E-ISSN 2536-9520 | ISSN 1110-2047
 

Original Article 


Surgical Approach of the Anatomical Sites for Bone Marrow Aspiration in Dogs

Haidy M. Hesham, Samir R. Nouh, Mahmoud H. Elkammar, Howaida M. Abu-Ahmed, Basma G. Hanafy, Huda A. Elkhenany.

Abstract
Bone marrow as a soft material found in the central core of bones is vitally important for the production of blood cells and platelets. Bone marrow is commonly collected and examined when abnormalities are found in the circulating blood. The presented investigation aimed to describe the best anatomical sites for aspiration of the bone marrow in dogs and to record the computed tomographic anatomy and detection the site of needle aspiration. The present study was carried out on 7 apparently clinically healthy mongrel dogs (3 male and 4 female). The dog's weights were 15 - 50 kg bwt and their ages were 8 - 24 months. Three dogs (one male and two females) were euthanized to perform a cadaveric study to approach humerus, sternum, iliac crest and femur to detect the best site to introduce different sizes of aspiration needles to aspirate bone marrow samples. The other four dogs were undergone three dimensions (3D) computed tomography (CT) to detect the length of the needle inside the bone to aspirate bone marrow samples. In conclusion, the anatomical details of long bones (humerus and femur) and flat bones (sternum and ilium) were well showed by bone window of anatomical computed tomography. The Transverse plane showed that, humerus, femur and ilium are viewed in this plane with clear defined intra medullary cavity and the aspiration needle was obvious through head of humerus; Meanwhile, this plane was not valuable to detect medullary cavity of the sternum. The three dimensional view cleared that, the humerus, femur, ilium and sternum were viewed from all directions to detect anatomical sites for needle introduction. The sternum is anatomically detailed as a different lengths of sternebrae and needle insertion is safe in the longest sternebra (2nd one).

Key words: Bone marrow, sternum, femur, iliac crest, Dogs.


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Haidy M. Hesham
Articles by Samir R. Nouh
Articles by Mahmoud H. Elkammar
Articles by Howaida M. Abu-Ahmed
Articles by Basma G. Hanafy
Articles by Huda A. Elkhenany
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

HMH, Nouh SR, Elkammar MH, Abu-Ahmed HM, Hanafy BG, Elkhenany HA. Surgical Approach of the Anatomical Sites for Bone Marrow Aspiration in Dogs. AJVS. 2021; 70(2): 86-91. doi:10.5455/ajvs.85135


Web Style

HMH, Nouh SR, Elkammar MH, Abu-Ahmed HM, Hanafy BG, Elkhenany HA. Surgical Approach of the Anatomical Sites for Bone Marrow Aspiration in Dogs. http://www.alexjvs.com/?mno=85135 [Access: September 11, 2021]. doi:10.5455/ajvs.85135


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

HMH, Nouh SR, Elkammar MH, Abu-Ahmed HM, Hanafy BG, Elkhenany HA. Surgical Approach of the Anatomical Sites for Bone Marrow Aspiration in Dogs. AJVS. 2021; 70(2): 86-91. doi:10.5455/ajvs.85135



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

HMH, Nouh SR, Elkammar MH, Abu-Ahmed HM, Hanafy BG, Elkhenany HA. Surgical Approach of the Anatomical Sites for Bone Marrow Aspiration in Dogs. AJVS. (2021), [cited September 11, 2021]; 70(2): 86-91. doi:10.5455/ajvs.85135



Harvard Style

, H. M. H., Nouh, . S. R., Elkammar, . M. H., Abu-Ahmed, . H. M., Hanafy, . B. G. & Elkhenany, . H. A. (2021) Surgical Approach of the Anatomical Sites for Bone Marrow Aspiration in Dogs. AJVS, 70 (2), 86-91. doi:10.5455/ajvs.85135



Turabian Style

, Haidy M. Hesham, Samir R. Nouh, Mahmoud H. Elkammar, Howaida M. Abu-Ahmed, Basma G. Hanafy, and Huda A. Elkhenany. 2021. Surgical Approach of the Anatomical Sites for Bone Marrow Aspiration in Dogs. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 70 (2), 86-91. doi:10.5455/ajvs.85135



Chicago Style

, Haidy M. Hesham, Samir R. Nouh, Mahmoud H. Elkammar, Howaida M. Abu-Ahmed, Basma G. Hanafy, and Huda A. Elkhenany. "Surgical Approach of the Anatomical Sites for Bone Marrow Aspiration in Dogs." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 70 (2021), 86-91. doi:10.5455/ajvs.85135



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

, Haidy M. Hesham, Samir R. Nouh, Mahmoud H. Elkammar, Howaida M. Abu-Ahmed, Basma G. Hanafy, and Huda A. Elkhenany. "Surgical Approach of the Anatomical Sites for Bone Marrow Aspiration in Dogs." Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 70.2 (2021), 86-91. Print. doi:10.5455/ajvs.85135



