E-ISSN 2536-9520 | ISSN 1110-2047
 

Original Article 


Histomorphological Study on the Cerebellum of the African Ostrich

Ahmed A. Elnegiry, Hazem S. Hamoda, Foad A. Farrag.

Abstract
In this, we use six male African ostriches aging 10-13 months. Our findings revealed the morphometric and histological structure of the African ostrich cerebellum that controls the balance and locomotion of the largest, heaviest, and fastest flightless bird. The average length, width, perimeter, and surface area of ostrich cerebella were measured. The large-sized cerebellum of the ostrich provides the bird with proper control of locomotion and balance in addition to complex cognitive abilities. Histologically, we describe the histoarchitecture of the ostrich cerebellum with the distinct three layers, molecular layer, Purkinje, and granular layers. Purkinje cell Nissl granules and cell Processes were demonstrated using special stains. The complicated cerebellar circuity and the different information inputs to the cerebellum from the vestibular system, spinocerebellar tracts, and pontine nuclei were discussed. Pontine nuclei of the ventral pons which represent the main input of information to the cerebellum were also demonstrated.

Key words: African ostrich, cerebellum, pontine nuclei, Purkinje cell.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Elnegiry AA, Hamoda HS, Farrag FA. Histomorphological Study on the Cerebellum of the African Ostrich. AJVS. 2022; 73(2): 1-6. doi:10.5455/ajvs.33484


Web Style

Elnegiry AA, Hamoda HS, Farrag FA. Histomorphological Study on the Cerebellum of the African Ostrich. https://www.alexjvs.com/?mno=33484 [Access: November 14, 2022]. doi:10.5455/ajvs.33484


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Elnegiry AA, Hamoda HS, Farrag FA. Histomorphological Study on the Cerebellum of the African Ostrich. AJVS. 2022; 73(2): 1-6. doi:10.5455/ajvs.33484



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Elnegiry AA, Hamoda HS, Farrag FA. Histomorphological Study on the Cerebellum of the African Ostrich. AJVS. (2022), [cited November 14, 2022]; 73(2): 1-6. doi:10.5455/ajvs.33484



Harvard Style

Elnegiry, A. A., Hamoda, . H. S. & Farrag, . F. A. (2022) Histomorphological Study on the Cerebellum of the African Ostrich. AJVS, 73 (2), 1-6. doi:10.5455/ajvs.33484



Turabian Style

Elnegiry, Ahmed A., Hazem S. Hamoda, and Foad A. Farrag. 2022. Histomorphological Study on the Cerebellum of the African Ostrich. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 73 (2), 1-6. doi:10.5455/ajvs.33484



Chicago Style

Elnegiry, Ahmed A., Hazem S. Hamoda, and Foad A. Farrag. "Histomorphological Study on the Cerebellum of the African Ostrich." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 73 (2022), 1-6. doi:10.5455/ajvs.33484



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Elnegiry, Ahmed A., Hazem S. Hamoda, and Foad A. Farrag. "Histomorphological Study on the Cerebellum of the African Ostrich." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 73.2 (2022), 1-6. Print. doi:10.5455/ajvs.33484



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Elnegiry, A. A., Hamoda, . H. S. & Farrag, . F. A. (2022) Histomorphological Study on the Cerebellum of the African Ostrich. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 73 (2), 1-6. doi:10.5455/ajvs.33484





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