.73, 1.95± 0.95 &10.2 ± 3.40 ppb), and (39.3 ± 7.40, 21.5 ± 9.05, 0 & 37.6 ± 9.91 ppb) in examined cow, buffalo , camel and sheep’s milk samples, respectively. Positive samples for antibiotic residues were compared with the maximum residual limits established by international standards. In addition, calculated daily intake for each antibiotic residues were compared with acceptable daily intake. One sample of camel and sheep milk may contain three antibiotic residues and these may cause public health hazards for consumers. Therefore, Legislations for monitoring and control antibiotics treatment of food producing animals should be adopted.

Key words: Milk, HPLC, Oxytetracycline, Penicillin G, Cloxacillin


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

El-Makarem HSA, Leboudy AAE, Mahmoud NE. Oxytetracycline and β- lactam residues in raw milk of different species marketed in Alexandria city, Egypt. AJVS. 2020; 65(1): 60-65. doi:10.5455/ajvs.72551


Web Style

El-Makarem HSA, Leboudy AAE, Mahmoud NE. Oxytetracycline and β- lactam residues in raw milk of different species marketed in Alexandria city, Egypt. http://www.alexjvs.com/?mno=72551 [Access: May 31, 2020]. doi:10.5455/ajvs.72551


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

El-Makarem HSA, Leboudy AAE, Mahmoud NE. Oxytetracycline and β- lactam residues in raw milk of different species marketed in Alexandria city, Egypt. AJVS. 2020; 65(1): 60-65. doi:10.5455/ajvs.72551



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

El-Makarem HSA, Leboudy AAE, Mahmoud NE. Oxytetracycline and β- lactam residues in raw milk of different species marketed in Alexandria city, Egypt. AJVS. (2020), [cited May 31, 2020]; 65(1): 60-65. doi:10.5455/ajvs.72551



Harvard Style

El-Makarem, H. S. A., Leboudy, . A. A. E. & Mahmoud, . N. E. (2020) Oxytetracycline and β- lactam residues in raw milk of different species marketed in Alexandria city, Egypt. AJVS, 65 (1), 60-65. doi:10.5455/ajvs.72551



Turabian Style

El-Makarem, Hussien S. Abo, Ahlam A. El Leboudy, and Nesma E. Mahmoud. 2020. Oxytetracycline and β- lactam residues in raw milk of different species marketed in Alexandria city, Egypt. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 65 (1), 60-65. doi:10.5455/ajvs.72551



Chicago Style

El-Makarem, Hussien S. Abo, Ahlam A. El Leboudy, and Nesma E. Mahmoud. "Oxytetracycline and β- lactam residues in raw milk of different species marketed in Alexandria city, Egypt." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 65 (2020), 60-65. doi:10.5455/ajvs.72551



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

El-Makarem, Hussien S. Abo, Ahlam A. El Leboudy, and Nesma E. Mahmoud. "Oxytetracycline and β- lactam residues in raw milk of different species marketed in Alexandria city, Egypt." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 65.1 (2020), 60-65. Print. doi:10.5455/ajvs.72551



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

El-Makarem, H. S. A., Leboudy, . A. A. E. & Mahmoud, . N. E. (2020) Oxytetracycline and β- lactam residues in raw milk of different species marketed in Alexandria city, Egypt. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 65 (1), 60-65. doi:10.5455/ajvs.72551





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