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

, H. M. H., Nouh, . S. R., Elkammar, . M. H., Abu-Ahmed, . H. M., Hanafy, . B. G. & Elkhenany, . H. A. (2021) Surgical Approach of the Anatomical Sites for Bone Marrow Aspiration in Dogs. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 70 (2), 86-91. doi:10.5455/ajvs.85135





Most Viewed Articles
  • Assessment of The Efficiency of Some Chemical Disinfectants Used in poultry Farms Against Coccidiosis
    Hamed Abdel tawab Samaha, Yasser Nasr Haggag, Mohammed Al sayed Nossair, Heba Mohammed Habib
    AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 82-90
    » Abstract & References

  • Physiological and Oxidative Stress Biomarkers in the Freshwater Nile Tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus L., exposed to sublethal doses of cadmium
    Ahmed M. EL-Gazzar, Khalid E. Ashry, Yasser S. El-Sayed
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 29-43
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48333

  • Influence of Combined Administration of Turmeric and Black seed on Selected Biochemical Parameters of Diabetic Rats
    Sabry M. El-Bahr, Nabil M. Taha, Mahdy A. Korshom, Abd EL-Wahab A. Mandour, Mohamed A. Lebda
    AJVS. 2014; 41(1): 19-27
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.154650

  • Molecular Characterization of Listeria Species Isolated from Frozen Fish
    Gaber S. Abdellrazeq, Ayman M. Kamar, Samya M. El-Houshy
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 1-15
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.45443

  • Growth Performance, Blood Parameters, Immune response and Carcass Traits of Broiler Chicks Fed on Graded Levels of Wheat Instead of Corn without or With Enzyme Supplementation
    Mohamed I. El-Katcha, Mosaad A. Soltan, Hany F. El-Kanwy, EL-syaed R. kawarie
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 95-111
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48232

  • Most Downloaded
  • Comparative Study of Cellular and Humoral Immune Response to BHV-1 Vaccines in Cattle and Buffalo Calves
    Fayrouz S. Naim; Samy A. Khalil and Helmy A. Torky
    AJVS. 2016; 51(2): 367-373
    » Abstract

  • Growth Performance, Blood Parameters, Immune response and Carcass Traits of Broiler Chicks Fed on Graded Levels of Wheat Instead of Corn without or With Enzyme Supplementation
    Mohamed I. El-Katcha, Mosaad A. Soltan, Hany F. El-Kanwy, EL-syaed R. kawarie
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 95-111
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48232

  • Physiological and Oxidative Stress Biomarkers in the Freshwater Nile Tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus L., exposed to sublethal doses of cadmium
    Ahmed M. EL-Gazzar, Khalid E. Ashry, Yasser S. El-Sayed
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 29-43
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48333

  • Using of Polypropylene Mesh for Hernioplasty in Calves
    Mostafa M. kassam, Mahmoud H. Elkammer, Ahmed S. Korittum, Ali A. Abdel-Wahed
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 112-117
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.47290

  • Influence of Combined Administration of Turmeric and Black seed on Selected Biochemical Parameters of Diabetic Rats
    Sabry M. El-Bahr, Nabil M. Taha, Mahdy A. Korshom, Abd EL-Wahab A. Mandour, Mohamed A. Lebda
    AJVS. 2014; 41(1): 19-27
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.154650

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Physiological and Oxidative Stress Biomarkers in the Freshwater Nile Tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus L., exposed to sublethal doses of cadmium
    Ahmed M. EL-Gazzar, Khalid E. Ashry, Yasser S. El-Sayed
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 29-43
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48333
    Cited : 10 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Growth Performance, Blood Parameters, Immune response and Carcass Traits of Broiler Chicks Fed on Graded Levels of Wheat Instead of Corn without or With Enzyme Supplementation
    Mohamed I. El-Katcha, Mosaad A. Soltan, Hany F. El-Kanwy, EL-syaed R. kawarie
    AJVS. 2014; 40(1): 95-111
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.48232
    Cited : 8 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Effect of Dietary Replacement of Inorganic Zinc by Organic or Nanoparticles Sources on Growth Performance, Immune Response and Intestinal Histopathology of Broiler Chicken
    Mohamed El-Katcha, Mosad A. Soltan, M. El-badry
    AJVS. 2017; 55(2): 129-145
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.266925
    Cited : 7 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Molecular Characterization, Antimicrobial Susceptibility and Salt Tolerance of Aeromonas hydrophila from Fresh, Brackish and Marine fishes
    Basma Dahdouh, Ola Basha, Samy Khalil, Mahmoud Tanekhy
    AJVS. 2016; 48(2): 46-53
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.208107
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • The Growth Promoting Effect of Beta-glucan in Comparison with Sodium Butyrate in Broiler Chicks
    Abd El-Salam F. El-Sawy, Zeynab Kh. El-Maddawy, Hawary S. Ibrahiem and El-Sadeq Bo-Ghazel
    AJVS. 2015; 44(1): 23-37
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ajvs.163992
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]